By: ULFAT AZIZ-US-SAMAD


Inside Cover
Copy Rights
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION
THE GOSPELS AND THE QURAN
Composition & Character of the Gospels
The Unreliability of the Gospels
The Authenticity of the Quran
JESUS AND MUHAMMAD
The Life and Mission of Jesus Christ
The Prophet Muhammad
The Ideal Character
Historicity
Complete Model
THE DOCTRINES OF ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY
The Trinity
The Divinity of Jesus
The Divine Sonship
The Original Sin
God's Justice.
The Blood Atonement.
Islam: A Rational Religion
THE MORAL TEACHIN GS OF ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY
Non-resistance to Evil
Monasticism and Celibacy
Wine, Sex, Gambling
ISLAM: A UNIVERSAL RELIGION
The Status of Women in Islam and Christianity
Elimination of Slavery
Political Constitution
The Economics of Islam
Religious Freedom
The Universal Brotherhood of Islam

Islambasics Library: Islam & Christianty

Chapter 4

THE MORAL TEACHIN GS OF ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY

Both Islam and Christianity exhort men to virtuous deeds and pious life. They condemn falsehood, dishonesty, hypocrisy, injustice, cruelty, pride, ungratefulness, treachery, intemperance, lust, sloth, jealously, selfishness, apathy, hurtful speech, anger and violence. Both enjoin upon their followers faith and trust in God, repentance, truth, purity, courage, justice, charity, benevolence, sympathy, mercy, self-control, and uprightness. The chief virtues enjoined by Islam and Christianity alike may be grouped under two headings. Firstly, those that prevent a man from injuring the life, property and honor of others, such as chastity, honesty, peacefulness, and politeness. Secondly, those that prompt a man to do good to others, such as mercy, forgiveness, truthfulness, courage, patience, sympathy, kindness, and love.

 

Now I shall give a brief summary of the moral teachings of Islam and Christianity in the words of the Scriptures of the two religions.

 

 

 

CHRISTIANITY

 

ISLAM

 

 

Chasity

 

 

" ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, thou shalt not commit adultery: but I say unto you, that whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after he hath committed adultery with her already in his heart".

 

(Mathew 5:27:28)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(And come not near unto adultery (totally abstain from its preliminaries and everything that is likely to lead unto it). Lo! It is an abomination and an evil way) (the quran 17:32) (draw not nigh to lewd things. Whether open or concealed)

(6:152)

 

"The adultery of the eye is to look with an eye of desire on the wife of another, and the adultery of the tongue is to utter what is forbidden". ( sayings of Muhammad)

 

 

peacefulness

 

 

"Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves: by ye therefore wise as serpents, and harmless as doves". (Mathew 5:5)

 

 

"Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called the children of god". (Mathew 5:9)

 

(Whosoever killeth a human being … it shall be as if he had killed all mankind, and who so saveth the life of one, it shall be as if he had saved the life of ail mankind). (Qur'an 5:32)

 

"A muslim is he from whose tongue and hands people are safe, and a muhagir is he who forsakes what god has forbidden". (sayings of Muhammad)

 

"Shall I inform you of a better act than fasting, alms and prayers? Making peace between one another, enmity and malice tear up heavenly rewards by the roots".  (Sayings of Muhammad).

 

 

Politeness

 

 

"But I say unto you, that whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, thou fool, shall be in danger of Hell fire." (Mathew 5:22)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Turn not your cheek in scorn and anger towards folk nor walk with pertness in the land. Lo! God loveth not each bragger braggart boaster. Be modest in your bearing and subdue your voices. Lo! The harshest of all voces is the voice of an ass.) (Qur'an 31:18,19)

 

(O ye who believe! Let not folk deride a folk who may be better than they are, nor let women deride women who may be better than they are, neither defame one another nor insult one another by nicknames. It is evil to call by a bad name after faith. And who so turneth not in repentance, such are evildoers. O ye who believe! Shun much suspicion, for lo! Some suspicion is a sin. And spy not, neither backbite one another.) (Qur'an 49:11,12)

 

"A man cannot be a Muslim till his heart and tongue are so". (sayings of Muhammad)

 

 

Honesty

 

 

"Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house; thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his man servant nor his ox, nor his ass, nor anything that is thy neighbour's."

 (Exodus 20:17)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(And covet not the things in which god hath made some of you excel others. Unto men a fortune from that which they have earned, and unto women a fortune from that which they have earned) (Qur'an 4:32)

 

(and eat not up your property among yourselves in vanity, nor seek by it to gain the hearing of the judges that ye may knowingly

 

devour a portion of the property of others wrongfully) (Qur'an 2:188)

 

(Give full measure, and be not of those who give less than the due. And weigh with the true balance. Wrong not mankind in their goods, and do not evil, making mischief in the earth) (Qur'an 26:181-183)

 

"On the day of resurrection I shall be the adversary in dispute of a person … who employs a servant and receives fully the labor due from him, then does not pay his full remuneration."

(saying of Muhammad)

 

 

Truth and Justice

 

 

"Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour". (Exodus 20:16) "thou shalt not respect persons, neither take a gift, for a gift doth blind the eyes of the wise, and pervert the words of the righteous. That which altogether just shalt follow, that thou mayest live and inherit the land which the lord thy god givest thee".

(Deuteronomy 16:19,20)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(O ye who believe! Be steadfast witnesses for god in equity, and let not hatred of any people for you seduce you that ye deal not justly. Deal justly, that is nearer to your duty. Observe your duty to God. Lo! God is informed of what ye do) 

(Qur'an 5:8)

 

(O ye who believe! Be ye staunch in justice, witnesses for god, even though it be against yourselves or your parents or your kindred, whether the case be of a rich man or a poor man, for god is nearer unto both than ye are. So follow not passion lest ye lapse or fall away, then Lo! God is Ever-informed of what ye do) (Qur'an 4:135)

 

"No man is true in the truest sense of the word but he who is true in word, in deed and in though" (sayings of Muhammad)

 

 

Courage and patience

 

 

"And brother shall deliver up the brother to death, and the father the child, and the children shall rise up against their parents and cause them to be put to death and ye shall be hated of

 

All men for my name's sake: but he that endureth to the end shall be saved. But when they presecute you in this city, flee ye into another: for verily I say unto you, ye shall not have gone over the cities of Israel, till the son of man become… fear them not therefore: for there is nothing covered that shall not be revealed, and hid that shall not be known. What I tell you in darkness, that speak ye in light: and what ye hear in the ear, that preach, ye upon the housetops. And fear not them that kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell"

(Matthew 10:21 – 28)

 

 

(observe your duty to god. Lo! God is informed of what ye do)  (Qur'an 5:8)

 

(O ye who believe! Seek help in patience and

 

Prayer. Lo! God is with the patient) 

(Qur'an 2:153)

 

(And surely we shall try you with something of fear and hunger, and loss of wealth and lives and crops: but give glad tidings to the patient and the steadfast, who say when a misfortune striketh them: Lo! We are god's and lo! Unto him we are returning)  (Qur'an 2:155,156)

 

(those unto whom men said: Lo! The people have gathered against you, therefore fear them. The treat of danger but increased the faith of them and they cried: God is sufficient for us! Most excellent is he in whom we trust)  (Qur'an 3:173)

 

 

Forgiveness

 

 

"Peter said unto him, Lord, how oft shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? Till seven times? Jesus saith unto him, I say unto him, I say not unto thee, until seven times: but, until seventy times seven". (Matthew 18:22)

 

 

 

 

 

(And vie one with another for forgiveness from your lord, and for paradise as wide as the heavens and the earth, prepared for those who ward off evil, those who spend of that which God hath given them on others, in ease and adversity, those who control their wrath and are forgiving torward mankind, god loveth the doers of good to others)  (Qur'an 3:134)

 

(Many of the people of the scripture (i.e., followers of the other revealed religions) long to make you disbelievers after your belief, through envy on their own account, after the truth hath become manifest unto them. Forgive and be indulgent toward them until God give command. Lo!  God is able to do all things)  (Qur'an 2:109)

 

(So pardon them and ask forgiveness for them and consult them upon the conduct of affairs)  (Qur'an 3:159)

 

 

Doing Good to others

 

 

"And jesus answered ansd said a certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell

 

among thieves, which stripped him of his raiment, and wounded him, and departed, leaving him half dead. And by chance there came down a certain priest that way, and when he saw him, he passed by on the other side. And likewise a levite, when he was at the place came, looked on him, and passed by on the other side. But a certain Samaritan, as he journeyed came where he was, and when he saw him, he has compassion on him, and went to him, and bound up his wounds, pouring in oil and wine, and set him on his own beast, and brought him to an inn, and took care of him. And on the morrow when he departed, he took out two pence, and gave them to the host, and said unto him, take care of him, and whatsoever thou spendest more, when I come again, I will repay thee. Which now of these three, thinkest thou, was neighbor unto him that fell among the thieves? And he said, he that showed mercy on him. Then said jesus unto him, go, and do thou likewise."  (Luke 10:30-37)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Hast thou observed him who belieeth religion? That is he who repelleth the orphan and urgeth

 

not the feeding of the needy. Ah, woe unto worshipers who are heedless of their prayer, who would be seen at worship, yet refuse small kindnesses!)  (Qur'an 107:1-7)

 

(those who spend their wealth in the way of god, and afterward make not reproach and injury to follow that which they have spent, their reward is with their lord, and there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve. A kind word with forgiveness is better than almsgiving followed by injury. God is absolute, clement: O ye who believe! Render not vain your almsgiving by reproach and injury, like him who spendeth his wealth only to be seen of men and believeth not in god and the last day.)  (Qur'an 2:262-264)

 

"All god's creatures are his family, and he is the most beloved of god who tries to do the greatest good to god's creatures". (Sayings of Muhammad)

 

"What actions are the most excellent? To gladden the heart of a human being, to feed the hungry, to help the afflicted, to lighten the sorrow of the sorrowful, and to remove the wrongs of the injured"  (Sayings Of Muhammad)

 

 

Love And Sympathy

 

 

"Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself"  (mark 12:31).

 

"A new commandment I give unto you, that ye love one another: as I have loved you, that ye also love one another. By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one to another"  (John 13:34,35).

 

 

 

 

"Do you love your creator? Love your fellow-creatures first."  (sayings of Muhammad)

 

"No man is a true believer unless he desires for his brother that which he desires for himself." (sayings of Muhammad)

 

"Thou wilt see the faithful in their having mercy for one another and their kindness towards one another like the body, when one member of its ails, the entire body ails, one part calling out the other with sleeplessness and fever."  (sayings of Muhammad)

 


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