Abu Hurairah, may Allah be
pleased with him, related that the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless
him and grant him peace, said: "When Allah wants to favour somebody, He
tries him by placing him under some hardships." Saheeh Bukhari.
Abu Ruqayya, may Allah be pleased
with him, related that the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and
grant him peace, said: "Religion is sincerity". We said, "To whom?" "To
Allah and His Book and His Messenger and to the Leaders of the Muslims
and their common folk." Saheeh Muslim.
Abu Dharr, may Allah be pleased
with him, related that the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and
grant him peace, said: "Allah Ta’ala said: ‘O my servants, I have
forbidden oppression for Myself and have made it forbidden amongst you,
so do not oppress one another." Saheeh Muslim.
The Prophet Muhammad, may Allah
bless him and grant him peace, said: " Everyone starts his day and is a
vendor of his soul, either freeing it or bringing about its ruin." Saheeh
"He made". Has a different meaning to "Khalaqa"
(see Khaliq, Ja’ala implies "turn into", for example: 1). "Who
has made the earth your couch... "Surah Al-Baqara (2):22). 2).
"Make me a good Muslim and at death count me among the believers."
Most commonly understood to mean Hell. In
fact, it is one of the levels of Hell. The are seven levels of
1). Jaheem - the shallowest
level of Hell. It is reserved for those who believed in Allah and His
messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, but who ignored His
commands. 2). Jahannam - a deeper level where the
idol-worshippers are to be sent on the Day of Judgment. 3). Sa’ir
- is reserved for the worshippers of fire. 4). Saqar -
this is where those who did not believe in Allah will be sent on the
Day of Judgment. 5). Ladha - will be the home of Jews. 6).
Hawiyah - will be the abode of the Christians. 7). Hutama
- the deepest level of Hellfire. This is where the religious hypocrites
will spend eternity. The worst of Allah’s creation are the Munafiqeen
(Hyprocrites), whether they be mankind or jinn, for they outwardly
appear to accept, but inwardly reject, Allah and His Messenger.
shallowest level of the Nar. It is reserved for those who believed in
Allah and His Messenger Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him
peace, but who ignored His commands. See Jahannam.
JAHILIYAH: "Ignorance". This
involves relying on what is other than the truth. This is why the age
or period prior to the advent of Muhammad, may Allah bless him and
grant him peace, is called Jahiliyah. Many people believed, for
example, in Allah, but tried to attain His pleasure through worshipping
another medium such as a stone, fire, man, wood, animal, etc., rather
than following His guidance which had been revealed to the earlier
messengers. The age of Jahiliyah ‘ended’ when the Final Revelation, the
Holy Qur’an, was revealed to mankind and the Jinn. However,it still
exists wherever this last message from God has not reached. Any
deviation from the True Path is no longer considered as Jahiliyah, but
as Kufr, for the truth has been distinguished from falsehood.
JAHRI: Loud recitation of the Holy Qur’an during Salaat.
A giant and a commander who led a large army against a small, but very
dedicated army under Talut (Saul). Dawood (David), peace be on him),
still young boy then, killed Jalut, thus causing a major defeat to the
enemies of Allah. See Holy Qur’an, Al-Baqara (2):249-252.
JAME’: Joining two Fard (compulsory)
prayers, by praying one immediately after the other, in one space of
time. Under certain circumtances (for example, when a person is
travelling), it is permitted to join the Fard (compulsory)
1). The Fajr prayer
(the first compulsory prayer of the day) is not combined with any other
prayer. 2). The Duhr and ‘Asr prayers (the
second and third compulsory prayers of the day) may, under certain
circumstances, be combined. 3). The Magreb and Isha
prayers (the fourth and fifth compulsory prayers of the day) may also,
under certain circumstances, be combined. 4). Call only one
Adhan, but two Iqamat as-Salat (one for each Salat). 5).
The Duhr, ‘Asr and Isha prayers are reduced from four
to two Rak’at each when doing traveling prayers during a journey which
is longer than 48 miles. This reduction does not occur if the prayers
are joined due to extremely bad weather. Jame’ comes in two
forms: 1). Jame’ Taqdeem - early combination: Praying the Duhr
and ‘Asr prayers during the time of Duhr. In this case, the Duhr Salat
is performed first, then the ‘Asr Salat. Praying the Magreb
and Isha prayers during the time of Magreb. In this
case, the Magreb Salat is performed first, then the Isha Salat. 2).
Jame’ Takheer - Delayed combination: Praying the Duhr and ‘Asr
prayers during the time of ‘Asr. The Duhr Salat is
performed first, then the ‘Asr Salat. Praying the Magreb and
Isha prayers during the time of Isha. The Magreb Salat is
performed first, then the Isha Salat.
hot coal. The term used to describe the three pillars built of stone at
Mina. Plural: Jimar.
AL’AQABA: One of the three stone pillars at Mina.
One of the rites of Hajj is to throw pebbles at these stone
pillars, which represent Shaitan (Satan). Plural:Jimar.
spelled as Janna. Paradise. A created abode in the Hereafter for those
who believe in unity of Allah and in all His Prophet and Messengers,
and follow their way of life. Jannah has eight gates around it and each
of these eight gates has eleven doors. The names of eight gates are:
1). Bab al-Iman. 2).
Bab al-Jihad. 3). Bab-al-Kadhemean al-gaidh. 4).
Bab-ar-Raiyan. 5). Bab-ar-Radiyeen. 6).
Bab as-Sadaqa. 7). Bab-at-Taubah. 8). Bab-at-Salat.
Jannah has not been guaranteed to any human being or Jinn with the
exception of the messenger of Allah before their deaths, other than the
following ten men.
1). Abu Bakr as-Siddiq. 2).
Umar ibn al-Khattab. 3). Uthman ibn ‘Affan. 4). Ali ibn
Talib. 5). Sa’ad ibn Abi Waqas 6). Abu Ubaida ‘Amer ibn
al-Jarrah. 7). Al-Zubair ibn al-’Awam. 8). Talha ibn
Ubaidu’llah. 9). Abdar-rahman ibn ‘Auf . 10). Sa’id ibn
Zaid. May Allah be pleased with all of them.
The state of a person after sexual discharge, whether intentional or
otherwise. A person may not perform Salat or not recite or touch the
Holy Qur’an until he performs Ghusl or Tayammum. See Ghusl.
"The Crouching". Surah 45 of the Holy Qur’an.
JEWJ WA MAJEWJ:
"Gog and Magog". The two evil empires. They are mentioned in the
Holy Qur’an and Ahadeth (Bukhari and Muslim) when mentioning some of
the scenes just before the final hour. See Sahi Muslim, Kitab
al-Fitan wa Isharat as-Say’ah. See Holy Qur’an, Al-Ambiyaa
BE ON HIM: The Angel Gibriel. Also called Rooh al-Qudus,
"The Holy Spirit". His duty was to reveal the Word of
Allah Ta’ala to His Anbiaa (Prophets). He is now sent to help
the very religious against the temptations of Shaitan (Satan)
at the time of death. His epithet is Roohul Amin (The Spirit of
Truth) (Ash-Shuraa (26):193). The Al-Amin is Muhammad, may Allah bless
him and grant him peace. See Holy Qur’an , Al-Baqara (2)97-98,
One of the eight gates of Jannah (Paradise). See Jannah. 2). A
Holy war in the cause of Allah and His command. Jihad takes many forms,
amongst which are: a). Jihad an-Nafs - Fighting against
one’s own evil traits and trying one’s utmost to be a better person in
the sight of Allah. b). Jihad Akbar - Physically fighting
against the enemies of Allah Subhana wa Ta’ala.
Plural of Jamara. See Jamra and Jamrat al-’Aqaba.
"The Jinn". A race of created
are made out of smokeless fire. They are like the Ins (human race) in
many ways: 1). They are born, have children and die. They also
have friends and family. 2). There are Muslims and Kufar
amongst them. 3). They eat food, but their food consists mainly
of bones and stool.
They differ from us in many ways too: 1).
Their lifespan is much longer than ours. 2). They can see us
and sometimes are able to dwell within us. 3). they need no
form of transport. 4). They need no housing. The Muslims
amongst them like to live in the Masajid and pray, but the unbelievers
tend to live in the bathrooms of non-religious Ins (human beings). The
best way to make sure that they do not intermix with us (i.e. enter our
bodies or eat food with us) is to remember Allah constantly and to read
the Holy Qur’an as much as possible. Surah 72 of the Holy Qur’an.
Tax imposed on non-Muslims who are under Muslim rule.
JUDIYE: Place where the Ark of the Prophet Nooh
(Noah), peace be on him, came to rest. Jabal (Mount) Judiye is in the
Turkish district of Botham which is situated near the frontiers of
turkey, Syria and Iraq. See holy Qur’an, Houd (11):44.
the place to the north-west of Makka where the people of Shaam
put on their Ihram when intending to go Hajj. See Miqat.
"Friday". The Muslims’ day of gathering together,
Muslim males must go to the Masjid to hear the Friday Khutba (sermon)
and to do Jum’a Salat (prayer), which is prayed instead of Dhur. Surah
62 of the Holy Qur’an.
AL-AKHIRA: The Sixth month of Islamic calendar. Abu Bakr
as-Siddiq may Allah be pleased with him, died on Tuesday, 22nd Jumada
al-Akhira, 13AH. See Hijri.
person in the state of Janaba. See Janaba.
JUZ: A part. the Holy Qur’an is divided into
thirty parts. A thirtieth part of the Holy Qur’an. Plural: Ajza.