Various Additional Regulations
Prophet recommended taking the sahur (night-time meal).He said :
"Do not miss the sahur for it is blessed ; take even a mouthful of
God and his angels greet those who take their sahur."
(2) It is
to take the iftar meal as early as possible and the sahur meal as late
as possible. The Prophet said : "My people are
as long as they take their iftar early and their sahur late".
Maymun stated that the Prophet's Companions were quick to take
their iftar and slow in beginning their sahur.
(3) The time
for sahur extends until dawn. If the call to the fajr (dawn) prayers is
announced and a man still has the cup in his hand, he should not throw
it away, but can satisfy himself. The Prophet said: "If
a man hears the call while the cup is still in his hand, he shall not
it down before he is through with it."
(4) It is
that a man breaks the fast in the manner followed by the Prophet. Anas
reported that the Prophet used to break the fast before he performed
sunset prayers, with a few ripe dates, or if not available, a few dry
or if not available, a few mouthfuls of water.
(5) At iftar offer your thanks to God
in the same words used by the Prophet. Mu'adh
Ibn Zahra reported that the Prophet used these words before partaking
iftar "I fasted for Your sake and broke the fast
on what You gave me."
the fast without a break for another day is reprehensible. Ibn Omar
reported that the Prophet had forbidden continuation of the fast.
the Prophet's companions remarked that the Prophet himself did it, he
"I am not like any of you. Allah feeds me and satisfies my thirst".
Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet had said :
"Let no one continue the fast" repeating the
command thrice. His companions observed that he did continue the fast
the Prophet answered : "You are not like
Allah feeds me and quenches my thirst. Do only the things you are
(1) You may perform the
qada (fasting of other days as substitute for those
missed in Ramadan) consequently or without sequence.
Ibn Omar reported
that the Prophet had said :"Ramadan qada may be
al-Munkadir said : "A man asked the Prophet about
splitting the qada. The Prophet advised : It is up to you. If a man
in debt, he could repay his debt in instalments - this is qada.
doing the same in the case of Ramadan qada is acceptable".
(2)You may perform the
qada any time during the year. `Aisha was reported
to have said : "Sometimes I was unable to perform
the qada other than in Sha'ban."
If a man postpones the
qada until he is over taken by the next Ramadan,
then he performs the qada after Ramadan.
said that the delay is, however, reprehensible, according to a verse
the Quran which says : "Be quick in the race for
Prophet set an example for retiring for contemplation during Ramadan as
a form of devotion. He used to spend the last ten days of Ramadan in
retirement in his mosque. `Aisha said : "The
used to retire the last ten days of Ramadan and continued this custom
the end of his life".
Omar reported that the Prophet, during the retreat period, had his bed
placed in the mosque behind a pillar.
A person in retreat
shall observe complete seclusion.
said that "a person in retreat abstains from
social life. He shall not even visit a sick man or attend a funeral or
touch a woman. He goes out only to perform his natural functions".
A man in retreat may
take a bath or have his hair cut and combed.
that she used to comb the Prophet's hair while he was in retreat.
I'tikaf can be
performed in any mosque where group prayers are performed.
The best-rewarded i'tikaf is that performed in one of three mosques,
at the Ka'ba in Mecca, the Prophet's Mosque in Medina and the Aqsa