Allah is the light of
Heavens and the Earth. The likeness of His light is as if there were a
niche and in the niche is a lamp and in the lamp is a glass and the
glass as it were a shining star, from a blessed tree, an olive, neither
of the East nor of the West, whose oil is well nigh luminous though
fire has scarcely touched it. Light upon light. Allah guides the one He
wants to His light. And Allah strikes metaphors for mankind, and Allah
is the Knower of all things. (This lamp is found) in houses which Allah
has allowed to be exalted so that His Name shall be remembered therein.
Therein He is glorified in the morning and in the evening. An-Nur
RA: See Radia’llahu ‘Anhu.
(AR): "The thunder". Surah
13 of the Holy Qur’an.
‘ANHU/‘ANHA: May Allah be
pleased with him or her. This term is most commonly used whenever the
name of a Sahabi (a companion of the Prophet Muhammad, amy Allah bless
him and grant him peace) is mentioned, Radia’llahu Anhum, may Allah be
pleased with them.
Lord, Master, Owner. Allah Ta’ala is the "Rabbil ‘Alameen", the
Lord of the Worlds.
Title of Allah Ta’ala. Lord of all creation. Literally
means "Lord of the Worlds", both in the Seen and in the Unseen.
Your Lord. Your Master. See Rabb.
AL-AWAL: The third month of the Islamic Calendar. See
KHAFIDA: That which will raise
the lowly, and humble the proud, on the Day of Judgement.
(AR): "Ar-Raheem". Most Merciful. One of the ninety-nine
Attributes of Allah Ta’ala. It is said that the Attributes of Ar-Raheem
consists of the mercy of Allah that is only experienced by the Muslims,
whereas the Attributes of Ar-Rahman consist of the mercy of Allah that
is experienced by the whole creation. For example, all creatures are
fed until they die, but only the Muslims experience the reward of
breaking the fast at the end of each day of Ramadan, and the reward of
meeting the Lord in the next world. See Rahman (ar).
A man who lives in a monastery, a Christian monk.
Blood relations. It is extremely important for Muslims to keep in
contact with their blood relatives. In a Hadith Qudsi Allah Ta’ala
vowed by His Might and sublimity that He would cut off the person who
cuts off his blood relative.
(AR): "Ar-Rahman". Most
Gracious, Merciful. One of the ninety-nine Attributes of Allah Ta’ala. Surah
55 of the Holy Qur’an. This is Surah is referred to as "The Bride of
the Holy Qur’an".
ALLAH: The Mercy of Allah. It comes from one of the
Attributes of Allah Ta’ala - Ar-Rahman, The Merciful. See Raheem (ar).
A sweet-smelling flower.
The seventh month of the Islamic calendar. See Hijri
Violent earthquake. See Holy Qur’an, Al-A’raf (7):155.
(AR): Stoning. In Islamic law the Hadd punishment for
whoever is married and commits adultery is to be stoned to death.
A unit of the Salat (Prayer), a complete series of
standing, bowing, two prostatrations and sittings. Plural: Rak’at.
The ninth month of the Islamic calendar. It is very important month in
the Islamic world. (1.) It is month of fasting, during which
all adults Muslims who are in good helath fast from the first light of
dawn until sunset each day. During the first third of the fast you
taste Allah’s mercy; during the second third you taste Allah’s
forgiveness; and during the last third you taste freedom from the Fire.
See Holy Qur’an, Al-Baqara (2):185. (2.) It is the
month in which the revelation of the Holy Qur’an to our Holy Prophet
Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commenced. (3.)
The Lailatul Qadr (see Qadr, Lailatul) occurs in this month. (4.)
The famous Battle of Badr was fought and won in this month. (5.)
The Conquest of Makka by Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him
peace, took place in this month.
RAMAL: Hastening, walking brisky and moving the
shoulders brisky; usually done by men (only) in the first three
circuits of the Tawaf, but not in the remaining four.
RAMI: The act of throwing seven pebbles at each of
the three Jamras, representing Iblis (Satan), at Mina. See Jamrat
Messnger. A prophet of Allah Ta’ala who came with a pure revelation
from Allah to mankind and the Jinn. For a complete list of the
messengers and prophets referred to in the Qur’an: See Rusull.
A narrator of Ahadeeth.
(SHIRK AL): A minor Shirk. Carrying out a religious act of
worldly gains and not for the pleasure of Allah, e.g. giving Zakat for
the sake of fame or praise. See Shirk.
Usury. Usury is of two kinds. (1.) Riba Nasi’a -
taking interest on loaned money. (2.) Riba Fadal - taking
something of superior quality in exchange for giving less of the same
kind of thing of poorer quality. Allah Subhana wa Ta’ala has strictly
forbidden any kind of Riba and has warned of severe punishment to those
who have any association with it. This is because all Riba involves
getting something for nothing at someone else’s expense, and is
destructive. See Holy Qur’an, Al-Baqara (2):275-280, Aali ‘Imran
A cloth that is worn on the upper part of the body.
PEACE BE ON HIM: Name of the angel who is keeper of the
Gate of Jannah (Paradise). Literally means "Allah’s Good Pleasure".
Letter. Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,
sent many messengers with letters to various leaders of the world
inviting them to Islam. For example of such letters:
Narrations of Ahadeeth.
Provision. Sustenance. Is derived from the word "Al-Razaq".
The Provider or Sustainer, one of the ninety-nine Attributes of Allah
Spirit. See Holy Qur’an, Al-Hijr (15):29,
Al-Isra (17):85-86, Al-Mujadilah (58):22, Al-Ma’arif (70):4. An-Naba’
(78):38, Al-Qadr (97):4.
AL-QUDUS: The Holy Spirit. Another name for the Angel
Jibreel (Gabriel), peace be on him. His duty was to communicate between
Allah and His prophets. Allah Ta’ala strengthened the Prophet Isa
(Jesus), peace be on him, with Holy Spirit (Al-Baqara (2):87, 253).
This is one of the reasons why the Nasara (Chirstians) believe that the
Prophet Jesus was divine. If Jesus was Allah, then why did he need
strengthening? They also believed that the Holy Spirit was divine. If
the Holy Spirit was Allah, then how was He sent and by whom? Who has
the power to command Allah to go anywhere? Glory be to Allah, the Most
high. Surely they disbelieve who say that Allah has associate.
According to the Ulamaa min as-Sahaba (the people
of knowledge from among the companions of t he Prophet, may the
blessings and peace of Allah be on him and them, and their students),
the Roohu’llah can be considered in two distinct and different
ways: The Created - what belongs to Allah: i.e. Allah’s
slave, Allah’s House, Allah’s soul (i.e. soul created by Allah).
Consider the creation of Adam and the Prophet Isa (Jesus, Son Mary),
peace be on them. Allah said "Be" and they were created. The Creator
- Who is neither a person nor a thing : e.g. Allah’s statements
(Kalimatu’llah), Allah’s knowledge (‘Ilmu’llah). Allah says in the
Qur’an: "Say: ‘The spirit is by command of my Lord, and you have
only been given a little knowledge." Holy Qur’an, Al-sara
(AL): "The Romans". Surah 30 of the Holy Qur’an.
(TAWHEED AL): Unity of Lordship, To believe that there is
only one Lord, the Master and Creator of the Universe, Who oversees and
orders it in every moment, and that He is Allah Subhana wa Ta’ala. See
Pillar. Singular of Arkan. See Arkan.
The Bowing position during the Salat (Prayer).
A gift of a house given to somebody to live for as long as
they live, after which it is returned.
Divine words, usually from the Holy Qur’an, used as a recitation to
cure an illness or a disease.
Right conduct and correct behavior.
Messengers. All messengers are prophets, but not all prophets are
messengers. The Holy Qur’an mentions twenty-five Prophets, amongst whom
are six messengers: (1.) Nooh (Noah). (2.) Ibrahim
(Abraham). (3.) Dawood (David). (4.) Isa ibn Mariam
(Jesus, son of Mary). (5.) Muhammad May the blessings and peace
of Allah be on all the Prophets and messengers, on those who are known
and those who are not known, and on all their sincere followers in
every age. Singular: Rasool.