The Messenger of Allah, Muhammed


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  • The Messenger of Allah, Muhammed


  • بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

    وَمَاۤ اَرۡسَلۡنٰكَ اِلَّا رَحۡمَةً لِّـلۡعٰلَمِيۡنَ‏ ﴿21:107﴾

    “We have only sent you (O Muhammad, Õáì Çááå Úáíå
    æÓáã
    ) as
    a mercy to the worlds.”

    (Al-Anbiyâ’, 21: 107)

     

     

    Ayah quoted by trans.

     

    Chapter Four

    The Messenger Of Allah Invites His Tribe

    “And warn your tribe (O Muhammad, Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã) of near kindred,
    and be kind and humble to the believers who follow you, then if they disobey
    you, say: ‘I am innocent of what you do.’” (Ash-Shu‘arâ’, 26: 214-216)

    The
    Message was send down upon Muhammad (may Allah bless him and grant him peace),
    and he had to face one of the most corrupt societies on earth. A society rife
    with despotism and disbelief that tainted even the sanctity of the Sacred
    House, where it set up idols in the House that Allah has chosen on the earth,
    and aimed at the degeneracy of the purest spot on this universe.

    The
    new Message had to withstand all this, and to purify the Sacred House of the
    idols, declare equality among people, whether poor or rich, white or black.

    The
    first revealed Ayah showed the means of education to man: the Pen, and the
    means of knowledge: reading. What the pen does not record is eventually lost
    and end, and he who does not read, will not learn.

    Allah,
    Blessed and Exalted be He, created man, and created in him the ability to
    inherit civilizations. For the human mind is distinguished among earthly
    creatures by its capacity to inherit civilizations, and promote them. Thus,
    each human generation starts from where the preceding one has stopped and adds
    to it. Consequently, human civilization progresses till it reaches what Allah
    has decreed for it.

    Man
    possesses the means of knowledge that Allah, Blessed and Exalted be He, has
    created for him, in order to discover the universe. The Truth, all praise and
    glory be to Him, says (what means):

    “And Allah has brought you out from the wombs of your mothers while
    you know nothing. And He gave you hearing, sight, and hearts that you might
    give thanks (to Allah).” (An-Nahl, 16: 78)

    Why
    has Allah, Blessed and Exalted be He, gave precedence to hearing over sight?
    Because hearing is the primary tool of learning in man, as you can only see for
    yourself, but you can hear from many others. The blind man can learn, and
    attain the highest degrees of knowledge through making others read for him, but
    it is hard for the deaf to be a scientist.

    Allah,
    Blessed and Exalted be He, has indicated in the aforesaid glorious Ayah the
    means of knowledge that He has furnished man with. For man hears and sees, then
    knowledge settles in the heart. He acquires facts and behaves accordingly.
    These are the means of attaining human knowledge, and are still his means to
    the present day. Although man possesses other senses like touch, taste, and
    others, they do not grant him human civilization, but rather information about
    things around him, but they do not convey civilization to man.

    To
    know for sure that sight can never stand alone as means of learning, suppose
    that you are watching a film, then you turn off the sound, and watch the film
    mutely with your eyes, you will not be able to understand anything. Try then to
    use senses other than that of hearing, and you will still be unable to
    understand.

    Thus,
    ears are the primary means of learning, and they start their function
    immediately after birth. While the eyes take days till they start performing
    their function. Therefore, the Noble Qur’an came as words read, and not
    something seen. Because The Truth, all praise and glory be to Him, wanted to employ
    the true means of receiving knowledge within man, namely the ears, so that
    Qur’anic knowledge reaches everyone.

    When
    the Divine Revelation descended upon the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless
    him and grant him peace), he spent days uncertain about what he had seen and
    heard. Lady Khadijah (may Allah be pleased with her) wanted to end such state
    of uncertainty, so when Jibril (Gabriel, peace be upon him) descended upon him
    while he was at her home, she asked: “Do you now
    see the angel?”
    He answered: “Yes,”
    upon which she unveiled her face and asked him: “Do
    you now see him?”
    He answered: “No,”
    so Khadijah said: “It is an angel and not a
    devil.”
    For she knew with her insight that the devil is shameless,
    and will not disappear if a woman removes her veil away from her face or head.
    Moreover, the angel listens to and obeys the Command of Allah. Consequently,
    the heart of the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace)
    was reassured. It is noteworthy, that Khadijah (may Allah be pleased with her)
    was the first to believe in Allah and His Messenger (may Allah bless him and
    grant him peace). She was the first to believe in the prophecy of Muhammad (may
    Allah bless him and grant him peace), and was even given the glad tiding of a house
    of pearls in Paradise.

    The Pause Of The
    Divine Revelation For A While

    The
    Divine Revelation was paused for a while, thus the Messenger of Allah (may
    Allah bless him and grant him peace) went to the cave perhaps the Divine
    Revelation would come, but Jibril did not come; he went to Khadijah’s house
    perhaps the Divine Revelation would come, but Jibril did not come. Thus,
    uncertainty began in the noble soul of the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless
    him and grant him peace), what happened? Is he truly the Messenger of Allah or
    not?

    While
    the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) was walking in
    one of the passages of Mecca, he heard a voice telling him: “O Muhammad! You are truly the Messenger of Allah.” The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and
    grant him peace) looked in front of him, but saw no one, and then he looked
    behind him and on his left and right but still saw none.

    From
    where then did this sound come? Forthwith, the Messenger of Allah (may Allah
    bless him and grant him peace) gazed towards the sky and there he saw Jibril
    (peace be upon him) telling him: “O Muhammad! You
    are truly the Messenger of Allah.”
    Such contact that took place
    between the Angel and the human Messenger caused his noble body to shiver
    severely, and to drip with sweat, so he hastened to the house of Khadijah.

    Upon
    entering the house, Lady Khadijah (may Allah be pleased with her) kindly asked
    him: “What is the matter with you?” But
    the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) did not answer
    her, but only said while shivering severely: “Wrap
    me! Wrap me,”
    Thereupon, she covered him with mantles. Amid such a
    scene Jibril (peace be upon him) descended upon him with the first Surah after
    Al-‘Alaq, where he revealed to him the Words of the Truth, all praise and glory
    be to Him, (which means):

    “O you (Muhammad, Õáì Çááå
    Úáíå æÓáã
    ) enveloped (in garments)! Arise and
    warn! And your Lord (Allah) magnify! And your garments purify! And keep away
    from Ar-Rujz (the idols)! And give not a thing in order to have more (or
    consider not your deeds of Allah’s obedience as a favour to Allah). And for
    your Lord’s (Cause), be patient and constant!” (Al-Muddaththir, 74: 1-7)

    Jibril
    (peace be upon him) departed, while sweat still pouring over the noble body of
    the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). When he
    gained his composure he wanted to go out, which made Lady Khadijah worried
    about his going out while in such a state, so she said to him: “Rest, O Muhammad for a while,” and he answered:
    “There is no longer a time for rest, O Khadijah.”

    Afterwards,
    the revelation of Ayat succeeded, where Allah, all praise and glory be to him,
    ordered His Messenger (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) to begin
    conveying the Message by warning those close to him, saying what means:

    “And warn your tribe (O Muhammad, Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã) of near kindred,
    and be kind and humble to the believers who follow you, then if they disobey
    you, say: ‘I am innocent of what you do.’” (Ash-Shu‘arâ’, 214: 216)

    From Here Was The
    Beginning

    The
    Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) invited his tribe
    to his house to have food with him, and there he said to them: “I do not know of any person from among the Arabs who has
    ever brought to his people better than what I bring to you. I bring to you the
    goodness of this World and of the Hereafter, and Allah has commanded me to
    invite you to it. Who among you shall support me in this matter.”

    All the
    attendants turned down the call of the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him
    and grant him peace), except ‘Ali bin Abu Talib (may Allah honor his face), who
    despite his tender age, and not reaching puberty
    yet, said: “O Messenger of
    Allah! I am your aid, I am a war against whoever fight you.”
    As for
    Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (surnamed the Trustful, may
    Allah be pleased with him
    ), he believed in the Messenger of Allah (may
    Allah bless him and grant him peace) once he informed him without asking for a
    proof or a sign, but he just said: “I believe
    you.”

    Despite
    the denial and hostility with which the tribe of the Messenger of Allah (may
    Allah bless him and grant him peace) received his Call, it started to spread,
    and people started to enter Islam. The first to enter Islam after Abu Bakr (may
    Allah be pleased with him) were Az-Zubair bin Al-‘Awwam, ‘Abdur-Rahman bin
    ‘Auf, Sa‘d bin Abi Waqas, Talhah bin ‘Ubaidullah, Abu ‘Ubaidah bin Al-Jarah,
    Al-‘Arqam bin Abi Al-‘Arqam, ‘Uthman bin Madh’un, Ubaidah bin Al-Harith, Sa‘id
    bin Zaid (may Allah be pleased with them all).

    Thus,
    the word of belief proceeded onward, spreading the Islamic Call. At first
    people believed in secrecy, for fear of the oppression of the tyrants of the
    Quraish. They used to convene secretly with the Messenger of Allah (may Allah
    bless him and grant him peace) at the house of Al-‘Arqam bin Abi Al-’Arqam to
    study Qu’ran, and perform Prayers the way the Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham, peace
    be upon him) used to perform it, offering two rak‘ahs [Rak‘ah
    represents a unit of Salah, i.e., offering Prayers] and prostrating
    themselves to Allah, gloried ever be His Majesty and Might.

    Some
    people might ask: how did Muslims prostrate, though the prescribed obligatory
    prayers were not enjoined yet?

    The
    answer to this question is that prostration is an act of worship enjoined since
    Adam (peace be upon him). Moreover, before the creation of Adam (peace be upon
    him) the act of prostration was one of the signs of worshipping Allah, all
    praise and glory be to Him. The Noble Qur’an says (what means):

    “And unto Allah (Alone) falls in prostration whoever is in the
    heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, and so do their shadows in the
    mornings and in the afternoons.” (Ar-Ra‘d, 13: 15)

    All
    the creatures of Allah prostrate themselves before Him and glorify Him in this
    world and the world to come, save man and jinns, who are granted free choice in
    worldly life. Thus, their prostration in worldly life is voluntary. We will
    also realize that prostration was known and enjoined in all Messages and upon
    all prophets calling to the True Religion (monotheism), if we read the glorious
    Ayah saying (what means):

    “Remember) when Yusuf (Joseph) said to his father: ‘O my father!
    Verily, I saw (in a dream) eleven stars and the sun and the moon, I saw them
    prostrating themselves to me.” (Yusuf, 12: 4)

    And
    the glorious Ayah saying (what means):

    “O Mary! Worship your Lord devoutly: prostrate yourself, and bow
    down (in prayer) with those who bow down.” (Âl-‘Imrân, 3: 43)

    The Call
    to Allah marched on, and Allah ordered His Messenger (may Allah bless him and
    grant him peace) to proclaim openly the Message. Thus, the Messenger of Allah
    (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) ascended As-Safa Mount near the
    Sanctified Ka’bah and started calling out: “O clan
    of the Quraish! O clan of the Quraish!”
    And the people of Quraish
    gathered, whereupon he told them: “Suppose I told
    you that there are horses at the foot of this mountain planning to raid you,
    will you believe me?”
    They said: “Yes,
    we regard you as trustful, and we have never heard you telling a lie.”

    The Messenger (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said, “I am a warner to you in face of a severe torment. O Banu
    Abdu-Manaf, O Banu Zuhrah, O Banu Tamim, O Banu Makhzoum, O Banu Asad, Allah
    orders me to warn my closest kindred, and verily I possess no power of benefit
    to you in worldly life, nor any share in the Hereafter,
    unless you say: There is no god but Allah.”

    Whereupon,
    Abu Lahab stood and cried: “Is it for this purpose you have gathered us? May
    you perish!”

    Thus
    Allah revealed: “Perish the two hands of Abu Lahab (an
    uncle of the Prophet), and perish he! His wealth and his children (etc.) will
    not benefit him!” (Al-Masad, 111: 1-5)

    Stages Of Struggle
    Between Truth And Falsehood

    The
    battle between truth and falsehood began, and the Quraish felt the danger. For
    Allah, all praise and glory be to Him, chose His Sanctified House in Mecca to
    be the birthplace of the Cry of Truth; a cry to be first heard by the chiefs of
    the Arabs, the Quraish. The Quraish enjoyed mastery over the Arabian
    Peninsula…. over Mecca, where stands the Sacred House of Allah to which all
    people go on pilgrimage. For that reason all the tribes used to avoid opposing
    the Quraish, because they knew that at the time of pilgrimage they would fall
    under the mercy of the Quraish, and that made them pay due regard to it.

    The
    cry of Islam first reached the ears of the masters of Arabs to admonish them,
    and to make them learn well that when The Truth, all praise and glory be to
    Him, wants to send down His Religion to earth He sounds the first Cry of Faith
    in the ears of the chiefs of the Quraish among them, so that it would not be
    said, “They are but weak people who gathered around the Messenger.”

    The
    first cry was in the ears of the most powerful people, mightily shaking them.
    Nevertheless, Islam did not achieve its victory in Mecca, but in Al-Madinah
    Al-Munawarah
    [Medina, The Luminous City].
    And that for a purpose, so that it would not be said that the Quraish – the
    master over the Arabs – helped one of its sons, but all must bear in mind that
    Allah Alone granted victory to His Religion, and that Muhammad, the Messenger
    of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), obtained power and honor
    through the Religion of Allah, and not through human means.

    The
    struggle between truth and falsehood passed by several stages; the first stage
    was that of temptation, when the people of the Quraish thought that the
    Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) could be tempted
    by worldly splendor.

    The
    second stage was that of persecution; where they began to grievously harm the
    Messenger (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) and the Muslims.

    The
    third stage was that of boycott, where the Quraish decided to boycott Banu
    Hashim, to force them to hand over the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him
    and grant him peace) to be killed.

    As for
    the fourth stage it was the attempt to kill the Messenger of Allah (may Allah
    bless him and grant him peace).

    The
    disbelievers attempted, before the first stage, to arouse doubt in the heart of
    the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) about his
    prophethood; that he was not commissioned with the Message. Thus, they claimed
    that he was neither a Prophet nor a Messenger. But Allah, all praise and glory
    be to Him, kept him firm on faith. Allah, eternally glorified is His Majesty
    and Might, says (what means):

    “And those who disbelieve, say: ‘You (O Muhammad, Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã)
    are not a Messenger.’ Say: ‘Sufficient for a witness between me and you is
    Allah and those too who have knowledge of the Scripture (such as ‘Abdullah bin
    Salam and other Jews and Christians who embraced Islam).’” (Ar-Ra‘d, 13: 43)

    But
    such doubts were sheer nothing, for Islam kept on prevailing, and the number of
    believers witnessed continuous growth. Thereupon, the disbelievers thought of
    laying before him worldly life, hoping that this might persuade him into
    renouncing the Call. They said: “If you came with such talk seeking wealth
    by it, we would collect to you from our wealth till you become the richest
    among us. And if you were seeking high standing among us, we would make you our
    master, and if you were seeking dominion, we would make you a king over us, and
    if that which descends on you with what it brings is a genie that overpowered
    you, we would spend freely in pursuit of treatment till we cure you of it.”

    Nevertheless,
    all such offers and worldly temptations did not stir in the soul of the
    Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) even a speck of
    attraction. For he has come to call people to striving for the sake of the
    Hereafter, untempted by worldly wealth and fame. The afterlife is the one
    eternal, and delights in it are by the Power of Allah. But worldly life to
    Allah and His Messenger is not worth the wing of a mosquito.

    When
    his uncle Abu Talib wanted to convince him to accept the worldly offer of the
    disbelievers of the Quraish, the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and
    grant him peace) said: “O uncle! By Allah, were
    they to put the sun in my right hand, and the moon in my left hand on condition
    that I abandon this mission, I will never abandon it, until Allah makes it
    prevail or I perish therein.”

    Thus, the noble Messenger (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) has placed this worldly life, over which people fight one
    another, in its true seat. For worldly life is not the life that a believer
    desires, but he only regards it as the means to attain the Good Pleasure of
    Allah in the Hereafter. Hence temptation, which marked the first stage, failed
    and the disbelievers became convinced that they would not be able to dissuade
    the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) from his
    mission through allurements by all worldly riches.

    Thereupon, the second stage began, and they evilly thought: “If
    we cannot overcome Muhammad, we can his followers. We will torture every one
    who believes in the Message of Muhammad. We will torture them unto death, and
    only then people will turn away from him, and he will find none to believe in
    his Message.”
    Hence, the torture stage began, and it was Al-Yasser (family
    of Yasser) who presented the first martyrs in Islam. They came from Yemen and
    reverted to Islam in Mecca; the family members were Yasser, his wife Sumayah
    and ‘Amar bin Yasser (may Allah be pleased with them). Abu Jahl and the
    disbelievers strived hard to put them to trial because of their religion but
    they failed, they thus took them to the desert, and started torturing them.

    The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace)
    passed and saw them being tortured, thus he said:
    “Be patient, O
    Al-Yasser, for your tryst is Paradise.”
    Abu Jahl savagely stabbed Sumayah (may Allah
    be pleased with her) with his spear in her private parts, until he killed her
    and then her husband. Then followed the incidents of torment and persecution
    against the Muslims, who were a subjugated minority. But such torment did not
    drive anyone of them into recanting his religion, as the light of faith had
    known its way to their hearts, and they adhered fast to the True Religion.

    The one of them used to be placed naked over a torrid rock, and
    then another heavy rock would be placed over his chest, while being savagely
    whipped. But still he would say:
    “He is Allah, (the) One, He is Allah, (the)
    One.”
    Heaven was
    witnessing what was going on, and The Truth, all praise and glory be to Him,
    revealed the glorious Ayat that would keep firm the Muslims and give them the glad
    tidings of victory, hence the following glorious Ayah was revealed (saying what
    means):

    “Their multitude will be put to flight, and they will show their
    backs.” (Al-Qamar, 54: 45)

    Upon
    the revelation of this glorious Ayah ‘Umar bin Al-Khatab (may Allah be pleased
    with him) said: “What multitude and we are an
    oppressed minority?”
    But after the battle of Badr and after the
    defeat of the disbelievers and their flight, he said: “You uttered the truth, O my Lord: ‘Their multitude will be put to flight, and they will show
    their backs.’” (Al-Qamar, The Moon, 54: 45)

    Persecution Of The
    Messenger Of Allah

    The
    Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) was not safe from
    harm either. Umm Jamil – the wife of Abu Lahab – used to throw in his way filth
    and thorns, while he was heading to the Ka‘bah to offer Prayers.

    After
    the revelation of the following noble Surah (saying what means):

    “Perish the two hands of Abu Lahab (an uncle of the Prophet), and
    perish he! His wealth and his children (etc.) will not benefit him! He will be
    burnt in a Fire of blazing flames! And his wife too, who carries wood (thorns
    of Sadan which she used to put on the way of the Prophet (Peace be upon him),
    or use to slander him). In her neck is a twisted rope of Masad (palm fibre).”
    (Al-Masad, 111: 1-5)

    Umm
    Jamil hastened to the Ka‘bah, carrying a huge rock, with the evil purpose of
    throwing it over the head of the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and
    grant him peace), who was sitting beside Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with
    him), but when she looked around she could not see him, thus she asked Abu
    Bakr: “Where is your companion?” But Abu Bakr kept silent and she left.

    Abu
    Bakr then wonderingly said to the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and
    grant him peace), “She did not see you!”
    And the noble Messenger (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) replied: “Allah has taken her sight away from me.” For
    she only saw Abu Bakr.

    As for
    Abu Jahl, he went to kill the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant
    him peace) with a huge rock. He thus waited at the Ka‘bah till the Messenger of
    Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) came and prostrated himself.
    Thereupon, he hastened to execute what he plotted.

    But
    before Abu Jahl reached near the place of the Messenger of Allah (may Allah
    bless him and grant him peace), the rock fell from his hands, and he fled
    filled with horror. When Abu Jahl was asked about what had happened, he said: “I
    saw a strange monster, which was about to kill me.”
    And when the Messenger
    of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) was asked about this
    incident, he said: “That was Jibril (Gabriel), and
    if Abu Jahl had advanced but one step, he would have perished.”

    Persecution
    continued, but the Light of Allah is mightily stronger than human ways and
    plans, and each day the number of those believing in the Religion of Allah
    increased. Such Religion was of such a strength as to separate between the
    husband and his wife, the father and his son, for the believing hearts know
    nothing other than the power of faith, and adhere neither to kin nor to spouse.

    Hence,
    human plots failed to prevent the Light of Allah from penetrating the hearts.

    The Quraish’s
    Bewilderment

    “Nay, they say: “These (revelations of the Qur'an which are
    inspired to Muhammad,
    Õáì Çááå Úáíå
    æÓáã
    ) are mixed up false dreams! Nay, he has
    invented it! Nay, he is a poet! Let him then bring us an Ayâh (sign as a proof)
    like the ones (Prophets) that were sent before (with signs)! Not one of the
    towns (populations), of those which We destroyed, believed before them (though
    We sent them signs), will they then believe?” (Al-Anbiyâ’, 21: 5-6)

    The
    disbelievers of Quraish were filled with perplexity at this new religion, what
    kind of power is that, which possesses the hearts, and masters the souls, till
    they see nothing but Allah, and aspire for nothing save the Religion of Allah.
    Such power is certainly beyond human power, and they stood unable to explain
    it. They said: “A sorcerer, who bewitched people’s eyes and hearts,”
    forgetting that the bewitched loses his will before the magician, so why did
    not they also fall under his spell! And they said: “A madman.” But
    Allah, all glory be to Him, answered back such accusation by the glorious Ayah
    saying (what means):

    “[These letters (Nun, etc.) are one of the miracles of the Qur’an,
    and none but Allah (Alone) knows their meanings]. By the pen and what the
    (angels) write (in the Records of men). You (O Muhammad,
    Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã)
    are not, by the Grace of your Lord, a madman. And verily, for you (O Muhammad,
    Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã)
    will be an endless reward. And verily, you (O Muhammad,
    Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã)
    are on an exalted standard of character.” (Al-Qalam: 68: 1-4)

    Such
    retort was by all means the most eloquent, as the madman can never be of an
    exalted standard of character, for he is unaware of his conduct, and if he sat
    among people, he may without reason insult them or revile them, thus all his
    mad actions are void of any noble nature, as he is unconscious of what he is
    doing.

    They
    also said: “A poet,” forgetting that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah
    bless him and grant him peace) lived among them for forty years before the
    mission without uttering one single line of poetry, and was not renowned by
    poetic eloquence. The Noble Quran says what means:

    “That this is verily the word of an honoured Messenger [i.e. Jibril
    (Gabriel) or Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, which he has
    brought from Allah]. It is not the word of a poet, little is that you believe!
    Nor is it the word of a soothsayer (or a foreteller), little is that you
    remember! This is the Revelation sent down from the Lord of the ‘Alamin
    (mankind, jinns and all that exists). And if the messenger (Muhammad,
    Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã)
    were to invent any sayings in Our name, We surely should have seized him by his
    right hand (or with power and might), And then certainly should have cut off
    his life artery (Aorta), And none of you could withhold Us from (punishing)
    him. And verily, this Qur’an is a Reminder for the God-fearing. And verily, We
    know that there are some among you that belie (this Qur’an). And indeed it
    (this Qur’an) will be an anguish for the disbelievers (on the Day of
    Resurrection). And Verily, it (this Qur’an) is an absolute truth with
    certainty. So glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most Great.” (Al-Haqqah, 69:
    43-52)

    But
    such is the deviant nature of disbelievers; their blindness makes them fail to
    discern that their false allegations present the trustful proof on the veracity
    of the Message of Muhammad (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). Moreover,
    when the Divine Revelation was paused for a while, they said that the Lord of
    Muhammad had deserted him, not realizing that by such saying they had exposed
    themselves, for they used to claim that what was inspired to Muhammad (may
    Allah bless him and grant him peace) was not sent from a Noble Lord, but he was
    rather deluding them. Thus, when the Revelation was paused for a while, they
    admitted that Muhammad (may Allah please him and grant him peace) had a Lord,
    Who inspired him. They passed around: “The Lord of Muhammad has deserted
    him,”
    without paying heed that they were thus proving his Message, and
    proving that there was truly a Revelation sent down from Allah upon His
    Messenger (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). On account of this
    incident the following glorious Ayah was revealed, saying (what means):

    “By the forenoon (after sun-rise); and by the night when it is
    still (or darkens); Your Lord (O Muhammad,
    Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã) has neither
    forsaken you nor hated you. And indeed the Hereafter is better for you than the
    present (life of this world). And verily, your Lord will give you (all i.e.
    good) so that you shall be well-pleased.” (Ad-Duha, 93: 1-5)

    The Islam Of The
    First Muslims

    Such
    incidents drive us to ask ourselves: why did Allah leave the first Muslims face
    such torture? Was not Allah, all praise and glory be to Him, capable of
    granting victory to His Religion from the first day, and to suppress the
    persecution of the disbelievers against the followers of the Messenger of Allah
    (may Allah bless him and grant him peace)? Why did Allah, all praise and glory
    be to Him, choose that orphan, illiterate Messenger to shoulder the last
    religion addressed to the whole universe?

    Was
    not Allah, all praise and glory be to Him, capable of sending down His Message
    to one of the chiefs among the tribes of Mecca, who possessed both power and
    wealth? Was not that possible? In such case the number of believers would have
    been great, the Call would have been easier to prevail, and resistance to the
    Call would have been less. Indeed, this was what the disbelievers desired.

    Allah,
    all praise and glory be to Him, transmits to us that picture saying (what
    means):

    “And they say: ‘Why is not this Qur’an sent down to some great man
    of the two towns (Mecca and Tâ’if)?’” (Az-Zukhruf, 43: 31)

    Our
    answer to these questions is that Allah, all praise and glory be to Him, wanted
    for His religion to have the powerful start of true faith. He wanted believers
    in this religion, who would crave for nothing and ask for nothing except
    Paradise, and their entering into Islam is pure from any desire of worldly
    gains. Those prime Muslims are the ones that Allah, praise and glory be to Him,
    has chosen to shoulder the deliverance of the Message to the entire world.
    Therefore, if their entry into religion was not born out of genuine faith, they
    would have swerved from Islam and its teachings for the sake of worldly life.
    But their Lord wanted that the faith filling their hearts, the whole world
    would not shake.   

    Had
    this religion descended upon one of the chiefs of Mecca, people would have
    embraced it out of hypocrisy and dissemblance, in quest of worldly benefit; exactly
    as hypocrites gather around the ruler, who possesses power and authority, to
    achieve personal interest. But should his power end, they would disperse away
    from him.

    If
    Islam had started by attracting hypocrites and seekers of worldly life, it would
    have ended, once the caller to this religion passed away or lost worldly power.
    But Islam had to arise from hearts filled with the Light of Allah. The one of
    them used to be severely tortured, nevertheless he never abandoned his
    religion, even killed while still repeating the words,
    “There is not god but Allah, and Muhammad is the
    Messenger of Allah.”

    They had their wealth and possessions usurped, suffered painful torture, and
    experienced horrors but never did their faith waver. Thus, the first believers only
    wished for Paradise, growing invincible in the face of torment, uninfluenced by
    worldly ways, for their faith was stronger than the entire world.

    About
    the trial of faith, Allah, all praise and glory be to Him, says (what means):

    “Did you think that you would enter Paradise without Allah testing
    those of you who fought hard (in His Cause) and those who remained steadfast??”
    (Âl-‘Imrân, 3: 142)

    Faith Not Wealth

    For
    this reason we find that when Suhaib, the Roman, (may Allah be pleased with
    him) wanted to emigrate to Medina, the disbelievers made his setting off
    conditional on his leaving behind all his wealth in Mecca, but he did not
    hesitate to do so. When the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant
    him peace) learned about his sacrifice, he said: “The
    winning deal, the winning deal.”

    Islam
    came to build man firmly from inside, but why?  Because man is the master of this universe, if he is well
    built, he will master the world. But if he is wrongly built, he will establish
    no civilization: a law living to the present day, and will continue till the
    Day of Judgment. If we take Japan as an example from our contemporary era, we
    find that it is one of the richest countries of the world, and the most
    developed in industry, though it possesses no raw materials on which any
    industry can be established.

    On the
    other hand, there are other countries that possess all the fundamentals
    necessary for the establishment of industries, from raw materials and natural
    resources, yet not a single industry is established. There are also countries
    that possess agricultural lands enough to feed the whole world, despite that it
    suffers from famine and drought, and export food from foreign countries.

    Thus,
    the influential factor in building human civilization is man, if he was rightly
    guided everything would follow a straight course, but if he was corrupt,
    everything will slope downward. For that reason, Islam greatly cared to build
    the Muslim having a strong faith, in order to be the master on the earth. That
    is why as long as Muslims firmly adhere to their religion, they grow ever more
    superior, advanced, and civilized. But when they drift away from their
    religion, they will only become retarded and weak.

    All
    this illustrates the importance of strong construction of Muslims in the first
    days of the Call. To give an ideal model of the person who conquers worldly
    life, and the whole world can never shake him, because he desires nothing of
    it. That is why when Khalid bin Al-Walid (may Allah be pleased with him) marched
    to fight the Persians he said: “I have come to you
    with men, who loves death, just as you love life.”

    That
    is how the first Muslims were like, their eyes fixedly focused on the
    Hereafter. They shouldered the Call and delivered it to the entire world. Thus,
    they presented the good example and the ideal model that encouraged people to
    enter into Islam. The callers to a religion must themselves be
    role
    models
    , or else none
    will listen to them. This applies on religion alone, and does not necessarily
    apply to other branches of knowledge in life. As people can acquire knowledge
    from a corrupt chemist, or can go to a physician, who does not abide by ethics,
    or any professor of worldly knowledge who disregards moral values. But they can
    never acquire their religion except from someone who adheres fast to the rules
    and ethics of religion and high noble behavior, and they shun him if there is
    something notorious about his conduct.

    The
    period of persecution lasted for years, during which the disbelievers attempted
    to convince Banu ‘Abdul-Mutalib to hand over to them the Messenger of Allah
    (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), but Banu ‘Abdul-Mutalib rejected
    such demand, especially Abu Talib, the uncle of the Messenger of Allah (may
    Allah bless him and grant him peace), who refused to desert his nephew and hand
    him to the disbelievers.

    Henceforth,
    the disbelievers started to devise other means, which was to boycott Banu
    Abdul-Mutalib, till they hand over to them the Messenger of Allah (may Allah
    bless him and grant him peace) and completely desert him. Thus, Muslims
    migrated to Abyssinia, and its King, An-Najashy (Negus: King of Abyssinia),
    refused to hand over the Muslims to the disbelievers of the Quraish.

    The
    prevalence of Islam among tribes envenomed the disbelieving hearts of the
    Quraish with more spite and malice. Thus, they gathered at the Ka‘bah, and
    vowed to boycott Banu Abdul-Mutalib, and wrote down a proclamation, where they
    pledged not to have any business dealings with them nor any sort of inter-marriage.
    They then hung the unjust parchment inside the Ka’bah. But when the Quraish
    signed such pact, Banu Hashim, and Banu Abdul-Mutalib sided with Abu Talib and
    joined him in his confinement within the narrow pass (Shi‘b of Abu Talib),
    except for Abu Lahab, who was from Banu Hashim.

    Boycott Against Banu
    Hashim

    Thus,
    the Quraish besieged Banu Hashim, barring food from them. They tightened the
    grip of the siege over them, so hard that their children used to eat the leaves
    of the trees. Under such horrible siege the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless
    him and grant him peace) was inspired that Allah made the termites eat the
    parchment of aggression and injustice which the Quraish wrote, leaving only the
    words
    “In the Name of Allah.” Thereupon, Abu Talib asked the
    Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace): “Who informed you with this?” And the Messenger
    of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) replied: “It is a Revelation from Heaven.”

    د‘Abdul-Mutalib

    went to the disbelievers of the Quraish and told them what the Messenger of
    Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) had informed him, and their
    answer was: “If it is true, we would end the siege.” Thus, they went,
    opened the door of the Ka’bah and entered to see the parchment, but they found
    it completely eaten by the termites except the words
    “In the Name of Allah” [those parts that
    bore the Name of Almighty Allah
    ].

    Hence,
    the third phase failed, which was the war of starvation waged by the
    disbelievers against the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him
    peace) and Muslims, just as the strategy of allurement by money and worldly
    supremacy before it failed. And so did the strategy of torturing. The
    disbelievers were left no other choice but to conspire to kill the Messenger of
    Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). Putting a scheme to accomplish
    that end without subjecting themselves to the reprisal of Banu Hashim. Such
    conspiracy took place on the eve of the Hijrah [Emigration from Mecca to
    Medina].

    Destiny
    had it that Khadijah and Abu Talib should both die in the same year, which was
    called
    “The Year of Sorrow.” By their death, the Messenger of
    Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) lost the protection given to
    him by his uncle Abu Talib, who refused to desert him for he was his nephew,
    whom his brother died leaving him an orphan, and he considered him as a son,
    and Khadijah, the tender wife who used to soothe the Messenger of Allah (may
    Allah bless him and grant him peace). With their deaths, he lost the inner
    protection provided by his wife Khadijah, and the outer protection provided by
    his uncle. Nevertheless, he never lost the Protection of The One who has
    neither forsaken him nor hated him. The One who made his Hereafter better to
    him than the present life

    of this world.

    Whenever
    the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) returned home
    loaded with distress and grief for the hurt and persecution he suffered at the
    hands of the disbelievers of the Quraish, and their torturing of the Muslims,
    Khadijah used to console him, soothe him, dispel his grief, and keep talking to
    him till his soul regained tranquility and peace, and he became ready for a new
    day of calling and striving. By the death of Khadijah and Abu Talib the
    persecution of the disbelievers against the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless
    him and grant him peace) and the believers aggravated.

    Heading To At-Tâ’if

    The
    Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) was no more able to
    bear the harm done to him in Mecca. Therefore, he decided to walk with his Call
    out of Mecca perhaps he might find support. Thus, he went to At-Ta’if [A region
    of Saudi Arabia near Mecca and Medina] calling its people to Islam, thinking
    that they would respond favorably to him. But instead of responding to him the
    people of At-Ta’if set their sons and brutes against him, hurting him, hurling
    stones at him till his noble feet bled. The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless
    him and grant him peace) took shelter in a garden, where he sat to rest after
    he had made the most of earthly causes, and after he exerted his utmost effort
    to spread the Religion of Allah, and convey His Message. He sat there after all
    earthly means had forsaken him, and turned to Allah, The Bestower, The Causer,
    lifting his noble hands towards Heaven, and praying:

    “O Allah! To You do I complain of my weakness, and of my
    helplessness, and of people’s disregard for me. O Most Merciful of the
    merciful! You are The Lord of the oppressed, and You are my Lord. To whom do
    You abandon me? Is it to a stranger, who would frown on me? Or is it to an
    enemy, to  whom You have given
    mastery over me? If You are not angry with me, then I do not care. But Your Protection
    is the more all-embracing to me. I seek refuge in the Light of Your
    Countenance, whereby all darkness has shone, and by which the affairs of
    worldly life and the Hereafter have been set right, lest You
    send upon me Your Anger, or Your Wrath descends upon
    me. Yours Alone is the right to blame till You are Content, and there is
    neither power nor might except through You.”

    Heaven Never To
    Abandon The Prophet

    A
    superb supplication that perfectly embodies all the constituents of faith and certainty,
    for Allah would never let down His Messenger (may Allah bless him and grant him
    peace). When the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace)
    exhausted all earthly ways and means, he turned to Heaven. And at once, the
    Gates of Heaven shook to the voice of the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless
    him and grant him peace), and The Truth, Blessed and Exalted be He, wanted to
    teach His Messenger (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) that if the
    people of the earth thus treated him, this does not mean that Heaven had
    forsaken him.

    And if
    Allah, Whose Majesty reigns supreme, had first left the Messenger of Allah (may
    Allah bless him and grant him peace) to the earthly causes in order to strive
    with them, it was for the purpose that he should serve as a superior example to
    his nation in making the most of worldly causes together with heavenly support.
    Allah wanted to honor him, and show him from the secrets of the world what no
    human has ever seen before. The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and
    grant him peace) had never for one day lacked the Support of Allah to him. But
    Allah, Blessed and Exalted be He, wanted to raise from the nation of Muhammad
    (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) those who would convey His Message to
    the whole world, and the preparation had to be proportionate to the greatness
    of the mission. So that when the earth unfolds its treasures, adornments, and
    palaces before them, it shall never sway them away from the Law of Allah. And
    the love of worldly life would never step inside their hearts. For the love of
    Allah and that of worldly life can never live together in one heart.

    That was the phase of
    spiritual preparation, and by the Messenger’s lifting both hands towards Heaven
    and praying came the miracle of Al-Isra (the Night Journey) [The
    miraculous night journey during which the Prophet, may Allah bless him and
    grant him peace, was taken from Al-Masjid Al-Haram (at Mecca) to the Al-Aqsa
    Masjid (in Jerusalem)]
    and Al-Mi‘raj (the Ascension to Heaven) [The
    miraculous ascension of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,
    from Jerusalem to the Heavens to meet his Lord]
    .

     

     

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