By: Salah Ed-Din A. Nefeily


Acknowledgements
Preface
Al-Fatiha, the Opening chapter of the muslims' glorious book Al -Quran.
Sura "Al-Fatiha"
Introduction to 'Al-Fatiha':
Al -Qur'an, The Muslim's Glorious Book:
Interpretation of the Qur'an (Tafsir)
Translating the meanings of the Qur'an
Sura Al-Fatiha Verse One
Verse Two
Verse Three
Verse Four
Verse Five
Verse six
Verse Seven
Ameen
Translations of the meanings of the Quran are used in this book
The following interpretations 0f the Quran were used in the book
References
Index

Islambasics Library: Highlights On the meaning of Al-Fatiha

Sura Al –Fatiha

 Verse One:

 

بِسْمِ اللّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

"ln the Name of Allah, the All and Ever-Merciful, the Compassionate?

This verse begins all chapters of the Qur'an except for chapter nine which does not start with this verse. However, it is considered as an introductory verse to the chapters except for Al-Fatiha in which it is counted as a full verse. The first verse of the Qur'an revealed to the Prophet Muhammad teaches us that we should start our reading of the Qur'an with the name of Allah:

اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ {العلق/1}

"Read in the name of your Lord" (96:1). Being in the companionship of Allah, the reader of the Qur'an hopes to understand some of the secrets of the Qur'an. As a matter of fact, Allah teaches Muslims that they should observe His presence in all of their actions. ln Sura 18, Allah establishes this principle at the hearts of Muslims. He says;

وَلَا تَقُولَنَّ لِشَيْءٍ إِنِّي فَاعِلٌ ذَلِكَ غَدًا {الكهف/23} إِلَّا أَن يَشَاء اللَّهُ وَاذْكُر رَّبَّكَ إِذَا نَسِيتَ وَقُلْ عَسَى أَن يَهْدِيَنِ رَبِّي لِأَقْرَبَ مِنْ هَذَا رَشَدًا {الكهف/24}

"And never say of anything 'l shall do such a thing tomorrow except with saying if Allah will" (23-24). The fact that one will remember Allah before taking any decision will discourage him from doing evil. He will be ashamed to do wrong if he has to remember his Lord beforehand.

The word 'Allah' is unique in Arabic. lt has no dual case nor does it have a plural. It has no feminine case as most nouns in Arabic do. Hence, its very morphological structure implies the oneness of Allah. The word 'Allah' refers to a concept, which is completely different from the Greco-Roman concept of God. The Greeks and Romans knew different gods for different concepts in life. They had a god of war, a goddess of nature, etc.

The word "Allah" can be divided into two words, /aala/ and /lahu/. The first word means "goes back" and the second one means "to him". The combination of the two words means that Allah is the one to whom everything goes back and relies on. The word /Allah/ also refers to the word /walaha/ in Arabic which means 'to love intensely'. It is a kind of love, which brings peace of mind to the person who feels it. Verse 28 of Sura 13 reads:

أَلاَ بِذِكْرِ اللّهِ تَطْمَئِنُّ الْقُلُوبُ {الرعد/28}

 

"Verily, in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find rest". Allah encourages people to seek refuge in Him. He says:

فَفِرُّوا إِلَى اللَّهِ{الذاريات/50}

“So flee to Allah”  (51:20).

ln the first verse of Sura Al-Fatiha the name 'Allah' is used to refer to the Super Being Who is worthy of being worshipped. lt is the name which implies all other names and attributes of Allah.

The word 'Ar-rahman' which is translated here as 'the All and Ever Merciful' is an intensive form of the word "rahma," meaning general mercy. The word 'Rahim', translated here as the Compassionate, refers to the mercy of Allah which He exercises on people on the Day of Judgment. The first word /rahman/ is more inclusive because it refers to Allah's exercise of mercy in this life and in the After-life. It is more general than the adjective /rahim/ because it covers the good and the bad, whereas the word /rahim/ refers to Allah's mercy on the Day of Judgment which He exercises only on those who deserve it. Sheikh Tantawi Johary explains that the word /rahman/ o refers to Allah's great blessings as the creation of earth and the sky and that the word /rahim/ refers to the minute and specific blessings as shaping eyelashes in a way that permits light to go through them and prevents dust from penetrating them. (26). the word /rahman/ is used only in connection with Allah, whereas the word /rahim/ may be applied to Allah and to human beings. The word /rahim/, for example, is used in verse 128 of Sura 9 to describe the Prophet Muhammad in his relationship with believers.

A Muslim is urged to praise and to thank Allah whenever he remembers any of Allah`s blessings. Thanking Allah for His blessings makes a Muslim aware of the proper use of these blessings. Whenever he remembers the blessing of sight, for example, he thanks Allah for it. He will also know that Allah can take it away any time. He should then make good use of it before it is gone. When Allah is pleased with the way a person uses the blessing, He will keep His blessings with the person and will give him more. Allah says:

وَإِذْ تَأَذَّنَ رَبُّكُمْ لَئِن شَكَرْتُمْ لأَزِيدَنَّكُمْ وَلَئِن كَفَرْتُمْ إِنَّ عَذَابِي لَشَدِيدٌ {إبراهيم/7}

"If you give thanks for my blessings, I will give you more of them, but if you are thankless, then I may send my wrath on you" (I4: 7). A Muslim knows that all the blessings he enjoys are from Allah. In sura I6, verse 53

Allah says:

وَمَا بِكُم مِّن نِّعْمَةٍ فَمِنَ اللّهِ{النحل/53}

"And whatever of blessings and good things you have, it is from Allah".

 


misconceptions about islam , Misconceptions On Human Rights In Islam , Muhamed no 1 , Muhammad the Greatest , MUHAMMAD'S PROPHETHOOD , Muhummed The Natural Successor To Christ , Muslim character , Muslim guide to Jehovah s witness , Muslim Response To Christian Response , Muslim-Christian Dialogue , My Dear Beloved Son or Daughter , night prayers during Ramadan , nullifiers of Islam , OH! YOU!! HINDU AWAKE! , On Cosmic Verses in The Quran , order in Islam , OUR MESSAGE , Peace from an Islamic standpoint , PEACE IN ISLAM , PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT IN ISLAM , PILGRIMAGE ORGANIZING INSTRUCTIONS , Pitfalls in the Quest for Knowledge , Polygyny: The wisdom of love , prayer and Ramadan , Prayer in Congregation , Principles of Islamic Faith (Al-`Aqidah Al-Wasitiyah) , Priorities of The Islamic Movement in The Coming Phase , PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS , Prohibitions that are taken too lightly , Proof of The Preservation of the Quran , PROPHET MUHAMMAD - THE INFINITE LIGHT , PROPHET OF ISLAM  MUHAMMED and  SOME OF HIS TRADITIONS , prophets stories , purpose of life , quran dictionary , Religion Of Islam , respond to the call of the prayer , Resurrection or Resuscitation , Rulings on divorce and connected matters in the Qur aan , ryad elsaleheen , SACRIFICE - The Making of a Muslim , Sahih Bukhari , Sahih Muslim , SALMAN THE PERSIAN , SCIENCE EDUCATION AND RELIGIOUS VALUES , seventy ways to earn reward , SHARI'AH - THE WAY TO GOD , shytan his ways of misleading , Social Laws in Islam , SOURCE METHODOLOGY IN ISLAMIC JURISPRUDENCE: , SPOTLIGHTS ON ISLAM , ST PAUL , status of women , Stories of new Muslims , stories of the prophets , STUDIES IN ISLAM SERIES ISLAM AND CONTEMPORARY ECONOMIC THEORIES , Supplication and its manners, times, conditions, mistakes , Tafseer Ayat Al-Kursi , Tafsir of surat alfatiha , The 2 Eids , The Abridgments of the prophet's prayer , The Amazing Quran , The Aqeedah of the Pious Predecessors , The Arab's Impact on European Civilization , The Authentic Creed And the Invalidators of Islam , The basis of Muslim belief , The beard , The book of knowledge , The Buddhas of Bamyan , The Call For The Unity Of Religions: true of false , The Causes Responsible for Materialist Tendencies in the West , THE CHALLENGE OF ISLAM , The Character of the Companions , The compilation of hadith , THE CONSEQUENCE OF ATTRIBUTING LINEAGES TO A MAN WHO HAD NO LINEAGE , The Creed of Al-Bukhari , The creed of the sahabah , The Criterion , The DAY of WRATH , The Declaration of Faith , The Difference between Advising and Condemning , The Essence of Economic Policy in Importance of Islamic Economics , The Establishment of Proof , THE ETERNAL MESSAGE OF MUHAMMAD , The Ethics of Disagreement in Islam , THE ETIIQUETTES OF MARRIIAGE AND WEDDIING , The evil consequences of adultery , The Evil of Smoking  , The Face Veil , THE FINALITY OF PROPHETHOOD , The fiqh of hajj for women , The Foundations of the Islamic Belief , The fundamentals of Islam , The Glorious Quran English Translation , The God That Never Was , The Good End , The Hardening of the Heart , The ideal Muslim , The ideal muslimah , THE IDEOLOGICAL ATTACK , The Importance of Straightening the Ranks in Prayer  , The Islamic Call , THE JUSTICE OF GOD, HIS MERCY, PROMISE AND THREAT , The Last Sermon Of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH , The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam , The Life of Muhammad , The life of this world , The Light of the Prophet , The Magnifying Glass On Clarifying Many Common Errors , The manners of a scholar and student of knowledge , The Many Dangers of the Tongue , The Meaning of Our Testimony that Muhammad (peace be upon him) is the Messenger of Allah ,