About Sadaqat-ul-Fitr, Ibn 'Umar, radyAllaah 'anhumaa, reported that
Messenger, sallAllaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, made it obligatory
Zakaat-ul-Fitr as a saa'
of dates or a saa' of barley, upon the slave and the free
male and the female, and the young and the old amongst the Muslims. And
'alayhi wa sallam, commanded that it be given before the people set
the prayer." [Reported
by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]
The Sunnah is that it should be given in food, as was done during
of the Prophet. Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudree, radyAllaah 'anhu, said: "During
time of the Prophet, sallAllaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, we used to give a saa'
on the day of the 'Eed."
Then he (Abu Sa'eed) said: "Our food used to be: barley, raisins,
and dates." [Reported by Al-Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]
About the 'Eid Prayer, Allaah says:
"And so that you may complete the (prescribed) time (for fasting)
and so that you may glorify Allaah (by saying Allaahu Akbar), for
you, so that you may be grateful." [Surah Al-Baqarah: 185]
So the Muslims go out to the musallaa (place of prayer) –
land – saying the takbeer (Allaahu Akbar). Then
they pray two rak'aat behind the Imaam, saying the takbeer
Akbar) seven times in the first rak'ah, and five times in the
reciting the Qur'aan out loud in both rak'aat. Then the
one khutbah (sermon) after which the people disperse. And it
is from the
Sunnah to return home using a different route than the one taken when
the musallaa (place of prayer).
It is recommended for the one who fasts the month of Ramadaan to
six days in (the month of) Shawaal. The Prophet, sallAllaahu 'alayhi wa
said: "Whoever fasts the month of Ramadaan and follows it up with
days in Shawaal, it is as if he has fasted the whole year." [Reported
by Muslim] It is not a condition that the days be fasted consecutively.
Some Important Notes:
There is nothing authentically reported concerning fasting on the
of (the month of) Rajab or the twenty-seventh day of Rajab.
There is nothing authentically reported concerning fasting in the
Also, the ahaadeeth reported on the excellence of fasting
sacred months are weak, except for the month of Muharram, for there is
authentic hadeeth about it. Look for it in the last section of this
From the great wrongs committed in Ramadaan is that many people fast
Ramadaan, but do not pray. Their example is like that of a people who
palace but destroy its surroundings.
From the great wrongs also is that: Some people observe the prayer
Ramadaan, but then leave off praying after the month comes to an end.
So it is
as if the Lord of Ramadaan is not the Lord of Shawaal or any of the
months. May Allaah be far removed from false gods and partners.
A saa' consists of four amdaad (plural for mudd).
is a handful using two hands cupped together of an average-sized
man. It is
better for you to measure the weight of the saa' that you will
distribute for Zakaat-ul-Fitr by yourself. This is to be done by
handfuls with both hands and then weighing it. It is approximately
kilograms from the allotted portion give or take a little. But giving a
more out of precaution is better.
26 He means by this the 'Eed Prayer. However, it is permissible to
with the committee that is in charge of distributing the Zakaat, a day
before the Day of 'Eed.
It is the Sunnah to give any food that the people of that land grow.
is that a saa' is to be given by every individual in the
majority of the scholars hold that it is not permissible to give it in
of its monetary worth in cash, but rather it must be given in food as
in the Sunnah. This is the opinion that is in conformity with the
adhere to it! And beware of views and opinions, even if people beautify
This does not mean that we cannot give charity in cash to the poor, for
– except for Sadaqat-ul-Fitr, for this is a matter of worship. And
wisdom in Allaah's commands, which our limited minds cannot comprehend.
This is evaporated milk, which is well known
in the Hijaaz area and Najd, and which resembles kishk in our
of saying the takbeer is: "Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar