O mankind! Keep your duty to your
Lord and fear the day when the parent will not be able to help the
child with anything, nor the child help the parent. Surely Allah’s
promise is the very truth. Let not the life of the world beguile you,
nor let the deceiver beguile you, in regard to Allah. Luqman
O mankind! A simititude is
coined, so pay attention to it: Surely those on whom you call besides
Allah will never create a fly, though they combine together for the
purpose. And if the fly took something from them, they could not
retrieve it from it. So weak are the seeker and the sought! Al-Hajj
"The Ways of Ascent". Surah 70 of the Holy
Spiritual realization of Allah Ta’ala. Gnosis.It is to directly witness
the Light of the Names of Attributes of Allah manifested in the heart.
MA’SHAR: Assemblies. Whether they be assemblies of
mankind or of the Jinn or both.
"Small Kindnesses". Surah 107 of the Holy Qur’an.
Hajj that is accepted by Allah because of its perfection in both inward
intention and outward observance of the traditions of Rasoolu’llah, may
Allah bless him and grant him peace.
of the Prophet Shu’aib, peace be on him. They were destroyed by an
earthquake for rejecting Shu’aib and the warnings from Allah he had
brought with him. See Holy Qur’an, Al-A’raf (7):8593, Houd
Plural of Ghazwa. See Ghazwa.
"Cursed" by Allah Ta’ala. Surah Al-Fatiha (1):7, "...Maghdoubee
‘alaihim.." (those that have been cursed) refers to the Jews.
Allah Ta’ala has cursed them for continually breaking their covenants. See
Holy Qur’an, Al-Baqara (2):83-86, 100, Al-maidah (5):13-14, 73.
MAGHFIRA: "Forgiveness". In the Holy Qur’an Allah Ta& 8217;ala uses three different words
to mean "forgive".
1). ‘Afa. Forgave, in
the sense of obliterating the memory of wrongdoing from one’s mind. 2).
Safaha. Forgave, in the sense of overlooking, ignoring or
turning away from misdeeds. 3). Maghfira. Comes from
one of the ninety-nine Attributes of Allah Ta’ala. "Al-Ghafur",
which means to forgive again and again.
Sunset. The fourth compulsory Salat (Prayer) of the day. It consists of
three Raq’as. It can be prayed at any time between just after sunset
and before the stars appear in the sky.
A combination of Kufee (angular) and Naskh (curved) Scripts
often used for hand-written copies of the Holy Qur’an written in
A Man whom a woman can never marry because
of closeness of relationship (e.g. father, brother, uncle, son, etc.)
Her husband is also her Mahram.
Dowry given by a husband to his bride on marriage.
"The Table Spread". Surah 5 of the Holy Qur’an.
MAISER: Gambling. Literally means getting something
too easily. Maiser has been prohibited by Allah Ta’ala in the strongest
terms possible : "Ajtibou" - "Leave it!". It is a higher level
of prohibition than forbidding it because it is Haram. Haram = a direct
prohibition ordered by Allah Ta’ala. Ajtanibou = a degree more serious
than Haram. It is not only Haram, but also a direct command not to
approach or be near it for nay reason whatsoever. See Holy Qur’an,
Al-Baqara (2):219, Al-Maidah (5):93.
"Al-Majeed". The Most Gracious. One of the ninety nine
attributes of Allah. For a full list of the Asmaul Husna of Allah
worshippers. These people lived mainly in Persia and the Eastern
Arabian Peninsula in the pre-Islamic period of ignorance. See Holy
Qur’an, Al-Hajj (22):17.
two meanings: 1). Plotting or planning with evil intent 2).
Planning for a good purpose. "Wa Makaru wa Makara Allah wa’llahu
Khairul Makereen" (Surah Aali ‘Imran (3):54). "They planned and
Allah planned and Allah is the best of planners." Makaru = they
plotted. Makara = planned. Makara = plotted. makareen
= plotters. See Holy Qur’an, Aali ‘Imran (3):54,
MAKROUH: Disapproved of, but not prohibited by Allah
Subhana wa Ta’ala. See Ahkam.
1). "Angels". Another name for Suratul Fatir. Surah 35 of
the Holy Qur’an. 2). A race of created beings that are made
out of light. Their sole purpose in creation is to worship and glorify
Allah and to perform their duties exactly as described. They ar
incapable of disobedience. They do not eat, or sleep, or procreate.
Their exact number is unknown. Amongst the well-known ones are the
following: i). The angel Jibreel (Gabriel) - the angel
whose duty is to communicate between Allah Ta’ala and the Prophets and
to whomever Allah wills; i.e. he was commanded to communicate with
Mariam (Mary, mother of Prophet Jesus), Jesus and Muhammad, may Allah
bless them and grant them peace. ii). The angel Mikaeel (Micheal)
- the angel of provisions. iii). The angel of Death - takes
the souls of people when they die. Many Muslims mistakenly call him Izrael.
The name "Izrael" is neither mentioned in the Holy Book of
Allah, the Holy Qur’an, nor by Muhammad, may Allah bless and grant him
peace, in any of the Ahadeeth. The name "Izrael" is mentioned
in the Taurat and therefore has been ‘borrowed’ from the Jews. Beware
of such innovations. Copying the Jews or any other unbelievers, and
then saying "This is from Allah", is Kuffur. iv). The angel Israfeel
- the angel who will blow the horn to bring the universe to its end. v).
The angel Ridwan - Keeper of Jannah (Paradise). vi). The
angel Maalik - Keeper of Nar (Hellfire). vii). The
angels Munkar and Nakeer - the two angels who are assigned to
question the souls of the dead in their graves about their faith. Peace
be on all of them. Singular: Malak.
MALAK: Singular of Malaikah (angels). See Malaikah.
is prohibited in acts of worship in the Shari’a. For example, doing
voluntary Salat (prayers) between the Fajr Salat and sunrise, or
between the Asr Salat and sunset; fasting on either of the two ‘Eid
MANAAT: A famous goddess in Hijaz who used to be
worshipped by the pagan Arabs in the pre-Islamic period of ignorance.
See Holy Qur’an, an-Najm (53):20.
A huge plateau on the outskirt of Madinah.
General sacrifice in the path of Allah Ta’ala. All deeds and actions
during Hajj are regarded as Manasik, for they are indeed regarded as
sacrifices in the path of Allah.
MANSOOKH: Abrogated. The abrogation of certain
commands usually came with increased belief or change in situation.
Only Allah Ta’ala has the power to abrogate verses of the Holy Qur’an.
An example of an abrogated statement is:"...wa in toobdu ma fee
anfooseekum aw tookhfoohu youhasibkum bihi Allah.." (Al Baqara
(2):284), "...whether you show what is in your mind or conceal
it, Allah will call you to account for it...". when the Muslims
heard this Ayah they went to Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant
him peace, and said: "O Rasoolullah, we cannot control ourselves, but
how can we control the outburst in our hearts? (i.e. sudden thoughts
that shaitan puts within us). The Prophet Muhammad said: "Do you intend
to say, ‘Same’na wa ‘asaina (We hear and we disobeyed), as did
both the people of the Book (i.e. the Jews and the Christians)? say, ‘Same’na
wa ata’na! So they said, ‘Same’na wa ata’na’ (We hear and
we obey). On hearing their reply Allah Ta’ala abrogated this verse, by
revealing the 286th verse of Surah al-Baqara: "La youkalifu’llau
nafsan illa wus’aha.." The aim of the 284th verse of Surah
al-Baqara was to test the followers of Muhammad, may the blessings of
Allah be on him and them, as to whether or not they would say the same
as the Jews and the Christians who used to say, "Same’na wa
‘asaina" (We hear and we disobey).
The station of Ibrahim. The place where the Prophet Ibrahim,
peace be on him, stood in prayer, and which marks the place of prayer
following Tawaf of the Ka’bah. This place today is marked by a stone in
which there are two large sunken footprints, said to have been made by
the Prophet Ibrahim when he stood on the stone while he and his son
Ismael were building the Ka’aba.
AL-MAHMOOD: The highest station in Jannah (Paradise). This
place will be granted to the Holy Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him
and grant him peace, and to no-one else. Sahi Bukhari, Hadith 242,
MARIAM , PEACE
BE ON HER: "Mary". The Virgin Mary.
Daughter of ‘Imran and Hannah and mother of Prophet Isa (Jesus) peace
be on him. She is the first of the four greatest females created, the
other three being:
1). Asiya, the wife of
Fir’aun (Pharaoh). 2). Khadija, the first wife of Muhammad. 3).
Fatima, Daughter of Muhammad, May the blessings and peace of Allah
be on him and all his wives and family. Surah 19 of the Holy
MARUT: One of the two angels that were sent by
Allah as a trial to mankind by way of allowing Harut and Marut to teach
them magic. See Holy Qur’an, Al-Baqara (2):102.
small hill in Makkah close to the holiest Masjid in Islam, Al-Masjid
al-Haram. See Sa’i, Safa and Marwa.
"Palm Fibre". Another name for Surah Abi Lahab. This
condemned Abi Lahab and his wife to Hellfire (many years before their
deaths) for their Kufr, especially their violent opposition to the
Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Surah 111 of
the Holy Qur’an.
"Mosque". Place of worship for the Muslims. Singular: Masjid.
The whole earth is a Masjid for the Muslims, the dome of the heaven its
who are very poor and in need; not only those who are visibly in need,
but also those who seem in no need of help, but who in reality are very
poor. Singular: Miskeen.
MASEEH: "Massiah". A
title which means "Annointed" or "Christ". There are two Messiahs:
1 . Maseeh Isa ibn Mariam - Christ
Jesus, Son of Mary. The title of Maseh (Christ) was given to the great
Prophet Isa (Jesus), Son of Mary , peace be on them. Masee ad-Dajjal -
Christ the Liar. This title is given to the false Christ (the
Antichrist as termed by the Christians), who will appear before the Day
of Resurrection, falsely claiming to be prophet Jesus, Son of Mary. One
of the major signs of the coming of the Day of Judgment will be when
the Maseeh ad-Dajjal appears. He will then be shortly followed by the
Prophet Isa (Jesus), the Son of Mary, peace be on them. The Prophet
Jesus will then slay the Dajjal (Antichrist) and the Dijjal’s followers
by a miracle. The Prophecy of the second coming of the prophet Jesus and of the DajjaI may be found in Sahih Muslim (Kitab al-Fitan wa Isharat as-Say' ah).
Plural of Miqat. See Miqat.
Night Journey of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and
grant him peace, from Makka to Jerusalem and then through the realms of
the seven Heavens, beyond the limit of forms, the Sidrat al-Muntah, to
within a bow-span’s length or nearer to the Presence of Allah. See
Holy Qur’an, Al-Isara (17):1. See Bukhari, Hadith 345, Vol. 1, Vol. 1,
227, Vol. 5.
Prayer niche of a Masjid (mosque), in front of which the Imam stands
when leading the congregational prayers.
Steps on which the Imam stands to deliver the Khutba on the day of the
Place five miles from Makkah and approximately ten miles from ‘Arafat.
An essential place to visit during the Hajj. For full information on
the importance of Mina during the Hajj. See Hajj.
MIQAT: Certain places specified by the Holy
Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for people
to assume Ihram on their way to doing the Hajj or an Umra. Plural:
The Mawaqeet are: Following are people
or nationalities of different places and their specified locations of
Miqat: 1.) (From Makkah itself)---- Tan’im Makkah 2.) Madinah
(from the north)---- Dhu’l-Hulayfa (Abar Ali) 3.) Najd, Arabia
(from the east) ---- Qar al-Manazil 4.) Yemen (from the South) Yalamlam
5.) Shaam (from the west and north-west)---- Al-Juhfa
6.)Iraq (from the north-east)---- Dhir 'Irq.
very poor and needy person. Plural:Maskeen.
A measure of weight for weighing gold in this world and deeds on the
Day of Judgment in the next world.
Qur’anic verse which have a clear-cut meaning.
MU’TAKIF: A person who is in the state of ‘Itikaf.
The man who calls the Adhan loudly before each obligatory Salat
(Prayer), calling the people to prayer.
(SALAT): Voluntary prayers regularly done. This type of
optional prayer was virtually always done by Muhammad, may Allah bless
him and grant him peace. See Nafilah.
The two Surahs of seeking protection, Surah Al-Falaq (113) and
Surat An-Nas (114). These Suwar were revealed for mankind and the Jinns to protect themselves from evil and black magic. It is Kufr
(unbelief) to delve into the black arts, since this is a denial of the
truth that there is no strength and no power except from Allah.
Blessed. Having received the blessing of Allah.
Glad tidings. Good dreams.
major, Destructive sins.
"The Cloaked One". Surah 74 of the Holy Qur’an.
last, shorter Surahs of the Holy Qur’an. All the Suwar
from Surah Qaf (50) to Surah an-Nas (114).
Same as Mufassal.
Muslim who remembers Allah Ta’ala constantly.
(SHIRK AL): A Major Shirk. Loving a created being or an
object more than Allah Ta'ala. See Shirk.
scholar of Ahadeeth (sayings and traditions of the Holy Prophet
Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace). plural: Muhaditeen.
Scholars of Ahadeeth (Sayings and traditions of the Holy Prophet
Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace). Singular: Muhadith.
A Muslim who emigrated from Makkah to Madinah during the time of the
great repression of the Muslim by the pagan Quraish up until the
conquest of Makkah 8AH by the prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and
grant him peace. Plural: Muhajireen.
Plural of Muhajir. See Holy Qur’an, Al-Hashr (59):8-9,
Al-Munafiqun (63):7. See Muhajir.
MUHAMMAD , MAY
ALLAH BLESS HIM AND GRANT HIM PEACE: The
Final Messenger of Allah Subhana wa Ta’ala to Ins wal Jinn (mankind and
the Jinn). Born in Makkah in 570AC. At the age 40 he was called upon to
become the mightiest of all messengers. He died in Madinah at the age
of 63 after gloriously completing his transmission of the divine
Message. He was the bringer of the greatest miracle of all time, the
Holy Qur’an. It is through him that Allah Ta’ala has enlightened
mankind and the Jinn until the Day of Judgment. He is the Best
Creation, may the blessings and peace of Allah be on him and his family
and his companions and all who follow him and them in what they are
able,with sincerity, until the Last Day. To those Jews and Christians
who rejected the holy Prophet Muhammad, let it be known that Muhammad
is actually mentioned by name in the Old Testament in the original
Hebrew Song of Solomon, Ch., 5 V. 16. Bu for some misguided reasons
they have chosen to adulterate it by changing it from "Muhammadim"
(in the Hebrew) to "altogether lovely" in the English.
(Muhammad + im is a term of respect in Hebrew.) Similarly, Muhammad is
actually mentioned by name in the New Testament in John 14:16-26, 15:26
and 16:13. The greek word "Periqleitos" (Paraclete), which is
the equivalent of the Aramaic word "Mhamda", means precisely
what "Ahmad" means in Arabic, "the most praiseworthy", and "Ahmad"
is one of the Prophet Muhammad’s name, may Allah bless him and grant
him peace. But for some misguided reasons they have chosen to
adulterate it by changing it from "Mhamda" (in the Aramaic) to
"Comforter" or "Counsellor" in the English. Many other references to
Muhammad which existed in the original Torah and Ingeel have been
removed altogether.Allah Taala's wrath awaits those who knowingly alter
or hide His words.Allah Ta’ala has given Muhammad, may Allah bless him
and grant him peace, the following names: Muhammad: The one who praises
and is praised. Ahmad: the Most praiseworthy. Al-Mahi: The effacer (of
Kufr). Al-’Aqib: The last . Mustafa: The chosen. Al-Amin: The
trusworthy. Surah 47 of the Holy Qur’an. For the chronological
list of the main events in the Prophet Muhammad’s life, may Allah bless
him and grant him peace:
first month of Islamic calendar. Strictly forbidden by Allah Subhana wa
1). Encompassing, in the sense of being all around them, thus
giving the sense that there will be no escape for the evildoers from
Allah and His punishment, and that the believers will find Allah’s
blessings and mercy wherever they turn. See Holy Qur’an, Al-Baqara
(2):19, Houd (11):84. 2). The ocean (because it encompasses
the land mass).
One who assumes Ihram. See Ihram.
A female who assumes Ihram. See Ihram.
Mu’sir who intends to do Hajj and Umra, but is unable to do so due to
One who is in a state of Ihsan and accordingly does right and does good
deeds. Plural: Muhsineen. See Ihsan.
People who do righteous deeds in a perfect
manner. Singular: Muhsin.
"She who disputes". The Woman referred to is Khawla
Tha’lab. Surah 58 of the Holy Qur’an.
MUJAHID: One who takes active part in a Jihad. Pural:
Mujahideen. See Jihad.
Muslims who take part in a Jihad. Singular:
Mujahid. See Jihad.
The act of carrying out Li’aan. See Li’aan.
MULAMMAS: "Touched", as a synonym of Lamas. See
MULHID: Atheist. A complete disbeliever in Allah
Ta’ala and the Last Day. Comes from Ilhad (atheism). Ilhad literally
means deviation. For a full explanation: See Ilhad. Plural: Mulhidoon
"The Sovereignty", of Allah Ta’ala. Surah 67 of
The area between the Black Stone and the
door of the Ka’aba where it is recommended to make Du’a.
"The Believer". Someone who trusts in Allah and accepts and
follows His Messengers, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.
Another name for Al-Ghafir. Surah 40 of the Holy Qur’an.
"The Believers". Surah 23 of the Holy Qur’an.
MUMTAHANA: "She that is to be Examined". Surah
60 of the Holy Qur’an.
"Thrown", as synonym of Nibadh. See Nibadh.
"Hypocrites". They are the worst of created beings, for they
pretend to, but do not believe in Allah and the Last Day. Allah has
cursed them (At-Tawbah (9):67-69) and on the Day of Judgment
they will occupy the lowest of the Nar (Hellfire), called "Hutama".
Also as Munafiqoon. Singular: Munafiq.
"The Hyprocrites". Surah 63 of the Holy Qur’an.
1). Name of one of the two angels who will question us in our
graves. See Munkar wa Nakir. 2). Something that is disapproved
of in Islam. 3). Something that is denied when it is said or
pointed out. 4).Something that is refused when offered.
NAKIR, PEACE BE ON THEM: The two
angels who will question the souls of the dead in their graves shortly
after burial about faith, asking, "Who is your Lord? Who is your
Prophet? What is your Book? W at was your Deen? See Malaikah.
Literally means "those who have been brought near". These are
the most exalted, the most loved by Allah Ta’ala. On the Day of
Resurrection, Allah Ta’ala will sort out the good and the evil into
three groups: 1). Muqarraboon - the exalted class, those
who are the nearest to Allah Ta’ala. Also described as the Sabiqoon,
meaning ‘those who outstrip the rest’. 2) . Ashab al-Maimana
- literally means "the Companions of the Right". These are the
righteous people, those who are destined to enter the Jannah
(Paradise). 3). Ashab al-Mashama - literally means "the
Companions of the Left". These people will be the inheritors of the Nar
(Hellfire). For full explanation on: Muqarraboon - see Al-Waqi’ah
(56):11-26. Ashab al-Maimana - see Al-Waqi’ah (56):27-40.
Ashab al-Mashama - see Al-Waqi’ah (56):41-56.
See Alif Lam Mim.
"The Emissaries". Surah 77 of
Literally means "those who are sent". It refers to the
prophets and messengers sent by Allah Ta’ala. Allah sent many prophets
and messengers to preach the message of Tawheed to Ins wal Jinn
(mankind and the Jinn). Their exact number is not mentioned in either
Holy Qur’an or in any of the authentic Ahadeeth. Here is a complete
list of the Prophets and messengers of Allah who are mentioned in the
Book of Allah Ta’ala, may the blessings and peace of Allah be on all of
them.Each prophet as listed below,is respectively identified according
to his a) Age b)Period of existence and c)Remarks or identification,as
- 1). Adam a)950--- 1000b) ???c)The
- 2). Idris a)83 b) ??? c)Enoch
- 3). Nooh (M) a)950 b)3900-2900 BC
c) Noah and the list goes on with the same set-up 'till the last in
prophet Muhammmad (PBUH)
- 4). Houd a)150 b)2500-2500 BC c)Preached
- 5). Saleh a)58 b)2000-1900 BC
c)Preached to Thamud
- 6). Ibrahim (M) a) 175
b)1861-1786 BC c)Abraham
- 7). Loot a)175 b)1861-1786 BC
- 8). Ismael a)120 or 143
b)1781-1638 BC c)Ishmael
- 9). Ishaq a)178 or 180
b)1761-1681 BC c)Isaac
- 10). Yacoub a)147 b)1700 1653 BC c)Jacob
- 11). Yusuf a)110 b)1610-1500 BC
- 12). Shuaib ? b)1600 1500 BC
c)Preached to Madyan
- 13). Ayoub a)92 b)1600-1500 BC
- 14). Dhu’l-Kifel a)75 b)1600-1500 BC
- 15). Musa (M) a)120
b)1436-1316 BC c)Moses
- 16). Haroon a)122 b)1436 1317 BC
- 17). Dawood (M) a)7
b)1439-937 BC c)David
- 18). Sulaiman a)53 b)985-932 BC
- 19). Ilyas ? b)9 BC ca. c)Elijah
- 20). Al-Yas’ ? b)9 BC ca. c)Elisha
- 21). Yunus ? 8 b)BC ca. c)Jonas
- 22). Zakaria a)120 b)100 BC 20 AC a)Father
- 23). Yahay a)30 b)1 30 AC c)John
- 24). Isa (M) a)33 b)1 33
- 25). Muhammad (M) a)63
b)571-632 AC c)The Final Messenger (M) - a messenger as well as
a prophet of Allah Ta’ala; i.e. one who came with a new message,
revelation that confirmed the earlier revelations, but which contained
new elements appropriate for its time. (M) - Messenger
MURTAD: "Apostate". Plural: Murtadeen.
People who become apostate, i.e. people who become unbelievers after
MUSA, PEACE BE
UPON HIM: Moses. One of the greatest prophets and messengers
place for praying that is not a Masjid.
MUSHRIK: A person who commits Shirk. See Shirk.
Literally means "Submission of will". i.e. to the will of Allah
the Almighty. A Muslim is someone who follows the way of Islam, not
abandoning what is Fard, keeping within the Hudood of Allah, and
following the Sunnah, in what he or she is able. A Muslim is by
definition one who is safe and sound, at peace in this world, and
promised the Garden in the next world.
who is considered weak, and therefore is treated in a disrespectful
manner. See Holy Qur’an, An-Nisaa (4):75.
of the names of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and
grant him peace, meaning "the chosen one’. See Muhammad.
"Recommended". but not obligatory’. See Ahkam.
A temporary marriage. This was permitted in the early period of Islamic
history, when the first Muslims were away from their homes for
extensive periods of time; but was abrogated by the Holy Prophet
Muhammad himself, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, at Khaibar
as is related by Ali ibn Abi Talib, may Allah be pleased with him, Sahi
Muslim and Sahi Bukhari.
into pieces. Destroyed. See Holy Qur’an. Al-A'raf (7):139.
"The people who deal in Fraud". Surah
of the Holy Qur’an
The fragrant air Jannah (Paradise).
A site between ‘Arafat and Mina where the Hujjaj (pilgrims) spend the
night of the 9th of Dhu’l Hijjah (after coming down from ‘Arafat). See
"The Enshrouded One". Surah 73 of the Holy