By: Salah Ed-Din A. Nefeily

Al-Fatiha, the Opening chapter of the muslims' glorious book Al -Quran.
Sura "Al-Fatiha"
Introduction to 'Al-Fatiha':
Al -Qur'an, The Muslim's Glorious Book:
Interpretation of the Qur'an (Tafsir)
Translating the meanings of the Qur'an
Sura Al-Fatiha Verse One
Verse Two
Verse Three
Verse Four
Verse Five
Verse six
Verse Seven
Translations of the meanings of the Quran are used in this book
The following interpretations 0f the Quran were used in the book

Islambasics Library: Highlights On the meaning of Al-Fatiha

Verse Three:


                                         الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ {الفاتحة/3}

"The All and Ever merciful , the Compassionate.”


When Allah describes Himself in verse two as the Lord of the Worlds, He, soon, wants to make people feel at ease when he describes Himself in the third verse as the 'All and Ever-Merciful] 'the Compassionate’ According t0 Ash-Shaarawi, these attributes of Allah d0 not express different degrees 0f mercy. Each 0f A1lah's attributes represents its ultimate quality. The two attributes are different attributes rather than different degrees 0f the same attribute (48). These two attributes are used here to help a person overcome his feelings of guilt in case he has sinned against Allah. Allah is merciful even to the sinners and disbelievers. He sustains them and keeps them alive. This verse implants hope in sinners.

It is narrated that some of the creations of Allah like earth and the skies will be dissatisfied with Man's sins. They will ask Allah to send them for the destruction of sinners. Allah, mercifully, will calm them down and say that Man is His own creation and He will take care of him. He corrects them; "If you had created Man, you would have been merciful to him. lf Man repents, he will be in My company and if he does not repent, I will be his Healer" (Shaarawi 61 ).

Shihata explains that the attribute 'Ar-rahman` means that Allah is merciful in himself and that mercy is part of His being. The attribute "Ar-Rahim" refers to the application of this attribute of mercy to His creation. The relationship between the two attributes of /Rahman/ and /Rahim/ according to Shihata is similar to the relationship between the two attiributes "rich" and "generous". The word "rich" refers to the existence of the quality of having much money. The attiribute "generous" extends the attribute of being "rich" to others (13). This conception of a loving and merciful God is different from The Greek and Roman conception of revengeful and resentful gods. Muhammad Hisham Ed-Dieb says that the two attributes Ar-rahman and Ar-rahim refer to Allah's mercy when he sent his Prophet Muhammad to human beings (16).

Sayyid Qutb explains that we, as readers, should not very much concern ourselves with the difference between the two attributes /Ar-rahman/ and /Ar-rahim/. It is sufficient to know that the two attributes cover all kinds and aspects of mercy in both this and the After-life (24). Allah's emphasis on the attributes of mercy in this first chapter of the Qur'an reminds us of His loving nature. In so many of his sayings, Allah indicates that His mercy precedes His anger.

Ar-Razi explains that when a reader uses one of the attributes of Allah in his prayers, he implicitly asks Allah to exercise this attribute on him. When, for example, he says 'O. Allah, you are the All and Ever-Merciful] he implicitly asks Allah to exercise His mercy on him and so is the case with all other names and qualities of Allah (Vol.l: 128).

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