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Islambasics Library: Dictionary

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They surely disbelieve who say, "Lo! Allah is the third of three, " when there is no God but the One God. If they do not stop from saying so, a painful punishment will befall those of them who disbelieve. Al-Maida (5):73

They indeed have disbelieved who say, "Lo! Allah is the Messiah, Son of Mary." Say: Who then can do anything against Allah, if he had willed to destroy the Messiah, Son of Mary, and his mother and everyone on earth? Allah’s is the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them. He creates what He wants. And Allah is able to do all things. Al-Maida (5):17,

Surely those who purchase disbelief at the price of faith harm Allah not at all, but theirs will be a painful punishment. Aali ‘Imran (3):177.


QABR: "Grave". Life in the Qabr (the grave) is known as the "Barzakh", the interspace, because it comes between life in this world and life in the next world. The Qabr is know by six names: (1.) Bait-al-Ghurba (House of the Stranger) (2.) Bait-al-Wahda(House of Solitude) (3.) Bait al-Turab (House of Dust). (4.) Bait ad-Dood (House of worms). (5.) Bait al-Fitna (House of Trial). (6.) Bait al-Dhulma (House of Darkness) The grave is experienced as a place of peace and light and space by the Ruh of the Mumin who sees his or her place in the Garden in the Morning and in the evening; and is experienced as a place of torment and darkness and no space by the Ruh of the Kafr who sees his or her place in the Fire in the morning and in the evening. After death there is period of waiting in the grave for the Ruh until the Last Day arrives, when everyone who has ever lived will be brought back to life and gathered together. Their actions will be weighed in the Mizan (the Balance), and everyone will either go to the Garden or the Fire, forever.

QADA WA QADAR: Decree and Destiny. Qada means what Allah has ordained for all the worlds. Qada cannot be changed, for the decree of Allah is final. Qadar is the individual fate or destiny of each one of all His creatures. It also cannot be changed, but may be altered by Allah under circumtances, for "Allah has power over all things". Holy Qur’an, Al-Maidah (5):19.

QADR (AL): "The Power". The night of (Allah’s) power. Surah 97 of the Holy Qur’an.

QADR (LAILATUL): One of the last ten nights of Ramadan. See Holy Qur’an, Al-Qadar (97). See Lailatul-Qadr.

QAF: "Qaf". Surah 50 of the Holy Qur’an.

QAITIM: Straight and clear. Something which has no corners , bends or ambiguity. Something which is straightforward and clear and leads to the Right Path. It refers to the Holy Qur’an. See Holy Qur’an, Al-Kahf (18):2.

QALAM (AL): "The Pen". Surah 68 of the Holy Qur’an.

QALB: The heart, where true knowledge resides. Plural:Qulub.

QAMAR (AL): "The Moon". Surah 54 of the Holy Qur’an.

QARDAN HASANA: "A beautiful loan" (to Allah Ta’ala). Spending in the cause of Allah Ta’ala is described by Allah Ta’ala Himself as "a beautiful loan" because it entails self-denial for the sake of Allah Ta’ala. It is for this reason that Allah has promised a rich reward for those who expand their wealth in His Path. See Holy Qur’an, Al-Baqara (2):245, Al-Hadid (57):11,18.

QAREEN: (1.) One who performs Hajj al-Qiran. See Hajj. (2.) An independent soul that resides inside a person. It is normally a friendly companion who helps the individual, but sometimes gets jealous and cause problems. A male Qareen resides in a male person and a female Qareen in a female. (3.) Companion.

QARI: One who memorizes the Holy Qur’an by heart and constantly recites it. Early religious scholar or teacher. Plural:Qurra.

QARI’A (AL): "The Day of Clamour". Another name for the Day of Resurrection. Surah 101 of the Holy Qur’an.

QARN AL-MANAZIL: The Miqat of the pilgrims travelling through Najd, in Arabia (from the east). See Miqat.

QAROON: Korah. A wealthy Kafir who led a rebellion (of 250 men) against Prophets Musa (Moses) and Haroon (Aaron), peace be on them. As a punishment Allah caused the earth to open and swallow them up along with all that they possessed. See Holy Qur’an. Al-Qasas (28):76-82, Al-Ankabut (29):39.

QASAB: Pipes made of gold, pearls and other precious metals.

QASAMA (AL): The oath taken by fifty men of a tribe or a locality of a person who is being accused of murder, to refute accusations of complicity in unclear cases of homicide.

QASSAS (AL): "The Story". Surah 28 of the Holy Qur’an.

QASWA (AL): The name of the prophet Muhammad’s she-camel, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

QEEL WA QALL: Idle talk.

QIAM: The standing position during Salat.

QIAMA (AL): "The Ressurection". Surah 75 of the Hoily Qur’an.

QIAMUL-LAIL: Standing in prayer during the night.

QIBLAH: Direction in which all Muslims face when praying . Initially the Qiblah was towards al-Qudus (Jerusalem), then Allah Subhana wa Ta’ala ordered the Holy Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, to face al-Ka’ba in Makka al-Mukarramah. Everyone has a direction in life, but only the Muslims have this Qiblah. See Holy Qur’an, Al-Baqara (2):142-145, 149-150.

QIRADA: Apes. Allah Ta’ala uses this word with regard to some Jews who transgressed the Sabbath and who were transformed apes as a punishment. See Holy Qur’an, Al-Baqara (2):65.

QIRAN (HAJJ AL): "Combined Hajj." Umara, then Hajj, without taking off Ihram. See Hajj. QISSAS: Law of equal retaliation when punishing a person for injuries intentionally inflicted on someone else. See Holy Qur’an, Al-Baqara (2):178-179.

QIYAAS: A type of judgement reached by making analogy. When a judgement cannot be found in the Holy Qur’an or in the Sunnah of Rasoolu’lla, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, or from the ‘Ijma (universal agreement) of the ‘Ulamaa (the people of knowledge from amongst the Muslims), then a Qiyaas is made by comparing the matter being considered to a similar case judged by the Holy Prophet, and thereby arriving at a similar decision, which does not contradict the Qur’an or the Sunnah in any way.

QU’UD: Sitting position during Salat.

QUBAA: A Famous site of the outskirt of Al-madinah al-Munawwara. The Holy Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, established the first Masjid of Islam there. It was named Al-Masjid at-Taqwa (The Masjid of Awe) or Al-Masjid Quwatul-Islam (The Masjid of the Power of Islam). According to one Hadith, the Holy Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said visiting this Masjid on Saturday before noon and offering a two-Rak’a Salat there is equal (in reward) to doing an Umra. See Holy Qur’an, At-Taubah (9):107-108.

QULUB: Hearts. Only the remembrance of Allah makes the hearts calm and peaceful.Singular: Qalb.

QUNUT: Supplication in the Salat, particularly in the standing position after Ruku in the Fajr (Dawn) prayer.

QUR’AN: The "Recitation". The Holy Qur’an also called Al-Furqaan, "The discrimination (Between truth and falsehood)". The Final Revelation of Allah Subhana wa Ta’ala Himself (mankind and the Jinn). Allah Subhana wa Ta’ala Himself decreed that it is He who will preserve the Holy Qur’an from any deletion or addition or alteration until the Day of Resurrection. It is generally understood that it is a book meant for the Muslims alone. In fact, it is a book for all mankind and Jinns to follow up to the Day of Judgement, but it has been accepted only by those who have submitted their will (the Muslims) to Allah the Almighty. The people whom the Qur’an is intended to benefit are described in Suratul-Baqara (2):1-5. They are the successful ones, The Holy Qur’an was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, through the Angel Jibreel (the Angel Gabriel), peace be upon him, during a period of twenty-three years. The Holy Qur’an is the greatest of the Last Messenger’s miracle, since he could neither read nor write and had never received any formal education. The Holy Qur’an is the uncreated word of Allah. The Holy Qur’an contains 114 Suwar, composed of 6,616 Ayat, 77, 934 words and 323, 671 letters.

QURRA: One who memorizes the Holy Qur’an by heart and recites it constantly. Early religious scholars teachers. Singular: Qari


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