Think not of those who are
slain in the Way of Allah as dead. Nay, they are living, with their
Lord, and they have provision. Aali ‘Imran (3):169
Who does greater wrong than
he who invents a lie concerning Allah or denies Our signs? What has
been allotted to such people from the Book (of Destiny) will come to
them until, when our messengers (angels) come to take their souls, they
(the angels) will say: "Where (now) is whatever you used to pray to
instead of Allah" They (the unbelievers) will say: "They have deserted
us." And they will testify against themselves that they were disbelievers.
And Whoever opposes the
Messengers after the guidance (of Allah) was made clear to him, and
follows other than the way of the believers, we appoint for him that to
which he himself has turned, and expose him to Hell, a terrible
journey’s end! An-Nisaa (4):115
See Sallallahu ‘Alaihe wa Sallam.
MU’AZ: Chief of the Aus tribe, who later came to be known
as the Ansar. He died a Shaheed (martyr) as a result of a wound he
received in the Battle of Khandaq (also known as the Battle of
SA'I: Going seven times between
the small hills of Safa and Marwa;one of the essential rights of both
the hajj and Umra.See Safa and Marwa.
SA’ID: Blessed in the
sight of Allah, as opposed to Shaqi, which means wretched. See Holy
Qur’an, Houd (11):105.
third level of Hellfire. It is reserved for the
worshippers of fire. See Jahannam.
SAABIA: Worshippers of the stars, moons and other
heavenly bodies. Originally the people of Sabaa, the Queen of Sheeba.
SAAD: "Saad". Surah 38 of the Holy Qur’an.
AL-MATHANI: Another name for Surat al-Fatiha. Literally
means "The Seven Often Recited Verse". Every Muslim recites Surat
al-Fatiha at least seventeen times every day, and some a good deal
TUWAAL: The first seven long Suwar of the Holy Qur’an.
(AS): An easterly wind.
"Sabaa". City of Sheeba in Yemen. A city of
the king and Prophet Sulaiman, peace be on him, and the Queen of
Sheeba, Bilqis. Surah 34 of the Holy Qur’an. See Qur’an, An-Naml
(1). Road, path, way, a means to an end. (2). "Fee
Sabeeli’llah". In the path of Allah or in the cause of Allah.
SABIQOON: ‘Those who outstrip the rest, in the race
to draw near to the mercy and blessings and love of Allah. See
Muqarraboon. SABR: Patience and perseverance. Allah Ta’ala has promised
"Falaah" (success) in this world and in the Hereafter to those Muslims
who have Sabr, especially during times of hardship. See Holy Qur’an,
Aali ‘Imran (3):200.
SADAQA: (1. Anything given away in charity for the
pleasure of Allah. 2. One of the eight gates of Jannah. See Jannah.
SAFA: A small hill in Makka to the east
Al-Masjid al-Haram. The Hujjaj must walk seven times between the two
small hills of Safa and Marwa. This is called Sa’i.
MARWA: Two small hills in Makkah, in Al-Haram as-Shareef
(the Grand Masjid) to the east. It is an essential part of an Umra and
the Hajj to walk seven times between the two places, quickening one’s
step briefly between them . This is called Sa’i. See Holy Qur’an,
forgave". Forgiving in the sense of
overlooking, ignoring or turning away from misdeeds. See Maghfira.
(AS): "The Battle Ranks". Surah 61 of the Holy
(AS): "Those Ranged in Ranks". Surah
37 of the Holy Qur’an.
raised platform. A verandah attached to the Prophet’s Mosque in Madina
where poor Muslims, including some of his most exalted companions, used
to sleep, may the blessings and peace of Allah be on him and them.
(AL): Minor sins committed by Ins wal-Jinn (mankind and
Jinn) against Allah Ta’ala.
Companion, particularly any companion of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, may
Allah bless him and grant him peace. Plural: Sahabiyeen.
SAHABIYEEN: The companions of the Holy Prophet
Muhammad, may the blessings and peace of Allah be on him, his family
and his companions. Singular: Sahabi.
SAHIH: Healthy and sound with not defects.
Authentic, as regards Ahadeeth, such as Sahi Bukhari and Sahi Muslim.
BUKHARI: A book of authentic Ahadeeth compiled by Imam
MUSLIM: A book of authentic Ahadeeth compiled by Imam
Literally means forgetting. If one adds to or substracts from what is
required during the Salat (Prayer), out of forgetfulness or lack of
attention, then one must perform two extra prostrations at the end of
the Salat. This is called Sajda Sahu.
SAIYID: Master. It is a title given to the
descendants of the Prophet Muhammad, may the blessings and peace of
Allah be on him and his family.
SAIYIDINA: Our master. This usually refers to
Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, but may also be used
when mentioning the name of any prophet of Allah Ta’ala.
ANBIYAA WAL MURSALEEN: "The Master of all Prophets and Apostle". This is the title of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, may Allah
bless him and grant him peace. He is also called: 1). Imamul
Mursaleen - the leader of all Prophets. 2). Ashraful Mursaleen
- the Most Honoured amongst all the Prophets.
Prostration. The act of making prostration, particularly in the Salat
(prayer). 2). "The Prostration". Surah 32 of the Holy
Qur’an. It is so called because it contains a verse (verse 15)
whereby, if one hears it being recited, one must prostrate. There are
fifteen such Ayat (verse) in the Holy Qur’an. One should be in Ghusl
and in Wudu when in Sajda. Plural: Sujud.
SAHU: See Sahu.
AL-MAUT: The ‘drunkenness’ of death. There are three signs
which indicate that the person who is suffering the pangs of death is a
believer: 1. Sweating on the forehead. 2. Tears appear in the eyes. 3.
The nostrils dilate. Likewise, the three signs of a disbeliever next to
death are: 1. Irregular breathing. 2. Changing Colour. 3. Frothing at
SAKINA: Calm, peaceful tranquility, perfect
calmness, serenity, due to the Presence of Allah being made clear and
apparent. See Holy Qur’an, At-Taubah (9):26, 40, Al-Fath (48):4,
1. Synonym of Salaf. See Salaf. 2. Peace, peace of the body and soul in
all aspects. See Holy Qur’an, Mariam (19):62.
A price paid for goods to be delivered later.
SALAFI: Literally, "the early years". Salafi is
used generally to describe the early generations of the Muslims,
particularly the companions of the messengers of Allah and those who
followed them, may the blessings and peace of Allah be on him and them.
In the present age the term is sometimes used to describe a Muslim who
closely follows the Sunnah of the Holy Prophet Muhammad and
As-Salafiyeen as-Saliheen, the righteous companions of Muhammad.
AS-SALIHEEN (AS): All the
righteous companions of the Holy Prophet Muhammad who followed the Holy
Prophet in all that he did and said, without any deviation or
misinterpretation, may the blessings and peace of Allah be on him and
SALAT: 1. Prayers. There are five daily
obligatory prayers in Islam, consisting of fixed sets of standings,
bowings, prostrations and sitting in worship to Allah. These are called
Rak’at. The number of Rak’at in each prayer and their timings are: i.
Fajr - dawn - two Rak’at. ii. Duhr - Noon - four Rak’at. iii. ‘Asr -
Afternoon - four Rak’at. iv- Maghreb - sunset - three Rak’at. v. Isha -
late evening - four Rak’at. These five Salat are one of the Arkan of
Islam. See Arkan. It is necessary to be in Ghusl and in Wudu when doing
the Salat. For voluntary Salat: See Nafilah. 2. One of the eight gates
of Jannah (Paradise). See Jannah.
A Nafl Salat that is prayed after sunrise and before noon.
Funeral Prayer. It is permitted to do salatul Janaza only over
the dead bodies of Muslims. This prayer is done in the standing
position only, and usually immediately before the burial. It contains
four Takbirs: 1. After the first Takbir - read Suratul Fatiha. After
the second Takbir - recite any Dua’a for the Prophet Muhammad, may
Allah bless him and grant him peace, but it is preferred to do the
Tashahud (see Tashahhud) and the Salat al-Ibrahimiya: "Allahumma Alle
‘ala Muhammad wa ‘ala alee Muhammad kama Salaita Ibrahim wa ‘ala
Ibrahim; fill ‘alameen innaka hameedun majeed. Allahumma barak ‘ala
Muhammad wa’ala alee Muhammad kama barak ta ibrahim wa’ala alee
Ibrahim; fill ‘alameen innaka hamidun majeed." (O" Allah, bless
Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as You blessed Ibrahim and the
Family of Ibrahim. In all the worlds surely You are Praiseworthy,
Glorious. O Allah, give Muhammad blessing and the family of Ibrahim. In
all the worlds surely You are Praiseworthy, Glorious.") 3. After the
third Takbir - pray for the deceased person, his or her relatives and
the Muslim people in general. 4. After the fourth Takbir - this marks
the end of salat. Face your right shoulder and say "Assalamu Alaykum
warahmatullah" ("Peace be on you and the Mercy of Allah").
SALATUL-SHURUQ: A Nafl Salat of four Rak’at that is
prayed a short while after sunrise.
A special Nafl Salat of four Rak’at. This Salat
involves praising Allah Ta’ala by including "Subhanallah, wal hamdu
lillah, wa la ilaha illalah, wallahu akbar" ("Glory to Allah, and
praise to Allah, and there is no God except Allah and Allah is
Greatest") seventy-five times in each Rak’a.
The belongings of person killed in battle; e.g. his weapons, horse,
PEACE BE ON HIM: A prophet of Islam. He was sent to the
people of Thumud who lived in the north-western part of the Arabian
Peninsula. They were destroyed for rejecting him. The remains of their
stone dwellings still exist today. See Holy Qur’an, Al-’Araf
(7):73-79, At-Tawbah (11):61-68, Ash-Shu’ara (26):141-159, An-Naml.
and goodly person, someone who is in the right place at the right time.
It may also mean healthy and sound body and soul.
‘ALAIHE WA SALLAM: May the
peace and blessing of Allah be upon him. This is said whenever the name
or title of the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him
peace, is mentioned or read.
AL-FARISI: A famous Persian Muslim who helped to defend
Madina from the pagan Quraish tribe in the months of Shawal and
Dhu’l-Qa’da in 5AH by suggesting that the Muslims dig a trench around
the unprotected parts. This battle came to be known as the Battle of
Khandaq (Trench), or the Battle of Al-Ahzab (the Clans), See Holy
Qur’an, Al-Ahzab (33):9-22. Prior to his accepting Islam, Salman
al-Farisi had first embraced Judaism and then Christianity. He spent
his life in search for knowledge and found it with the Prophet whose
coming he had learned about from the Jews and the Christians of that
time, Muhammad, may the blessings and peace of Allah be on him.
SALSABIL: A Fountain in Jannahy. Literally means
"Seek the way". See Holy Qur’an, Al-Insan (76):18.
PEACE BE ON HIM: Name of the
special angel who takes the souls of the Mu’minoon (the believers)
wrapped in silk through the Seven heavens and presents them to Allah
Subhana wa Ta’ala before returning them to their bodies and prior to
putting them in their graves.
In the sense of ‘Sky’. "Sab’a Samawat" - Seven Heavens. Plural:
(AS): Does not have an exact meaning in English. The
closest word or words that indicate the meaning are: 1. Absolute" and
"Eternal" and "Everlasting". 2. The One toWhom all created beings turn
to for all their needs, and Who is not depending on anything or anyone
for any need. 3. The Most Perfect in His Attributes. One of the
ninety-nine Attributes of Allah Ta’ala. For a complete list:
"Sab’a Samawat" - Seven Heavens, Singular: Sama.
The fourth Level of the Nar (Hellfire). This is where the atheists will
be sent on the Day of Judgement. See Jahannam.
small army sent by Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peae,
for a Jihad in which he did not personally take part.
SAYDD: Hunting for game. In Islam it is
permitted to hunt game, provided that the hunting and killing of the
game is done within the Shari’ah law. Saydd is prohibitted within the
sacred precincts of the Haramiain. See Holy Qur’an, Al-Maidah
Fasting, from food and drink - and from sexual intercourse if you are
married - during daylight, from the first light of dawn until sunset.
Also spelled as Saum. Fasting in themonth of Ramadan is one of the
Arkan (five pillars) of Islam. Allah Ta’ala has made it obligatory on
every Muslim whether man or Woman, with the exception of: 1.A person
who is ill. 2. A person on a journey of 16 Farsakhs (48 Miles) or more.
3. A Woman who is menstruating or who has just given brith. Once these
situations no longer apply, the missed days must be compensated. The
very young are exempted. The aged should fast, but if they find it
difficult then they too are exempted and may feed poor people instead.
See Holy Qur’an, Al-Baqara (2):184-185, 187.
the eighth month of the Islamic calendar. See Hijri.
north of Arabia which is now divided into Syria, Palestine, Lebanon and
Intercession. On the Day of Judgement Allah Ta’ala, through His Grace
and Mercy, will permit the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and
grant him peace, to intercede on behalf of the Muslim Ummah. Three
other groups may also be given leave to intercede: 1. The Anbiyaa - the
prophets. 2. The Ulama - the people of knowledge from amongst the
Muslims. 3. The Shuhadaa - the martyrs who died in the cause of Allah
To witness, in this world. See Shahadatain. 2. To bear
witness, on the Day of Judgement. There will be four witness on Yaum
al-Hisab (the Day of Reckoning): i. The Prophet Muhammad, may Allah
bless him and grant him peace, and the Muslim Ummah against all the
other Ummahs (communities and nations). ii. The earth and the day and
the night will be given the power to speak and bear witness. iii.
Everyone’s limbs will bear witness for or againts their owners. iv.
One’s deeds. Singular of Shahadatain.
SHAHADATAIN: Bearing witness. In order to become a
Muslim one must utter and believe in two Shahadas (Shahadatain): First
Shahada: Ashhadu an la illa ill’allah. ( I bear witness that there is
no deity worthy of worship except Allah.) Second Shahada: Ashhadu anna
Muhammadar rasoolullah. (I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger
of Allah.) The Shahadatain is the gateway to Islam and the gateway to
the Garden. It is easy to say, but to act on it is a vast undertaking
which has far-reaching consequenccs, in both inward awareness and
outward action, in this world and in the next world. Continual
affirmation of the Shahadatain is one of the Arkan of Islam. See Arkan.
SHAHAWAT: Desires and passion.
in the cause of Allah Ta’ala. There have been many
Shuhadaa in Islamic history, amongst whom are the following: Hamza,
martyred at the Battle of Uhud in 4AH. Umar, Stabbed in Madinah on
27/12/23 AH. Uthman, axed at his home on 17/12/35 AH. Ali, stabbed
while in Sajda on 17/9/40 AH. Hussein, martyred at the Battle of
Karbulah (Iraq) om 9/1/61AH. Whoever is killed in the way of Allah goes
straight to the Garden, may Allah be pleased with all of them. See
Holy Qur’an, An-Nisaa (4):117-120. Plural: Shuhadaa.
SHAITAN: Satan. An evil Jinn who prompts mankind
and Jinn to rebel againts Allah. We seek refuge in Allah from the evil
that He has created. Plural: Shayateen. See Iblis. See Holy Qur’an,
(ASH): A famous place near Madinah on the way to Makkah.
ZANN (KUFR ASH): A major
disbelief. Doubting any or all of the six artcles of faith (see
‘Aqaid). See Kufr.
(ASH): "The Sun". Surah 91 of the Holy Qur’an.
Wretched in the sight of Allah, as opposed to Sai’d, which means
blessed in the sight of Allah. See Holy Qur’an, Houd (11):105.
SHARI’A: Islamic Law as ordained by Allah Ta’ala.
Literally it means ‘a road’. The Sharia is the legal and social
modality of people based on the revelation of their propeht. The last
Shari’a in History is that of Islam. It abrogates all previous
Shari’as. It is, being the last, therefore the easiest to follow, for
it is applicable to the whole human race wherever they are.
month of the Islamic Calendar. See Hijri.
SHAYATEEN: Devils. Plural of Shaitan.
type of marriage which is forbidden where persons
exchange daughters or sisters in marriage without giving Mahr (dowry).
of Tawheed. To associate anyone or anything with Allah Subhana wa
Ta’ala. Shirk is idol-worship. Idol-worship means attributing form to
Allah, encasing Him in an object, a concept, a ritual or a myth - when
Allah has no form, is not like anything and cannot be conceived of or
preceived. Allah the Most Merciful is prepared to forgive any sin a man
or Jinn may commit, except for dying in a state of Shirk. There are
threed types of Shirk: 1. Shirk al-Akbar (major Shirk). This is divided
into four categories: a. Shirk ad-Du’a - invoking or supplicating to a
false deity besides Allah Ta’ala, i.e. invocation or supplication by
either invoking other than Allah or invoking Him through a created
being or thing, such as a prophet, an angel, a saint, or even a bank
manager. b. Shirk al-Niyyah wa Iraada wal Qasd - having the intention
and determination to deliberately do any type of act of worship to a
deity other than Allah Ta’ala. c. Shirk at-Ta’a - Obeying any created
being or an object more than Allah Ta’ala. 2. Shirk al-Asghar (Minor
Shirk). a. Shir a-Rea’ - Carrying out a religious act for worldly gains
and not for the pleasure of Allah, e.g. giving Zakat for the sake of
fame or praises. b. Shirk at-Tasmee’ swearing by other than Allah, and
according relaying on other than Allah, or attaching more impotance to
other than Allah. 3. Shirk al-Khafy (hidden Shirk) - being dissatisfied
with what Allah has ordained for a particular person. Hidden Shirk is
to inwardly associate something or someone as partner with Him,
especially one’s self.
PEACE BE UPON HIM: A prophet of Islam. He was sent to the
people of Madyan (Midian), but they rejected him, so Allah Ta’ala
destroyed them with an earthquake. See Mursaleen. See Holy Qur’an,
Al-A’raf (7);85-93, Houd 911):84-95.
who die Fee Sabeeli’llah (in the path of Allah)..
Allah has designated eight things for the Shuhadaa alone: They are the
first to be forgiven. They are the first to see their place in Jannah
They are exempted from ‘Adhabul-Qabr (trials and tribulations in the
grave). They will be exempted from fear on the Day of Ressurection.
They will crowned with the "Tajal-Waqar" (literally means "the crown of
respect") on that Day. They will each be married to seventy-two
"Houri’een" (see Hooriah). They will each be given permission to
intercede on behalf of seventy-two of their relatives. The sweetness of
Iman will physically glow from within them. Singular: Shaheed. See
(ASH): "The Consultation". Surah 42 of the Holy Qur’an.
AND SADDIQEEN: The sincere and
thruthful. The first and foremost followers of the prophets of Allah
Subhana wa Ta’ala, may the blessing and peace of Alllah be on them. See
Holy Qur’an, An-Nisaa (4):69.
AL-MUNTAHA: "The lote-tree of the furthest limit." A tree
over the Seventh Heaven near Paradise, the place where form ends and
beyond which no cretaed being may pass. See Holy Qur’an, An-Najm
A place in Syria where in 36 AH, a famous battle between the followers
of Ali, the Khalifa, and the followers supporting the claims of
Mu’awiyah Ibn Abi Sufyan took place byh the River Euphrates, may the
blessings and peace of Allah be on whoever follows right guidance. A
place near Al-Madinah al-Munawwarah.
SIJJIN: Comes from the root word ‘Sijjin, which
means ‘prison’. Its exact nature is known to Allah Ta’ala alone. All
that is revealed to us is that it is where the record of the evil doer
is recorded; in contrast, the record of the righteous is kept in
Illyou. See Holy Qur’an, Al-Mutafifeen (83): 7-9.
(AS): Literally means "road".
It is the bridge over the Nar (Hellfire) which must be crossed to enter
the Garden on the Day of Judgement. It is described in Ahadeeth as
being narrower than the blade of asword, thinner than a hair and as
having hooks over it to snatch wrongdoers and throw them into Jahannam.
Some will cross the Siraat into the Garden like lightning or like the
wind, some with ease, some with difficulty, some with great difficulty
and some will fall into the waiting Fire below. See Holy Qur’an,
Literally means "the straight path". The path that the
Holy Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,
demonstrated to mankind and the Jinn by way of the Holy Qur’an and
Ahadeeth. The path that leads to the Garden.
SIRQ: Theft. One of the Kabair (major sins) in
Islam. Allah Ta’ala has ordained that the hand that steals be severed,
under certain circumtances.
recitation of the Holy Qur’an and during Salat, as in Duhr and ‘Asr
A piece of branch or root of a tree called al-Arak used as a tootbrush.
SOHT: Ill-gotten property or money. Forcing
someone to part with their good or money through theft, coercion,
embezzlement, usury or by any other means that will incur the wrath of
"Morning". Another name for the first obligatory Salat (Prayer) which
is performed at dawn. See Fajr.
ALLAH: Glory be to Allah. Far removed is He from anything
imperfect associated with Him and far removed is He from anything
unsuitable ascribed to Him!
RABBI AL-’ADHEEM: "Glory be to
my Lord, the Greatest." This is said three times when one is in Ruku’
during Salat (prayers). See Rak’a.
RABBI AL-’ALA: "Glory be to my
Lord, the Most high." This is said three times when one is in Sujud
during Salat (prayers). See Sajda.
WA TA’ALA: "May He be Glorified and Exalted." One of the
many ways of glorifying Allah the Almighty. It means "Glory be to Allah
on High. Far removed is He from any imperfection". The shortened from
of this glorification is "Allah Ta’ala".
(AS): A shaded place in Masjid al-Rasool, may Allah bless
him and grant him in peace, in Madinah where poor people used to take
meal taken before fajr in the month of Ramadan
SUJUD: See Sajda.
PEACE BE ON HIM: Solomon. A
prophet of Islam and a wise king. He was the son of the Prophet (and
king) Dawood (David), peace be on both of them. He ruled the
north-western Arabian Peninsula for about forty years. Allah Ta’ala
gifted him with many powers, which included having power over the
winds, being able to converse with the birds and ants and other
animals, and having power over the evil Jinn. See Holy Qur’an,
Al-Anbiya (21):79-82, An-Naml 927):15-44, Saba (34):12-14, Saad
SUNNAH: All traditions and practices of Muhammad,
may Allah bless him and grant him peace, that are recorded not only in
such books as Sahi Bukhari and Sahi Muslims, but also in living people
to whom these traditions and practices have been transmitted, from
person to person, from then until now. Although the Sunnah has come to
refer almost exclusively to the pratice of the Messenger of Allah, may
Allah bless him and grant him peae, it also comprises the customs of
the first generation of Muslims in Madina. They learned their Islam
directly from the Prophet, not from books, and transmitted what they
had learned to the next generation. Thus they have become models who
all Muslims should follow. The Sunnah is a complete behaviourial
science that has been systematically kept outside the learning
framework of this society. It cannot be learned from books, although
books can be helpful. It can only be learned from real Muslims who are
true teachers. Plural Sunnan.
of Sunnah. See Sunnah.
chapter of the Holy Qur’an. Literally means "a form".
There are 114 Suwar in the Holy Qur’an. Plural; Suwar.
1. The Opening (Al-Fátíha)
2. The Cow (Al-Baqarah)
3. The Family Of Ìmrán (Al-Ìmrán)
4. Women (An-Nisáa)
5. The Table Spread (Al-Máída)
6. The Cattle (Al-Anàam)
7. The Heights (Al-Aráf)
8. Spoils of War (Al-Anfál)
9. Repentance (Al-Tauba)
10. Jonah (Yünus)
12. Joseph (Yüsuf)
13. The Thunder (Al-Ràd)
14. Abraham (Ibráhím)
15. The Rocky Tract (Al-Hijr)
16. The Bee (An-Nahl)
17. The Night Journey (Al-Isrá)
18. The Cave (Al-Kahf)
19. Mary (Maryam)
21. The Prophets (Al-Anbiyáa)
22. The Pilgrimage (Al-Hajj)
23. The Believers (Al-Müminün)
24. Light (An-Nür)
25. The Criterion (Al-Furqán)
26. The Poets (Ash-Shuàráa)
27. The Ants (An-Naml)
28. The Stories - Narration (Al-Qasas)
29. The Spider (Al-Ànkabüt)
30. The Romans (Ar-Rüm)
31. The Wise (Luqmán)
32. Adoration (As-Sajdah)
33. The Confederates (Al-Ahzáb)
34. The City of Sabá (Sabá)
35. The Originator (Fátir)
37. Those Ranged in Ranks (As-Sáffát)
38. (The Letter) Sád (Sád)
39. The Groups - Troups (Az-Zumar)
40. The Believer (Ghafir -Al-Mümin)
41. Signs - Spelled out (Fussilat)
42. Consultation (Ash-Shüra)
43. Gold Adornments (Az-Zukhruf)
44. Smoke (Ad-Dukhán)
45. Bowing the Knee (Al-Játhiya)
46. Winding Sand-tracts (Al-Ahqáf)
48. Victory (Al-Fath)
49. The Inner Apartments (Al-Hujurát)
51. The Winds that Scatter (Az-Záriyát)
52. The Mount (At-Tür)
53. The Star (An-Najm)
54. The Moon (Al-Qamar)
55. The Most Gracious (Ar-Rahmán)
56. The Inevitable Event (Al-Wáqiá).
57. Iron (Al-Hadíd)
58. The Woman who Pleads (Al-Mujádala).
59. The Gathering - Exile (Al-Hashr).
60. The Woman to be Examined (Al-Mumtahana)
61. Battle Array (As-Saff)
62. The Assembly (Friday) Prayer (Al-Jumuá)
63. The Hypocrites (Al-Munáfiqün)
64. Mutual Loss and Gain (At-Tagábun)
65. Divorce (At-Talaq)
66. Holding (Something) to be Forbidden (At-Tahrím)
67. The Dominion (Al-Mulk)
68. The Pen, the Letter N (Al-Qalam, Nün)
69. The Sure Reality (Al-Háqqa)
70. The Ways of Ascent (Al-Màárij)
71. Noah (Nüh)
72. The Jinn (Al-Jinn)
73. Folded in Garments (Al-Muzzammil)
74. One Wrapped Up (Al-Muddaththir)
75. The Resurrection (Al-Qiyámah)
76. Time, Man (Ad-Dahr, Al-Insán)
77. Those Sent Forth (Al-Mursalát)
78. The (Great) News (An-Nabaa)
79. Those Who Tear Out (An-Náziàát)
80. He Frowned (Àbasa)
81. The Folding Up (At-Takwír)
82. The Cleaving Asunder (Al-Infitár)
83. Dealing in Fraud (Al-Mutaffifín)
84. The Rending Asunder (Al-Inshiqáq)
85. The Zodiacal Signs (Al-Burüj)
86. The Night Visitant (At-Táriq)
87. The Most High (Al-Alá)
88. The Overwhelming Event (Al-Gáshiya)
89. The Dawn (Al-Fajr)
90. The City (Al-Balad)
91. The Sun (Ash-Shams)
92. The Night (Al-Lail)
93. The Glorious Morning (Ad-Dhuhá)
94. The Expansion (Al-Inshiráh)
95. The Fig (At-Tín)
96. The Leech-like Clot (Al-Álaq)
97. The Night of Power (Al-Qadr)
98. The Clear Evidence (Al-Baiyina)
99. The Convulsion (Az-Zalzalah)
100. Those that Run (Al-Àdiyát)
101. The Day of Clamor (Al-Qárìa)
102. Piling Up (At-Takáthur)
103. The Time Through Ages (Al-Àsr)
104. The Scandal-monger (Al-Humaza)
105. The Elephant (Al-Fíl)
107. Neighborly Needs (Al-Máün)
108. Abundance (Al-Kauthar)
109. Those Who Reject Faith (Al-Káfirün)
110. Help (An-Nasr)
111. The Flame (Al-Lahab)
112. Purity of Faith (Al-Ikhlás)
113. The Dawn (Al-Falaq)
114. Mankind (An-Nás)
SUTRA: An object like a pillar, wall, stick or
anything that is placed in front of a praying person so that people
will pass beyond it and not ‘break’ his or her Qiblah and
Chapters. There are 114 Suwar in the Holy Qur’an. Singular: Surah.