The Life Of The Prophet Muhammad


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  • The Life Of The Prophet Muhammad


  • GLOSSARY

     

    Abd Allah

    Abd al-Mulib's youngest son. Father of the Prophet

    Abd Allah Ibn Ubayy

    One of the rulers of Yathrib before the Hijrah. He became a Muslim but secretly plotted with the Meccans against the Prophet.

    Abd Al-Muttalib

    Son of Hashim. He took the place of his father as the head of Quraysh. He dug the well of Zamzam.

    Abd Allah Ibn Abu Rabiah

    : Was sent with Amr Ibn al-'Ass to Abyssinia.

    Abdu Manaf

    Son of Qusayy; took over as leader of the Quraysh after his father's death.

    Abrahah

    King of Yemen who came to Mecca with a big army to destroy the Kabbah.

    Abraham (Ibrahtm)

    The founding father of the three monotheistic (worshipping one God only) religions-Judaism, Christianity and Islam. The descendants of his son Ish maci (fsma'ii) formed the tribe of Quraysh, which is the tribe of the Prophet Muhammad

    Abo Bakr

    A rich and much respected merchant of Mecca. The first

    man to believe in the Prophet ~ and embrace Islam. He was the Prophet's closest friend and companion.

    Abu Dujanah

    One of the great Ansar warriors. lt was he who died Shielding the Prophet with his own body during the battle of Uhud

    Abujahl

    One of the important men of Quraysh. Violently opposed to

    Islam, he did many things to harm the Prophet. He was killed at Badr. ABU LAHAB: One of the Prophet Mohammed’s uncles, who was a great enemy of Islam. He is referred to in the Koran in Surah cxi.

    Abu Sufyan

    One of the leaders of Quraysh who led the unbelievers in their fight against the Prophet. He finally became a Muslim. His wife was Hind.

    Abo Talib

    The Prophet's uncle, father of 'Ali, one of the respected men of Quraysh He took care of the Prophet after his grandfather died

    and continued to protect him until his own death.

    'Addas

    A Christian servant of one of the big tribes of Ta'if and the only person from this town to believe in the Prophet ~ at the time of his first visit there.

    Adhan

    Call to prayer.

    'Aisah

    The Prophet's wife and daughter of Abu Bakr.

    Al-'Abbas

    One of the uncles of the Prophet ~. Converted to Islam and joined the Muslims just as they were about to enter Mecca.

    Ali

    Son of Abu Tilib. First cousin of the Prophet. 'Ali later married Fatimah, the youngest daughter of the Prophet.

    Allahu Akar

    Phrase meaning 'God Allah is Great'.

    Alms

    Money, clothes or food given to the poor.

    Aminah

    Aminah bint Wahb. The mother of the Prophet.

    'Amro Ibun Al'ass

    An important and clever man from Quraysh; was sent to Abyssinia to bring back the first Muslim emigrants. Later became one of the great Warriors of Islam.

    Ansar

    The inhabitants of Medinah who became Muslims and asked the Prophet to come and live with them.

    Apostle

    Person sent to teach men about God.

    Assalamu Aleikum Wa Rahmatullah Wa Barakatuiiu

    Phrase used by the Muslims in greeting, meaning: 'May the Peace, Mercy and Grace of Allah be upon you.

    Bah1ira

    A monk who lived in the desert on the Quraysh caravan route to Syria.

    Bani Hashim

    The branch of Quraysh to which the Prophet belonged.

    Bani Qurayzah

    A Jewish tribe who were living in Yathrib at the time the Prophet arrived there. Several times they betrayed their Covenant with the Prophet, forcing him to fight them.

    Bedouin

    Nomadic Arabs of the desert, usually shepherds.

    Bilal

    The Slave of Umayyah ibn Khalaf. He became a Muslim against the will of his master and was persecuted cruelly but never lost his faith. Later he became the first mu'adhdhin (the person who calls the adhan).

    Bismillah

    The phrase meaning 'In the Name of Allah the Merciful, The Compassionate'.

    Booty

    Things captured from an enemy in war.

    Buraq

    Animal ridden by the Prophet Muliammad ~ on his ascent to heaven (the Isra' and Mi'raj).

    Caravan

    A group of travellers, usually merchants with their goods.

    Clan

    Large family or tribe.

    Congregation

    Gathering of people for prayer.

    Convert

    To change from one state into another, usually said of religion.

    Copt

    An Egyptian Christian.

    Descendants

    People originating from a certain person (children,

    grandchildren, etc.).

    Destined

    Fated, already decided by God.

    Famine     

    Scarcity of food.

    Fast

    To go without food and water, e.g. the month of Ramadan.

    Fitrah

    The pure original nature God gave to man.

    Gabriel (Jibril)

    The Archangel who conveyed the Revelation of the Quran to the Prophet from Allah.

    Graze

    To feed on grass, as sheep do.

    Guardian

    One who is responsible for someone (e.g. a child)? A place, or thing.

    Hadith

    An account of what the Prophet ~ said or did, or his silent approval of something said or done in his presence

    Hagar (Haajar)

    Abraham's second wife and mother of his first son Ishmael.

    Halimah

    A Bedouin woman from Bani Sa'd, who cared for the Prophet during his early childhood.

    Hamzah

    The Prophet's uncle; one of the bravest and strongest of the Muslims. Fought at Badr and was killed in Uhud.

    Has Him

    Son of Abdu Manif. Organized the caravan journeys of Quraysh to Syria and Yemen. As a result Mecca grew rich and became a large and important centre of trade.

    Heraclius

    Emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire.

    Hermit

    A holy man who lives far away from people.

    Hiurah

    The flight from Mecca to Medinah; emigration

    Hind

    Abu Sufyin's wife.

    Imam

    A man who leads the Muslims in prayer.

    Ishmael (Isma'il)

    The first son of Abraham from his wife Hagar. Settled in Mecca where he helped his father rebuild the Kabah. From his descendants came Quraysh.

    Islam

    Religion revealed to the Prophet Muhammad.

    Ja'far Ibn Abu Tallb

    A cousin of the Prophet and brother of Ali, he was the spokesman of the Muslims who emigrated to Abyssinia.

    Khadijah

    The Prophet Mohammed’s first and only wife until her death. She was the first to believe in the Prophet and to accept as true the Message he brought from Allah.

    Khalid Ibn Al-Walid

    A great warrior, very skilled at warfare. He planned the defeat of the Muslims at Uhud, but later converted to Islam and fought even more strongly for his new faith.

    Martyr

    One who dies in the cause of God.

    Maysarah

    Khadijah's slave. Accompanied the Prophet on his journey with Khadijah's caravans.

    Minaret

    Tower from which the call to prayer is made.

    Mosque

    Building in which Muslims pray.

    Muslim

    One who submits to God, usually referring to the followers of the Prophet Muhammad.

    Oasis

    A small area in the desert where water and trees are to be found.

    Paradise

    Place to which the souls of good people go after death

    Pilgrimage

    Journey to a holy place, e.g. Hajj

     

     

    End.

     

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