By: Abu Haatim Usaamah al-Qoosee


Islambasics Library: Fasting And Its Rulings


About Sadaqat-ul-Fitr, Ibn 'Umar, radyAllaah 'anhumaa, reported that "Allaah's Messenger, sallAllaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, made it obligatory to give Zakaat-ul-Fitr as a saa' [1] of dates or a saa' of barley, upon the slave and the free person, the male and the female, and the young and the old amongst the Muslims. And he, sallAllaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, commanded that it be given before the people set out for the prayer." [2][Reported by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]

The Sunnah is that it should be given in food, as was done during the time of the Prophet. Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudree, radyAllaah 'anhu, said: "During the time of the Prophet, sallAllaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, we used to give a saa' of food [3] on the day of the 'Eed."

Then he (Abu Sa'eed) said: "Our food used to be: barley, raisins, dried curds [4] and dates." [Reported by Al-Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]

About the 'Eid Prayer, Allaah says:

"And so that you may complete the (prescribed) time (for fasting) and so that you may glorify Allaah (by saying Allaahu Akbar), for having guided you, so that you may be grateful." [Surah Al-Baqarah: 185]

So the Muslims go out to the musallaa (place of prayer) – an empty land – saying the takbeer (Allaahu Akbar). [5]Then they pray two rak'aat behind the Imaam, saying the takbeer (Allaahu Akbar) seven times in the first rak'ah, and five times in the second rak'ah, reciting the Qur'aan out loud in both rak'aat. Then the Imaam gives one khutbah (sermon) after which the people disperse. And it is from the Sunnah to return home using a different route than the one taken when coming to the musallaa (place of prayer). [6]

It is recommended for the one who fasts the month of Ramadaan to (also) fast six days in (the month of) Shawaal. The Prophet, sallAllaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, said: "Whoever fasts the month of Ramadaan and follows it up with six days in Shawaal, it is as if he has fasted the whole year." [Reported by Muslim] It is not a condition that the days be fasted consecutively.

Some Important Notes:

There is nothing authentically reported concerning fasting on the first day of (the month of) Rajab or the twenty-seventh day of Rajab.

There is nothing authentically reported concerning fasting in the middle of Sha'baan.

Also, the ahaadeeth reported on the excellence of fasting in the sacred months are weak, except for the month of Muharram, for there is an authentic hadeeth about it. Look for it in the last section of this book.

From the great wrongs committed in Ramadaan is that many people fast in Ramadaan, but do not pray. Their example is like that of a people who build a palace but destroy its surroundings.

From the great wrongs also is that: Some people observe the prayer in Ramadaan, but then leave off praying after the month comes to an end. So it is as if the Lord of Ramadaan is not the Lord of Shawaal or any of the other months. May Allaah be far removed from false gods and partners.

[1] A saa' consists of four amdaad (plural for mudd). A mudd is a handful using two hands cupped together of an average-sized man. It is better for you to measure the weight of the saa' that you will take to distribute for Zakaat-ul-Fitr by yourself. This is to be done by scooping four handfuls with both hands and then weighing it. It is approximately around two kilograms from the allotted portion give or take a little. But giving a little more out of precaution is better.

[2] 26 He means by this the 'Eed Prayer. However, it is permissible to entrust it with the committee that is in charge of distributing the Zakaat, a day or two before the Day of 'Eed.

[3] It is the Sunnah to give any food that the people of that land grow. Its range is that a saa' is to be given by every individual in the family. A majority of the scholars hold that it is not permissible to give it in the form of its monetary worth in cash, but rather it must be given in food as is stated in the Sunnah. This is the opinion that is in conformity with the evidences, so adhere to it! And beware of views and opinions, even if people beautify them. This does not mean that we cannot give charity in cash to the poor, for we can – except for Sadaqat-ul-Fitr, for this is a matter of worship. And there is wisdom in Allaah's commands, which our limited minds cannot comprehend.

[4]  This is evaporated milk, which is well known in the Hijaaz area and Najd, and which resembles kishk in our land (of Egypt)

[5] The most correct manner of saying the takbeer is: "Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar



[6] It is legislated on this day for the women to go out so that they may witness the 'Eed Prayer, even the menstruating women. However, they (the menstruating women) must stay away from the musallaa (place of prayer) and witness the (acts of) good and the invitation of the Muslims.

misconceptions about islam , Misconceptions On Human Rights In Islam , Muhamed no 1 , Muhammad the Greatest , MUHAMMAD'S PROPHETHOOD , Muhummed The Natural Successor To Christ , Muslim character , Muslim guide to Jehovah s witness , Muslim Response To Christian Response , Muslim-Christian Dialogue , My Dear Beloved Son or Daughter , night prayers during Ramadan , nullifiers of Islam , OH! YOU!! HINDU AWAKE! , On Cosmic Verses in The Quran , order in Islam , OUR MESSAGE , Peace from an Islamic standpoint , PEACE IN ISLAM , PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT IN ISLAM , PILGRIMAGE ORGANIZING INSTRUCTIONS , Pitfalls in the Quest for Knowledge , Polygyny: The wisdom of love , prayer and Ramadan , Prayer in Congregation , Principles of Islamic Faith (Al-`Aqidah Al-Wasitiyah) , Priorities of The Islamic Movement in The Coming Phase , PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS , Prohibitions that are taken too lightly , Proof of The Preservation of the Quran , PROPHET MUHAMMAD - THE INFINITE LIGHT , PROPHET OF ISLAM  MUHAMMED and  SOME OF HIS TRADITIONS , prophets stories , purpose of life , quran dictionary , Religion Of Islam , respond to the call of the prayer , Resurrection or Resuscitation , Rulings on divorce and connected matters in the Qur aan , ryad elsaleheen , SACRIFICE - The Making of a Muslim , Sahih Bukhari , Sahih Muslim , SALMAN THE PERSIAN , SCIENCE EDUCATION AND RELIGIOUS VALUES , seventy ways to earn reward , SHARI'AH - THE WAY TO GOD , shytan his ways of misleading , Social Laws in Islam , SOURCE METHODOLOGY IN ISLAMIC JURISPRUDENCE: , SPOTLIGHTS ON ISLAM , ST PAUL , status of women , Stories of new Muslims , stories of the prophets , STUDIES IN ISLAM SERIES ISLAM AND CONTEMPORARY ECONOMIC THEORIES , Supplication and its manners, times, conditions, mistakes , Tafseer Ayat Al-Kursi , Tafsir of surat alfatiha , The 2 Eids , The Abridgments of the prophet's prayer , The Amazing Quran , The Aqeedah of the Pious Predecessors , The Arab's Impact on European Civilization , The Authentic Creed And the Invalidators of Islam , The basis of Muslim belief , The beard , The book of knowledge , The Buddhas of Bamyan , The Call For The Unity Of Religions: true of false , The Causes Responsible for Materialist Tendencies in the West , THE CHALLENGE OF ISLAM , The Character of the Companions , The compilation of hadith , THE CONSEQUENCE OF ATTRIBUTING LINEAGES TO A MAN WHO HAD NO LINEAGE , The Creed of Al-Bukhari , The creed of the sahabah , The Criterion , The DAY of WRATH , The Declaration of Faith , The Difference between Advising and Condemning , The Essence of Economic Policy in Importance of Islamic Economics , The Establishment of Proof , THE ETERNAL MESSAGE OF MUHAMMAD , The Ethics of Disagreement in Islam , THE ETIIQUETTES OF MARRIIAGE AND WEDDIING , The evil consequences of adultery , The Evil of Smoking  , The Face Veil , THE FINALITY OF PROPHETHOOD , The fiqh of hajj for women , The Foundations of the Islamic Belief , The fundamentals of Islam , The Glorious Quran English Translation , The God That Never Was , The Good End , The Hardening of the Heart , The ideal Muslim , The ideal muslimah , THE IDEOLOGICAL ATTACK , The Importance of Straightening the Ranks in Prayer  , The Islamic Call , THE JUSTICE OF GOD, HIS MERCY, PROMISE AND THREAT , The Last Sermon Of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH , The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam , The Life of Muhammad , The life of this world , The Light of the Prophet , The Magnifying Glass On Clarifying Many Common Errors , The manners of a scholar and student of knowledge , The Many Dangers of the Tongue , The Meaning of Our Testimony that Muhammad (peace be upon him) is the Messenger of Allah ,