By: Haya Muhammad Ahmed Eid

Al-Azhar Al-Sharif Authorization for the Book
Introducing the Prophet of Mercy
A Word Picture
Why Muhammadr?
Mercy upon Mankind
Arise and Warn!
Psychological Warfare
1. A sorcerer! A madman! A liar! Rather, he is a poet!
2. Never will we show belief until we have a share of your prophethood
3. Shall we believe in you while you are followed by the lowest of people?
4. We will make you our king
5. Prostrate before our gods to prostrate before your God!
6. Turn Mount As-Safa into gold for us to believe you!
7. After dying and becoming dust, shall we then be resurrected?
8. Allah did not reveal anything to a human being
9. You are not a Messenger!
10. Is this the one whom Allah has sent as a Messenger?
11. Has Allah sent a human Messenger?
12. It is only a human being who teaches you
13. Do not listen to this Qur'an!
14. If we wish we can say the like of this Qur'an
15. Bring us a Qur'an other than this or change it!
16. If this is the truth, rain down upon us stones from the sky!
17. Your God has forsaken you
Power of the Word "la illaha ella Allah"
I Am the Prophet, No Lying
Bestowed Mercy
Tolerance Together With Mercy
On the Road of Hijrah
A New World
To Those Who Are Being Fought
Full Moon Has Shone
Building the City of Light
First Cornerstone: Return of Mankind to Allah
Second Cornerstone: Binding Muslims to One Another
Third Cornerstone: Binding Muslims to Non-Muslims
On One Ship
Free People
Plant It
Writing to Kings
Hindering the Path
Divine Victory
Back to Homeland
Straight Path
Followers of the Path
Verdant Shade

Islambasics Library: Muhammad the Prophet of Mercy

Hindering the Path

That callers to Islam can freely convey the message to people, and people can then choose whether or not to embrace Islam is an uncompromisable matter.

People must be given a fair chance to understand what Islam is inviting them to. But to have the callers to Islam beheaded and thick walls erected against them is what Islam will resist by force.

Let the different creeds express themselves, to either attract people or they turn away. This request of Islam was given an armed reply.

Al-Harith bin ‘Umair Al-Azdi t was sent with a letter from the Messenger r to the ruler of Busra. On his way to the village of Mu’tah he was intercepted by Sharhabil bin ‘Amr Al-Ghassani, the governor of Al-Balqa’ under Heraclius. Al-Harith was tied up and beheaded.

Killing envoys and messengers was regarded as one of the most heinous crimes, tantamount to a declaration of war. The Prophet r, greatly distressed by the news, prepared a large Muslim army of three thousand men, never before mobilized on such a scale except in the Battle of Al-Ahzab (Confederates).

Heraclius, on the other hand, mobilized one hundred thousand Roman warriors, who were reinforced by another one hundred thousand men who joined the Roman troops from Lakham, Judham, Balqain, Bahra’, and Bala.

The Messenger of Allah r appointed Zaid bin Harith t in command of the army, saying: “If Zaid is killed, then Ja‘far (should take over). If Ja‘far is killed, then ‘Abdullah bin Rawaha.1

The Messenger of Allah r commanded them to go to Mu’tah, where Al-Harith bin ‘Umair t was killed. They should first invite the people there to Islam. If they responded, they should accept that from them and should refrain from fighting them; but if they refused, they should seek the Help of Allah and fight them. He r said to them, “Fight in the Name of Allah and in the Cause of Allah, those who disbelieve in Allah, but do not betray, do not embezzle (booty), do not kill a child, or a woman, or a decrepit old man, or a recluse in a hermitage. Do not cut down a palm or a tree. And do not destroy a building.

At Mu’tah the two parties encountered one another and the hard battle started. Three thousand men facing the attacks of two hundred thousand warriors, far better equipped than them. It was certainly one of the most amazing battles ever witnessed; but believers are never granted victory because of number, force, or military supplies… only by their power of faith and the righteousness of their cause.

This was how Allah U willed the battle to run its course: A large disbelieving party against a small believing one, to teach the difference between two views and assessments of the causes of victory and defeat.

Faith triumphed over numbers, equipment, and munitions in order for people to understand that victory is granted through the power of true faith, not arms and supplies. The holders of true faith must strive and go into the battle without waiting to be equal in material visible forces, for at their side stands a superior power that far outweighs any numbers.2

Twelve Muslim men were martyred on that day. The casualties among the Romans were unknown; details of the battle point to a large number. The Muslim army returned with insignificant losses.

Mu’tah won Muslims a great reputation and had a great impact on the Arabs all over Arabia, who were struck with amazement. The Romans were the largest and mightiest power on the face of the earth; for this small Muslim army to face this huge force and return with minimal loss was nothing less than a miracle. It ascertained for the Arabs that the Muslims were backed and supported by Allah U, and their Companion was truly the Messenger of Allah r.

After this battle hostile tribes like Sulaim, Ashja‘, Ghatfan, Dhubian, and others that had kept revolting against Muslims, embraced Islam. It also ushered in the downfall of the Roman Empire, the most powerful military force that occupied Egypt, Syria, Iraq, and other lands and kept a tight grip over the Arab people for centuries. 3

1 Sahih Al-Bukhary, Book of Al-Magazi, Hadith no. 3928; similar versions of the Hadith are also reported by Al-Bukhary (3927) and Ahmad (1659, 2203, 21509, 21523).

2 Sayyid Qutb, In the Shade of the Qur’an, interpretation of Surat Al-Anfal [8: 8].

3 Details of Mu’tah: Safi-ur-Rahman Mubarakpuri, Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum, The Battle of Mutah; Muhammad Al-Ghazali, Fiqh As-Sirah, Tabuk.

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