By: Haya Muhammad Ahmed Eid


Al-Azhar Al-Sharif Authorization for the Book
Introducing the Prophet of Mercy
A Word Picture
Why Muhammadr?
Mercy upon Mankind
Arise and Warn!
Psychological Warfare
1. A sorcerer! A madman! A liar! Rather, he is a poet!
2. Never will we show belief until we have a share of your prophethood
3. Shall we believe in you while you are followed by the lowest of people?
4. We will make you our king
5. Prostrate before our gods to prostrate before your God!
6. Turn Mount As-Safa into gold for us to believe you!
7. After dying and becoming dust, shall we then be resurrected?
8. Allah did not reveal anything to a human being
9. You are not a Messenger!
10. Is this the one whom Allah has sent as a Messenger?
11. Has Allah sent a human Messenger?
12. It is only a human being who teaches you
13. Do not listen to this Qur'an!
14. If we wish we can say the like of this Qur'an
15. Bring us a Qur'an other than this or change it!
16. If this is the truth, rain down upon us stones from the sky!
17. Your God has forsaken you
Power of the Word "la illaha ella Allah"
I Am the Prophet, No Lying
Bestowed Mercy
Tolerance Together With Mercy
On the Road of Hijrah
A New World
To Those Who Are Being Fought
Full Moon Has Shone
Building the City of Light
Cornerstones
First Cornerstone: Return of Mankind to Allah
Second Cornerstone: Binding Muslims to One Another
Third Cornerstone: Binding Muslims to Non-Muslims
On One Ship
Free People
Plant It
Writing to Kings
Hindering the Path
Divine Victory
Back to Homeland
Straight Path
Followers of the Path
Verdant Shade
REFERENCES

Islambasics Library: Muhammad the Prophet of Mercy

First Cornerstone:
Return of Mankind to Allah

1-Building Al-Masjid An-Nabawi

The first construction that Prophet Muhammad r built when he arrived in Al-Madinah was the Masjid, the house of worship, to bring mankind back to their Maker and to reconcile man to man, where hearts are cleansed and raised from earthly to heavenly concerns.

That Masjid, which the Messenger r first directed his energy into building, is not a piece of land allocated for worship, for a Muslim is not limited to a place to offer worship: “The earth has been made for me a Masjid and a means of purification; therefore, wherever any of my followers is at a time of Salah, they can pray.”2

Rather, it symbolizes what is most important and most adhered to in Islam, that is, the relationship between people and their Lord. A relationship that is renewed and strengthened throughout every day and night. “I (Allah) am with My servant when he remembers Me. If he remembers me to himself, I remember him to Myself… if he comes to Me walking, I go to him running.”3

A relationship that is renewed and strengthened through the daily walks to the Masjid, the steps taken, and the disengagement from anything else to come submissively to stand before the Lord of Existence and pray. “Anyone who purifies himself in his house then walks to one of the Houses of Allah to perform one of the obligatory Salahs enjoined by Allah, every two steps he takes, one will erase a sin and the other will raise him one degree in status.4

Anyone who goes to the Masjid, morning or evening, Allah will prepare for him an honorable abode in Paradise every time he comes to it and goes.5

Walking his way to it, the Prophet r supplicated, saying, O Allah, place in my heart light, and upon my tongue light, and within my ears light, and within my eyes light, and place behind me light, and in front of me light, and above me light, and beneath me light. O Allah, bestow upon me light.6

Entering or leaving, he r supplicated, saying, When any one of you enters the Masjid, let him say, ‘O Allah, open to me the gates of Your Mercy, and when he leaves let him say, ‘O Allah, I ask You of Your Bounty.’” 7

No civilization is of any worth or value if it forgets its Creator, forgets the Day of return to Him, and confuses good with evil.

The Islamic civilization that Prophet Muhammad r built is constantly reminded of the One God and the meeting with Him. It ever exhorts to good and fights evil while living within the Boundaries of Allah’s Law.8

2-True Foundations

The Messenger of Allah r mounted his camel and proceeded onward, the people walking along with him, until his camel knelt down at the place to become the Masjid of the Messenger of Allah r at Al-Madinah. Some Muslim men used to pray there at that time. The place was a yard for drying dates and belonged to Suhail and Sahl, two orphan boys who were under the guardianship of ‘As‘ad bin Zurarah.

When his camel knelt down, the Messenger of Allah r said, “This, by the Will Allah, is the landing place.” He r then called the two boys and negotiated with them over (the price of) the yard so that he might take it as a Masjid. The two boys said, “No, we offer it as a gift to you, O Messenger of Allah. But the Messenger of Allah r refused to accept it as a gift from them; he r bought it from them and built a Masjid there.9

The Masjid was built of adobe, its roof from palm leaves, and its pillars from the trunks of date palms.10

The Prophet r himself participated in building the Masjid, carrying the adobe with his Companions while chanting with them:

O Allah! The (true) reward is the reward of the hereafter

So be merciful to Al-Ansar and Al-Muhajirah (Emigrants) 11

The concrete structure was very simple, for it was not the true foundation of the Prophet’s Masjid. Its true foundation was piety laid down from the first day. (A Masjid whose foundation was laid from the first day on piety.)12

Inside, the worshiper truly humbled himself before his Creator. Abu Sa‘id Al-Khudri t narrated, “A cloud came and it rained until the roof (of the Masjid) started leaking. It was made of the leaves of date palms. The Iqamah (call to commence the prayer) was then announced, and I saw the Messenger of Allah r prostrating in water and mud. I even saw the traces of mud on his forehead.13

The Masjid was not only a place for worship, but also an academy where the Muslims received the teachings and instructions of Islam. It was an assembly place where the different tribes met and merged after they had clashed for so long during the wars and conflicts of Jahiliyyah. It was a base for administrating all the affairs of the Muslims. It was a parliament for holding consultative and executive councils. And, it was a home for many poor refugees from the emigrants who had no home, no money, no family, and nowhere to turn.14

3-Call to Salah

When the Muslims arrived in Al-Madinah they used to assemble for Salah and estimate the time for coming to perform it. There was no summons to it.15

The Prophet r was concerned about how to gather the people for Salah.

The people told him, “Hoist a flag at the time of Salah. When the people see it, they will inform one another. He r did not like it.

They mentioned to him r the horn, but he r did not like it either. He r said, “This is a matter of the Jews.

Then they mentioned to him the bell. He r said, “This is a matter of the Christians.

 ‘Abdullah bin Zaid t left, feeling anxious for the anxiety of the Messenger of Allah r. Then he was shown the Azan (Call to Prayer) in his dream. In the morning, he came to the Messenger of Allah r and informed him about it.

He said, “O Messenger of Allah, I was between sleep and wakefulness when all of a sudden a comer came (to me) and taught me the Azan.16

He taught him to say:

Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest.

Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest.

 I testify that there is god but Allah.

I testify that there is god but Allah.

I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.

I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.

 Come to Salah, come to Salah.

Come to success, come to success.

Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest.

There is no god but Allah.

The Prophet r said, “It is a true vision, by the Will of Allah. So get up along with Bilal, recite to him what you have seen, and let him call to Salah with it; for his voice is stronger than yours.17

This Call to Salah, announced five times a day, summarizes the Message of Islam. It contains the Two Testimonies of Faith upon which the entire religion of Islam is based. To worship none but Allah U, that is, saying: I testify that there is god but Allah; and to worship Him in the way He taught His Messenger r – only His Messenger, not a god – that is, saying: I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.

It is the powerful reminder, started and ended with the words الله أكبر الله أكبر to awaken the followers of Muhammad r to duty: Your God is Greater, far Greater than anything and everything that may interfere or distract you from answering His Call, so Come to Salah! Come to Success!18



2 Narrated by Jabir bin Abdullah: Sahih Al-Bukhary, Book of Tayammum (Dry Ablution with Clean Earth), Hadith no. 323; similar versions of the Hadith are also reported by Al-Bukhary (419), Muslim (810), An-Nasa’y (429, 728), Ahmad (13745), and Ad-Darimy (1353).

3 Hadith Qudsy narrated by Abu Hurairah: Musnad Ahmad, Book of Al-Mukthrin, Hadith no. 7115; similar versions of the Hadith are also reported by Al-Bukhary (6856), Muslim (4832, 4849), and At-Tirmidhy (3527).

4 Narrated by Abu Hurairah: Sahih Muslim, Book of Masjids wa Mawadi As-Salah, Hadith no. 1070.

5 Narrated by Abu Hurairah: Sahih Muslim, Book of Masjids wa Mawadi As-Salah, Hadith no. 1073; similar versions of the Hadith are also reported by Al-Bukhary (622) and Ahmad (10200).

6 Narrated by Abdullah bin Abbas: Sahih Muslim, Book of Salah Al-Musafirin wa Qasriha, Hadith no. 1280; similar versions of the Hadith are also reported by Abu Dawud (1148) and Ahmad (3360).

7 Narrated by Abu Usaid: Sahih Muslim, Book of Salah Al-Musafirin wa Qasriha, Hadith no. 1165; similar versions of the Hadith are also reported by An-Nasa’y (721), Abu Dawud (393), Ibn Majah (764), Ahmad (15477, 22502), and Ad-Darimy (1358, 2362, 2575).

8 Adapted from Muhammad Al-Ghazali, Fiqh As-Sirah, chapter five: Foundations of the New Society (Masjid), Dar Ada‘wah.

9 Narrated by Lady ‘Aishah: Sahih Al-Bukhary, Book of Al-Manaqib, Hadith no. 3616.

10 Narrated by ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar: Sahih Al-Bukhary, Book of Salah, Hadith no. 427; similar versions of the Hadith are also reported by Abu Dawud (381) and Ahmad (5865).

11 Narrated by Lady ‘Aishah: Sahih Al-Bukhary, Book of Al-Manaqib, Hadith no. 3616; similar versions of the Hadith are also reported by Al-Bukhary (410, 3639), Muslim (816), Abu Dawud, (383), Ibn Majah (734), and Ahmad (11733, 12385, 12731, 13072).

12 Translated meanings of At-Tawbah 9: 108.

13 Sahih Al-Bukhary, Book of Al-Azan (Call to Prayer), Hadith no. 629; similar versions of the Hadith are also reported by Al-Bukhary (771, 792, 1877, 1878, 1895, 1899), Muslim (1993, 1994, 1995), Abu Dawud (1174), and Ahmad (10610, 10757, 11151, 11279).

14 Safiur-Rahman Mubarakpuri, Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum, First Phase: Building a New Society.

15 Narrated by ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar: Sahih Al-Bukhary, Book of Al-Azan, Hadith no. 569; similar versions of the Hadith are also reported by Muslim (568), At-Tirmidhy (175), An-Nasa’y (622), and Ahmad (6072).

16 Transmitted by Abu ‘Umair bin Anas: Sunnan Abu Dawud, Book of Salah, Hadith no. 420.

17 Narrated by ‘Abdullah bin Zaid: Sunnan Abu Dawud, Book of Salah, Hadith no. 421; similar versions of the Hadith are also reported by Ibn Majah (698), Ahmad (15882), and Ad-Darimy (1163).

18 Adapted from the article Contemplating the Meanings of Azan by Muhammad Izz Ad-Din Tawfiq.


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