By: Haya Muhammad Ahmed Eid


Al-Azhar Al-Sharif Authorization for the Book
Introducing the Prophet of Mercy
A Word Picture
Why Muhammadr?
Mercy upon Mankind
Arise and Warn!
Psychological Warfare
1. A sorcerer! A madman! A liar! Rather, he is a poet!
2. Never will we show belief until we have a share of your prophethood
3. Shall we believe in you while you are followed by the lowest of people?
4. We will make you our king
5. Prostrate before our gods to prostrate before your God!
6. Turn Mount As-Safa into gold for us to believe you!
7. After dying and becoming dust, shall we then be resurrected?
8. Allah did not reveal anything to a human being
9. You are not a Messenger!
10. Is this the one whom Allah has sent as a Messenger?
11. Has Allah sent a human Messenger?
12. It is only a human being who teaches you
13. Do not listen to this Qur'an!
14. If we wish we can say the like of this Qur'an
15. Bring us a Qur'an other than this or change it!
16. If this is the truth, rain down upon us stones from the sky!
17. Your God has forsaken you
Power of the Word "la illaha ella Allah"
I Am the Prophet, No Lying
Bestowed Mercy
Tolerance Together With Mercy
On the Road of Hijrah
A New World
To Those Who Are Being Fought
Full Moon Has Shone
Building the City of Light
Cornerstones
First Cornerstone: Return of Mankind to Allah
Second Cornerstone: Binding Muslims to One Another
Third Cornerstone: Binding Muslims to Non-Muslims
On One Ship
Free People
Plant It
Writing to Kings
Hindering the Path
Divine Victory
Back to Homeland
Straight Path
Followers of the Path
Verdant Shade
REFERENCES

Islambasics Library: Muhammad the Prophet of Mercy

11. Has Allah sent a human Messenger?

The disbelievers considered it too implausible that Allah would send a human messenger. This delusion originated from their inability to appreciate their worth as human beings, and the honor that Allah has conferred upon humankind over His other creatures. It also originated from their inability to understand the nature of the universe and that of angels1. Allah says U:

(And nothing prevented the people from believing when guidance came to them except that they said, “Has Allah sent a human as (His) Messenger?” Say, “If there were angels walking peacefully on the earth, We would have sent down to them from the heaven an angel as a Messenger.”)2

They attacked the Prophet’s humanity and used it as basis for raising doubts about his Message and rejecting it. Allah says U:

(With their hearts distracted, those who do wrong conceal their private counsels, (saying), “Is this (Prophet) except a human being like you? Will you submit to magic while you see it?”)3

(And they say, “What is this messenger that eats food and walks in the markets? Why is not an angel sent down to him to be with him a warner?)4

It is the dictate of the Constant Law of Allah that messengers should be humans who live through all human experiences of birth and death, love and loss, prosperity and adversity, illness and healing, defeat and victory, want and fulfillment, struggling, livelihood, marriage, family, progeny… and He made the last of them, whose Message shall continue to the end of time, the most perfect example of a man living on earth, encompassing the various themes of life.

All messengers had a bodily form. Allah did not create for them bodies then make them not eat! (And We did not make them (the Messengers) bodies not eating food, nor were they immortal.)5 Eating is from the exigencies of corporality, and corporality is from the exigencies of humanity, and being created as humans, they are not immortal. That is the constant established Law of Allah, and there will never be any change to the Law of Allah.6

Human messengers live a human life, so their actual life becomes an embodiment of their law and their behavior a living model to what they preach. The real, living word is the one that influences and guides, because people see it materialized, translated into life.

Had the messengers been non-humans who did not eat, sleep, marry, have a social life, or human feelings and emotions struggling within them, there would not be any rapport between them and people. They would not sympathize with the impulses that motivate humans and, conversely, humans would not follow their example.

Those who claimed in the past that the Messenger should be an angel are just like those who claim today that the messenger is far above human emotions. All of them fail to realize the truth. Angels do not live the life of humans because of their special nature and shall never live it. A messenger must be a human, must have human needs and emotions, and must experience them in his actual existence in order to delineate through his own life the practical code of living that serves as an example to his human followers.7

These followers are the ones who in turn will shoulder the trust after the death of the messengers, as did Abu Bakr As-Siddiq t (nicknamed the Trustful) upon the death of Prophet Muhammad r.

The Companions were stunned by the news of his death, but Abu Bakr t was the most resolute among them. He went out to the people and addressed them, saying: “Whoever among you worships Muhammad r, Muhammad is dead; but whoever worships Allah, Allah is alive and shall never die. Allah says, (Muhammad is no more than a Messenger, and indeed Messengers have passed away before him. If he dies or is killed, will you then turn back on your heels (as disbelievers)? And he who turns back on his heels, not the least harm will he do to Allah; and Allah will reward the grateful.8)9

 ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbas t said: “By Allah, as if people never knew before that Allah had revealed this Ayah until Abu Bakr recited it and all people heard it from him, and then I heard everybody reciting it.”10

Prophet Muhammad r succeeded. He r made his Companions a living embodiment of his faith, eating food and walking in the markets. He r made each of them a living Qur’an walking on earth; each of them a visual example of Islam. When people saw them, they saw Islam incarnate.

A Divine Book alone will do nothing. The Qur’an alone will not work unless it is materialized through people, and principles will not survive unless they become adopted behavior.

The main aim of Prophet Muhammad r is to build men, not to give sermons. The Law itself is given in the Glorious Qur’an, whereas the duty of Muhammad r is to transform the abstract into concrete – men that the hands can touch and the eyes can see.11



1 Sayyid Qutb, In the Shade of the Qur’an, interpretation of Surat Al-Isra’ [17:  94-95], thirty-sixth edition, Dar Al-Shorouk.

2 Translated meanings of Al-Isra’ 17: 94-95.

3 Translated meanings of Al-Anbiya’ 21: 3.

4 Translated meanings of Al-Furqan 25: 7.

5 Translated meanings of Al-Anbiya’ 21: 8.

6 Adapted from Sayyid Qutb, In the Shade of the Qur’an, interpretation of Surat Al-Anbiya’ [21: 8], thirty-sixth edition, Dar Al-Shorouk.

7 Ibid.

8 Translated meanings of Al-‘Imran 3: 144.

9 Narrated by ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbas: Sahih Al-Bukhary, Book of Magazi (Expeditions), Hadith no. 4097; similar versions of the Hadith are also reported by Al-Bukhary (1165, 3394) and Ibn Majah (1616).

10 Ibid.

11 Sayyid Qutb, Dirasat Islamiyah (Islamic Studies), chapter of Islam Striving, Dar Al-Shorouk.


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