Abu Said, may Allah be
pleased with him, related that the prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless
him and grant him peace, said: "When the coffin is ready and is lifted
by people onto their shoulders, then if it is that of a virtuous person
it urges, ‘Take me ahead, take me ahead!’ If it is that of a
non-virtuous person it says, ‘Damn it! Where are you taking me?’ It is
a voice heard by everything except humans, and if they could hear it
they would be struck unconscious." Saheeh Bukhari
Aisha,may Allah be pleased
with her, related that the Holy Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant
him peace, used to stand up so long during his voluntary prayers at
night that the skin of his feet would become swollen. Therefore I said
to him, "O Messenger ofAllah, why do you stand so long in prayer when
Allah has forgiven all your past and future sins (if any)?" He, may
Allah bless him and grant him peace, replied, "Then may I not become
the most grateful servant of Allah?" Sahi Bukhri and Sahih Muslim
Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, related that the Prophet
Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said: "Allah is kind
and likes kindness in all things." Saheeh Muslims and Saheeh
(AT): "Mutual Loss". Another name
for the Final Hour. Surah 64 of the Holy Qur’an.
TA HA: "Ta
Ha". Surah 20 of the Holy Qur’an.
TAWEEL: Interpretation. Especially interpretation of
the Holy Qur’an.
to Allah and performing good deeds.
(SHIRK AL): A major Shirk. Obeying any created being against
the command of Allah. Beware of such Shirk! It is very easy to commit.
the poor and the hungry.
name for Madinah.
Follower. A muslim who has seen or met a Sahabi (a companion of the
Prophet Muhammad, may the blessings and the peace of Allah be on him
and his family and his companions and all who follow him and them in
what they are able, with sincerity, until the Last Day). Plural;
TABI’EEN: Plural of Tab’e. See Tab’e.
TABUK: A famous town 400 miles north of Madinah
al-Munawarah close to Shamm. In 9Ah the Messenger of Allah, may Allah
belss him and grant him peace, hearing that the Byzanitines were
gathering a large army to march against the Muslims, led a large
expedition to Tabuk, on what was to be his last campaign, only to find
that the Byzantine army had withdrawn back into its own territory.
A commentary. There are several reliable Tafsir on the meanings of the
Ayaat of the Qur’an, including those of Ibn Kathir, Jalalayn and
NAFL: Voluntary Salat (prayer) that is done any time at
night between Salat al-Isha and Salat al-Fajr.
Purification. Tahara is accomplished in a variety of ways, e.g. (1).
Souls--- in order for the soul to be pure one must submit one’s whole
self to Alllah Ta’ala, i.e.e become a Muslim. (2). Bodies---
They are purified through Tayammum, Wudu or Ghusl, depending on the
circumstances. For a full explanation: See Tayammum, Wudu and Ghusl. (3).
Clothing. Three things indicate that clothes may be impure and need
washing; a.) If they smell. b.) If they are wet and c) the cause of the
wetness is either unknown or known to be impure or dirty if they are
unsoiled. See Tahara.
the words of praise to Allah Ta’ala, i.e. saying
"Al-Hamdu lilahe Rabbil ‘Alameen" (Praise be to Allah the Lord of the
of the Holy Qur’an in a very slow manner. This
method is used only when learning or teaching Tajweed.
city fifty miles east of Mekkah, where the Prophet
Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went to preach after
being rejected, beaten and nearly killed by the pagan Quraish of Makkah
in the second year before Hijra. There too ,he suffered beatings and
humiliation. On his return journey to Makkah, Allah Ta’ala revealed to
him that although the people of Taif reject him, the Jinn had accepted
him. It was then that Suratul Jinn (Surah 72) was revelaed to him.
TAJWEED: Recitation of the Holy Qur’an with precise
articulation and exact intonation.
(AL): "The Race for Wordly Gains". Surah 102 of
the Holy Qur’an.
Saying "Allahu Akbar" ("Allah is the Greatest"). This is said
when beginning the Salat and when changing from one one position to
another during Salat (prayers).
someone with Kufr (disbelief in Allah). It is very dangerous for one
Muslim to level the charge of Tafkir against another Muslim. If such an
accusation is made, then one of them is a Kafir. If the accuser is
correct in his accusation, then the accused is Kafir, but if the
accusation is unfounded, then the accuser is a Kafir.
(KUFR AL): A major disbelief. It is defying the Divine
Truth. See Kufr.
(AT): "The Overthrowing". Surah 81 of the Holy
Divorce". Surah 65 of the Holy Qur’an.
call that the pilgrims make to their Lord of the Hajj, saying: "Labbaik,
labbaik, Allahumma labbaik." ("I am totally at Your service,I am
totally at your service,O Allah, i am totally at your service .") "la
Shareeka laka labbaik." ("You have no partner, I am totally at
Your service.") "Innal hamda wa n’imata laka wal mulk."
("Truly, the praise and the blessing are Yours, and the dominion.")
"La Shareeka lak." ("You have no partners.")
saul. he led his army against the army of jalut
(Goliath). See Holy Qur’an, Al-Baqara (2):247-249.
(HAJJ AL): "Interrupted Hajj". Umra,
followed by Hajj, but taking off the Ihram in between these two stages.
The place where Makkans put on their Ihram to perform an Umra or Hajj.
It is a place just on the northern outskirts of Makkah. See Miqat
Garlanding sacrificial animals, especially during the Hajj. In
reference to Fiqh, it means the following of previous authorities and
the avoidance of Ijtihad.
of Allah, being careful, knowing your place in the
cosmos. Its proof is the experience of awe, of Allah, which inspires a
person to be on guard against wrong action and eager for actions
pleasing to Allah. Fearing Allah as He should be feared is one of the
signs of being faithful Muslims. Piety and restarint (through Taqwa) in
times of hardship are signs of having achieved the essence and spirit
of Islam, and thus Allah’s blessing. See Holy Qur’an, Aali ‘Imran
(3):102-103, Al-Hashr (59):18-19.
TAQWIM: Mould, Shape, form, etc. Allah Ta’ala created
man in the best of forms, but then abased him to the lowest of the low.
See Holy Qur’an, At-Teen (95):4-5.
Nafl Salat (prayers) that are done after Isha Salat during the month of
Ramadan, in order to recite the Qur’an as fully as possible, or
completely. They are usually done in congregation, but may also be done
(AL): "The Night Visitant". Surah 86 of the Holy
TARTEEL: Measured recitation of the Holy Qur’an taking
extreme care with regard to the rules of slow reading, pausing and
stopping at every point.
Start of the Hajj. The 8th of Dhu’l Hijjah when the Hujjaj leave Makka
and Set out to Mina.
the following: "Subhanallah" ("Glory
be to Allah") 33 times, "Allahamdu Lillah" ("Praise be to
Allah") - 33 times, and "Allahu Akbar" ("Allah is gratest") -
33 times followed by the Shahadatain once, after the end of each
Recitation the following silently while one is in Qu’ud
(i.e. the sitting during Salat: "Attahiyatu lillahe was salawatu
tayibat. Assalamu ‘alaika ya aiuhan wa rahmatullahe wa barakatuh. Wa
assalamu ‘alaika ya aiuhan nabiu wa rahmatullahe wa barakatu. Wa
assalamu ‘alaina wa ‘ala ‘ibadillahe saleheen. Ashadu an la illaha
illal lah. Wa ashadu anna Muhammadar rasoolu’llah." ("Greetings
are for Allah and all prayers and all good. peace be on you o Prophet
and the Mercy of Allah and His blessing. Peace be on us and the
right-acting slaves of Allah. I bear witness that there is no god
except Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of
Allah.") See Bukhari, Hadith 794, Vol. 1. During the final
sitting in every Salat, recitation of the Tashahhud is followed by
recitation of Salat al-Ibrahimiya. See Salatul-Janaza.
Muslims’ greeting. The action of turning one’s face to
the right saying "Assalamu ‘Alaikum wa rahmatullah" ("Peace be on you
and the Mercy of Allah") and turning one’s face to the left and
repeating the same words, ends every Salat (prayer).
of a fountain in Jannahh (Paradise) whose drink is
superior to the purest of wines. Its nectar will only be drunk by those
nearest to Allah Ta’ala. Literally means "rich and elevated". See
Holy Qur’an, Al-Al-Mutafifeen (83):27-28:
TAUBAH: (1). Returning to correct action after
error, turning away from wrong action to Allah and asking His
forgiveness, turning to face Allah whereas before one turned one’s
back. (2). Name of one of the eight gates of Jannah (Paradise).
See Jannah. (3). "Repentance". Another name for Al-Baqaarah.
Surah 9 of the Holy Qur’an.
circling of the Holy Ka’ba. Tawaf is done in sets of seven circuits,
after each of which it is necessary to pray two Rak’at, preferably at
or near the Maqaam al-Ibrahim. See Tawaf al-Ifada.
AL-IFADA: The Tawaf of the
Ka’aba by the Hujjaj (pilgrims) after they come from Mina to Makka on
the 10th of Dhu’l-Hijjah. This Tawaf is one of the Rukn (essential
rites of both the Hajj and an Umra.
AL-QUDUM: The ‘Tawaf on Arrival’, Tawaf of the
Ka’aba that the pilgrim must do on first entering the Haram in Makka.
It is one of the essential rites of both the Hajj and Umra.
AL-WIDAA: The "Tawaf of
Farewell’. The Tawaf of the Holy Ka’aba that every visitor to Makka
should do before leaving Makkah. It should be connected directly to the
trip of departure, and whoever is delayed and stays on afterwards
should do it again. See Tawaf.
‘ALA’LLAH: Putting one’s complete faith in and reliance on
Allah Ta’ala and no-one else. Depending on Allah Ta’ala every aspect of
one’s life is the mark of true believer.
(AL): The Divine Unity, unity in its most profound sense.
Allah is One in His Essence and His Attibutes and His Acts. The whole
universe and what it contains is One unified event which in itself has
no lasting reality. Allah is the Real, Al-Haqq. Although Allah is
indivivisible and beyond conception, Tawheed can be viewed from four
distinct perspectives: I. Tawheed Al-Rububiyah - Unity
of Lordship. To percieve that there is only one Lord, the Master and
Creator of the Universe, Who oversees and orders it in every moment,
and that He is Allah Subhana wa Ta’ala. II. Tawheed
al-uluhiyah - Unity of Worship. To realize that none has the right
to be worshipped but Allah "Wahdahu la Shareeka’lah ("Alone
without partner"). III. Tawheed al-Asma wa Sifaat -
Unity of names and Attributes of Allah Ta’ala. To comprehend that: None
can qualify or name Allah except as He or Muhammad, may Allah bless him
and grant him peace, have named or qualified Him. None can be named or
qualified with the Names or the Attributes that belong only to Allah
Subhana wa Ta’ala. For example, none may be called "Al-Muhyee"
("the Giver of Life") except Allah subhana wa Taa’ala Himself. We Must
accept all the Ayat and Ahadeeth (Sahi) regarding the Attributes of
Allah without altering their meaning in any way whatsoever. For a full
list of the Attributes of Allah Ta’ala: IV. Tawheed all-Itabaa-
Unity in following the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant
him peace. To believe in and recite the words "Ashadu anna
Muhammadar-Rasoolullah" ("I bear witness that Muhammad is the
Messenger of Allah") and to follow the way of the Prophet Muhammad, as
much as one is able, in life and worship. It is only by following the
way of Islam tha the true nature of Tawhid becomes apparent. Another
name for Suratul Ikhlas.
(DRY PURIFICATION): Purification for prayer using clean
dust, earth or stone, when water for Ghusl or Wudu is either
unavailable or would be detrimental to helath. Strike the hand lightly
on some clean earth, or rub the stone with the palms of the hands and
forearms. Tayammum is broken by the same things that break Wudu. See
Fig". Surah 95 of the Holy Qur’an.
to the people of ‘Ad. They lived in
north-western Arabia between what is now known as Madinah and Syria.
Their prophet was Saleh (peace be on him). Allah Ta’ala destroyed them
with an earquake. See Holy Qur’an, Al-A’raf (7):73-79, Hud
(11):61-68, Ash’Shu’araa (26):141-159, An-Naml (27):45-53, Az-Zariyat
(51):43-45, Al-Qamar (54):23-31.
a date then putting the juice into the mouth of a
child. Sahi Bukhari, Book of Aqiqa, p. 272, Vol. 7.
THAUR: A famous cave three miles from Makka
where Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and Abu Bakr,
may Alllah be pleased with him, hid for three nights whilst the Quraish
searched for them in vain. See Holy Qur’an, At-Taubah (9):40.
Spiritual reward given by Allah Ta’ala to good deeds performed by man
"Then", in the sense of "What happens next". There are
four words that indicate the proximity of what follows next: Wa- and.
Indicates that what is to follow will be most immediately afterwards.
Fa - Then. Indicates that what is to follow will be relatively soon
afterwards. E.g. "Idha ja anasrullahi wa’l-fath. Wa ra-aita nasa
yadkhulouna fi deeni’lahi afwaja. Fasabbih bi hamdi rabbika was
stagfirh; innahu kana tawwaba." (An-Nasr (110): ("When the help
of Allah and victory come, and you see people entering deen of Allah in
large numbers, then celebrate the praise of your Lord and Seek His
forgiveness; surely He is always ready to show mercy." Where "and" is
used, the events or actions linked by "wa" are virtually simultaneous.
Where "then" is used, there is a little space of time between what
happens before and after "fa", i.e only after you see people embrace
the religion of Allah THEN celebrate the praise of your Lord AND seek
forgiveness... Here praise is to be immediately followed by seeking
forgiveness. Thumma - then. Indicates that what is to follow will come
later. E.g. "Thummastawa ‘ala’l arsh..." (Yunus (10):3): Then
He established Himself on the Throne..." After creating the heavens and
the earth in six days’ (and a ‘day’ with Allah can be at least fifty
thousand years of ‘our’ time), He then established Himself firmly on
throne. Here the time lapse is six periods of time. See ‘Arsh. Saufa -
not until then. Indicates that what is to follow will only occur after
certain future events have occured. E.g. "Kalla saufa ta’lamoon" (At-Takatur
(102): 3) ("Certainly then you shall know"). It is only when you
die that you really find out. It will not be until then that you will
come to know. "Then". used to emphasize a point. E.g. "Thumma Kalla
saufa ta’lamoon.’ (At-Takathur (102):4) ("Certainly THEN you
will know.") This is only a meagre explanation of a single word. The
Holy Qur’an had 77, 934 words and every word has a depht which even an
ocean cannot reach. What a miracle, and yet the unbelievers say that
this book is not from Allah! How they delude themselves!
(OF THE HOLY QUR’AN): This
word has variety of meanings, depending on the context: (1).
Studying the Qur’an in order to understand it in the way should be
undestood. See Al-Baqara (2):121. (2). Mediating and
reflecting in the Qur’an’s meanings in order to enrich one’s life and
knowledge. (3). Reading and reciting the Qur’an by oneself. (4).
Reading and reciting and conveying its meaning to others. (5).
Approaching and acting on the Qur’an in such a way that it becomes part
of one’s inner self, thus helping one to attain perfect prayer and to
avoid any form of evil or shameful deeds and to be an upright person in
the sight of Allah Ta’ala. See Holy Qur’an, Al-’Ankaboott (29):45.
"The Mount". Toori Sineen is the original
name of Mount Sinai, on which the Prophet Musa (Moses) received the
revelation of the Torah from Allah. Surah 52 of the Holy Qur’an.
people who embraced Islam on the day of the conquest
of Makkah by the Holy Prophet and his companions, may the blessings and
peace of Allah be on him and them, in 8AH.