Stories Of The Prophets


  • bookcover

  • Stories Of The Prophets




  •  

    Prophet Nuh (Noah)

    Variation
    on the Birth of Noah

    He was Noah Ibn Lamik, Ibn Mitoshilkh, Ibn Enoch, Ibn
    yard, Ibn Mahlabeel, Ibn Qinan, Ibn Anoush, Ibn Seth, Ibn Adam the
    Father of Mankind (PBUH).

    According to the history of the People of the Book,
    (refers to the Jews, and Christians, so called by Allah because they
    received Revealed Books, Taurat, Zabur and Injeel. These names are
    translated 'Torah, Psalms, and Gospels' respectively, but the books
    that are extent are corrupt. Of the Revealed Books, ONLY the Quran
    remains exactly as it was revealed).

    the period between the birth of Noah and the death of
    Adam was 146 years. (According to Genesis 5 (new Revised Standard
    Version), Noah was born one hundred and twenty six years after the
    death of Adam. Ibn Abbas narrated that the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
    said: "The period between Adam and Noah was ten centuries." (Sahih
    Bukhari, Noah was born 1056 years after Adam's creation (or after he
    left the Garden of Eden). Thus, this hadith does not contradict the
    previous statement from the People of the Book as it may first appear
    to do. The reader should keep in mind, however that any statement or
    narratives taken from the People of the Book are not necessarily
    credible. This was taken from Genesis 5).

    Noah's People -
    Idolaters

    For many generations Noah's people had been worshipping
    statues that they called gods. They believed that these gods would
    bring them good, protect them from evil and provide all their needs.
    They gave their idols names such as Waddan, Suwa'an, Yaghutha, Ya'auga,
    and Nasran, (These idols represented, respectively, manly power;
    mutability, beauty; brute strength, swiftness, sharp sight, insight)
    according to the power they thought these gods possessed.

    Allah the Almighty revealed:

     "They (idolaters) have
    said: "You shall not leave your gods nor shall you leave Wadd, nor
    Suwa, nor Yaghuth, nor Ya uq nor Nasr (names of the idols)."
    (CH
    71:23 Quran).

    Originally these were the names of good people who had
    lived among them. After their deaths, statues of them were erected to
    keep their memories alive. After sometime, however, people began to
    worship these statues. Later generations did not even know why they had
    been erected; they only knew their parents had prayed to them. That is
    how idol worshipping developed. Since they had no understanding of
    Allah the Almighty Who would punish them for their evil deeds, they
    became cruel and immoral.

    Various Hadith
    describing the Origin of Idolatry

    Ibn Abbas explained: "Following upon the death of
    those righteous men, Satan inspired their people to erect statues in
    the places where they used to sit. They did this, but these statues
    were not worshiped until the coming generations deviated from the right
    way of life. Then they worshipped them as their idols."

    In his version, Ibn Jarir narrated: "There were
    righteous people who lived in the period between Adam and Noah and who
    had followers who held them as models. After their death, their friends
    who used to emulate them said: 'If we make statues of them, it will be
    more pleasing to us in our worship and will remind us of them.' So they
    built statues of them, and , after they had died and others came after
    them, Iblis crept into their minds saying:'Your forefathers used to
    worship them, and through that worship they got rain.' So they
    worshipped them."

    Ibn Abi Hatim related this story: "Waddan was a
    righteous man who was loved by his people. When he died, they withdrew
    to his grave in the land of Babylonia and were overwhelmed by sadness.
    When Iblis saw their sorrow caused by his death, he disguised himself
    in the form of a man saying: 'I have seen your sorrow because of this
    man's death; can I make a statue like him which could be put in your
    meeting place to make you remember him?' They said: 'Yes.'

    So he made the statue like him. They put it in their
    meeting place in order to be reminded of him. When Iblis saw their
    interest in remembering him, he said: 'Can I build a statue of him in
    the home of each one of you so that he would be in everyone's house and
    you could remember him?'

    They agreed. Their children learned about and saw what
    they were doing. They also learned about their remembrance of him
    instead of Allah. So the first to be worshipped instead of Allah was
    Waddan, the idol which they named thus."

    The essence of this point is that every idol from those
    earlier mentioned was worshipped by a certain group of people. It was
    mentioned that people made picture sand as the ages passed they made
    these pictures into statues, so that their forms could be fully
    recognized; afterwards they were worshipped instead of Allah.

    It was narrated that Umm Salmah and Umm Habibah told
    Allah's Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) about the church called "Maria" which
    they had seen in the land of Abyssinia. They described its beauty and
    the pictures therein. He said: "Those are the people who build places
    of worship on the grave of every dead man who was righteous and then
    make therein those pictures. Those are the worst of creation unto
    Allah." (Sahih al Bukhari).

    Commentary - Idolatry

    Worshipping anything other than Allah is a tragedy
    that results not only in the loss of freedom; its serious effect
    reaches man's mind and destroys it as well. Almighty Allah created man
    and his mind with its purpose set on achieving knowledge the most
    important of which is that Allah alone is the Creator and all the rest
    are worshippers (slaves). Therefore, disbelief in Allah, or polytheism,
    results in the loss of freedom, the destruction of the mind, and the
    absence of a noble target in life. (By worshipping anything other than
    Allah, man becomes enslaved to Satan, who is himself a creature and
    becomes harnessed to his own baser qualities).

    Into this environment Allah sent Noah with His message
    to his people. Noah was the only intellectual not caught in the
    whirlpool of man's destruction which was caused by polytheism.

    Noah's Reasoning with
    his People

    Allah in His Mercy sent His messenger Noah to guide
    his people. Noah was an excellent speaker and a very patient man. He
    pointed out to his people the mysteries of life and the wonders of the
    universe. He pointed out how the night is regularly followed by the day
    and that the balance between these opposites were designed by Allah the
    Almighty for our good. The night gives coolness and rest while the day
    gives warmth and awakens activity. The sun encourages growth, keeping
    all plants and animals alive, while the moon and stars assist in the
    reckoning of time, direction and seasons. He pointed out that the
    ownership of the heavens and the earth belongs only to the Divine
    Creator.

    Therefore, he explained to this people, there cannot
    have been more than one deity. He clarified to them how the devil had
    deceived them for so long and that the time had come for this deceit to
    stop. Noah spoke to them of Allah's glorification of man, how HE had
    created him and provided him with sustenance and the blessings of a
    mind. He told them that idol worshipping was a suffocating injustice to
    the mind. He warned them not to worship anyone but Allah and described
    the terrible punishment Allah would mete out if they continued in their
    evil ways.

    Division Among Noah's
    People

    The people listened to him in silence. His words were
    a shock to their stagnating minds as it is a shock to a person who is
    asleep under a wall which is about to fall and who is vigorously
    awakened. This person may be alarmed and may even become angry although
    the aim was to save him.

    Noah's people were divided into two groups after his
    warning. His words touched the hearts of the weak, the poor, and the
    miserable and soothed their wounds with its mercy. As for the rich, the
    strong, the mighty and the rulers they looked upon the warning with
    cold distrust. They believed they would be better off if things stayed
    as they were. Therefore they started their war of words against Noah.

    The Disbelievers'
    Arguments

    First they accused Noah of being only human like
    themselves. 'The chiefs of the disbeliveers among his people said:
    "We see you but a man like ourselves."'
    (Ch 11:27 Quran) He,
    however, had never said anything other than that. He asserted that,
    indeed, he was only a human being; Allah had sent a human messenger
    because the earth was inhabited by humans. If it had been inhabited by
    angels Allah would have sent an angelic messenger.

    The contest between the polytheists and Noah
    continued. the rulers had thought at first that Noah's call would soon
    fade on its own. When they found that his call attracted the poor, the
    helpless and common laborers, they started to verbally attack and taunt
    him: 'You are only followed by the poor, the meek and the worthless.'

    Allah the Almighty told us:

     "Indeed We sent Noah to
    his people (he said): "I have come to you as a plain Warner that you
    worship none but Allah, surely, I fear for you the torment of a painful
    Day." the chiefs of the disbeliveers among his people said: "We see you
    but a man like ourselves, nor do we see any follow you but the meanest
    among us and they too followed you without thinking. And we do not see
    in you any merit above us in fact we think you are liars."
    (CH
    11:25-27).

    The Disbelievers
    Attempt to Bargain

    Thus the conflict between Noah and the heads of his
    people intensified. The disbeliveers tried to bargain: "Listen Noah, if
    you want us to believe in you, then dismiss your believers. They are
    meek and poor, while are elite and rich; no faith c an include us
    both." Noah listened to the heathens of his community and realized they
    were being obstinate. However, he was gentle in his response. He
    explained to his people that he could not dismiss the believers as they
    were not his guests but Allah's.

    Noah appealed to them:

    "O my people! I ask of you
    no wealth for it, my reward is from none but Allah. I am not going to
    drive away those who have believed. Surely, they are going to meet
    their Lord, but I see that you are a people that are ignorant. O my
    people! Who will help me against Allah, if I drove them away? Will you
    not then give a thought? And I do not say to you that with me are the
    Treasures of Allah nor that I know the unseen, nor do I say I am an
    angel, and I do not say of those whom your eyes look down upon that
    Allah will not bestow any good on them. Allah knows what is in their
    inner selves (regards to Belief). In that case, I should, indeed be one
    of the Zalimeen (wrongdoers, oppressors etc)."
    (Ch 11:29-31 Quran)

    Noah refuted the arguments of the disbeliveers with the
    noble knowledge of the prophets. It is the logic of intellect that rids
    itself of personal pride and interests.

    The Disbelievers
    Remain Ignorant

    The rulers were tired of Noah's arguments. Allah the
    Exalted related their attitude:

    They said: "O Noah! You have
    disputed with us and much have you prolonged the dispute with us, now
    bring upon us what you threaten us with, if you are of the truthful."
    He said: "Only Allah will bring it (the punishment)on you, if He will,
    and then you will escape not. And my advice will not profit you, even
    if I wish to give you counsel, if Allah's Will is to keep you astray.
    He is your Lord! And to Him you shall return."
    (Ch 11:32-34 Quran)

    The battle continued; the arguments between the
    disbeliveers and Noah became prolonged. When all the refutations of the
    disbeliveers collapsed and they had no more to say, they began to be
    rude and insulted Allah's prophet:

    The leaders of his people said:
    "Verily, we see you in plain error."
    (Ch 7:60 Quran)

    Noah responded in the manner of the prophets:

    "O
    my people! There is no error in me, but I am a Messenger from the Lord
    of the Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists)! I convey unto you
    the Messages of my Lord and give sincere advice to you. And I know from
    Allah what you know not."
    (CH 7:61-62 Quran)

    Noah continued appealing to his people to believe in
    Allah hour after hour, day after day year after year. He admonished his
    people and called them to Allah day and night, in secret and openly. HE
    gave them examples, explained Allah's signs and illustrated Allah's
    ability in the formation of His creatures. But whenever he called them
    to Allah, they ran away from him. Whenever he urged them to ask Allah
    to forgive them, they put their fingers in their ears and became too
    proud to listen to the truth.

     

    Noah's Appeal to His
    People

    Allah the Almighty related what Noah faced:

    "Verily,
    We sent Noah to his people saying: "Warn your people before there comes
    to them a painful torment."

    He said: "O my people! Verily, I am a plain Warner
    to you, that you should worship Allah alone, be dutiful to Him and obey
    me, He (Allah) will forgive you of your sins and respite you to an
    appointed term. Verily, the term of Allah when it comes, cannot be
    delayed, if you but knew."

    He said: "O my Lord! Verily, I have called my people
    night and day (secretly and openly to accept the doctrine of Islamic
    Monotheism), but all my calling added nothing but to their flight from
    the truth. Verily! Everytime I called unto them that You might forgive
    them, they thrust their fingers into their ears, covered themselves up
    with their garments, and persisted (in their refusal), and magnified
    themselves in pride. Then verily, I called to them openly (aloud); then
    verily, I proclaimed to them in public, and I have appealed to them in
    private, I said to them: 'Ask forgiveness from your Lord, Verily, He is
    Oft Forgiving; He will send rain to you in abundance, and give you
    increase in wealth and children, and bestow on you gardens and bestow
    on you rivers."

    What is the matter with you, that you fear not
    Allah (His Punishment), and you hope not for reward from Allah or you
    believe not in His Oneness. While He has created you in different
    stages.
    (Ch 23:13-14 Quran)

    See you not how Allah has created the seven heavens
    one above another, and has made the moon a light therein and made the
    sun a lamp? And Allah has brought you forth from the dust of earth.
    Afterwards He will return you into it (the earth), and bring you forth
    (again on the Day of Resurrection) Allah has made for you the earth
    wide spread (an expanse) that you may go about therein broad roads.

    Noah said: "My Lord! They have disobeyed me, and
    followed one whose wealth and children give him no increase but only
    loss. They have plotted a mighty plot. They have said: 'you shall not
    leave your gods, nor shall you leave wadd, nor Suwa, nor Yaghuth, nor
    ya'uq nor Nasr (names of the idols). Indeed they have led many astray.
    O Allah! Grant no increase to the Zalimeen (polytheists, wrongdoers,
    and disbeliveers etc) save error."

    Because of their sins they were drowned, then were
    made to enter the Fire and they found none to help them instead of
    Allah.
    (Ch 71:1-25 Quran).

    The Length of Noah's
    Preaching

    Noah continued to call his people to believe in Allah
    for nine hundred fifty years. Allah the Almighty  said: Indeed
    We
    sent Noah to his people and he stayed among them a thousand years less
    fifty years (inviting them to believe in the Oneness of Allah
    (Monotheism) and discard the false gods and other deities).
    (Ch
    29:14 Quran)

    It happened that every passing generation admonished
    the succeeding one not to believe Noah and to wage war against him. the
    father used to teach his child about the matter that was between
    himself and Noah and counsel him to reject his call when he reached
    adulthood. Their natural disposition rejected believing and following
    the truth.

    Noah saw that the number of believers was not
    increasing, while that of the disbeliveers was. He was sad for his
    people, but he never reached the point of despair.

    Noah Prays for the
    Disbeliever's End

    There came a day when Allah revealed to Noah that no
    others would believe. Allah inspired him not to grieve for them at
    which point Noah prayed that the disbeliveers be destroyed. He said:

    "My Lord! Leave not one of the disbeliveers on the
    earth. If you leave
    them, they will mislead Your slaves and they will beget none but wicked
    disbeliveers."
    (Ch 71:27 Quran)

    Allah accepted Noah's prayer. The case was closed, and
    He passed His judgment on the disbeliveers in the form of a flood.
    Allah the Exalted ordered His worshipper Noah to build an ark with His
    knowledge and instructions and with the help of angels. Almighty Allah
    commanded:

    "And construct the ship under Our Eyes and with Our
    Inspiration and address Me not on behalf of those who did wrong; they
    are surely to be drowned."
    (Ch 11:37 Quran)

    Noah Builds the Ark

    Noah chose a place outside the city, far from the sea.
    HE collected wood and tools and began to day and night to build the
    ark. The people's mockery continued: "O Noah! Does carpentry appeal to
    you more than prophethood? Why are you building an ark so far from the
    sea? Are you going to drag it to the water or is the wind going to
    carry it for you?" Noah replied: "You will come to know who will be put
    to shame and suffer."

    Allah the Almighty narrated:

    "As he was constructing
    the ship, whenever the chiefs of his people passed by him, they made a
    mockery of him. He said : "If you mock at us, so do we mock at you
    likewise for your mocking. And you will know who it is on whom will
    come a torment that will cover him with disgrace and on whom will fall
    a lasting torment."
    (Ch 11:38-39 Quran)

    The Flood begins

    The ship was constructed, and Noah sat waiting Allah's
    command. Allah revealed to him that when water miraculously gushed
    forth from the oven at Noah's house, that would be the sign of the
    start of the flood, and the sign for Noah to act.

    The terrible day arrived when the oven at Noah's house
    overflowed. Noah hurried to open the ark and summon the believers. He
    also took with him a pair, male and female, of every type of animal,
    bird and insect. Seeing him taking these creatures to the ark, the
    people laughed loudly: "Noah must have gone out of his head! What is he
    going to do with the animals?"

    Almighty Allah narrated: So it was till then there
    came Our Command and the oven gushed forth (water like fountains from
    the earth). We said: "Embark therein, of each kind two (male and
    female), and your family, except him against whom the Word has already
    gone forth, and those who believe." And none believed him except a few.

    (Ch 11:40 Quran)

    The Number of
    Believers

    Noah's wife was not a believer with him so she did not
    join him; neither did one of Noah's sons, who was secretly a
    disbeliever but had pretended faith in front of Noah. Likewise most of
    the people were disbeliveers and did not go on board.

    The scholars hold different opinions on the number of
    those who were with Noah on the ship. Ibn Abbas stated that there were
    80 believers while Ka ab al Ahbar held that there were 72 believers.
    Others claimed that there were 10 believers with Noah.

    Description of the
    Flood

    Water rose from the cracks in the earth; there was not
    a crack from which water did not rise. rain poured from the sky in
    quantities never seen before on earth. Water continued pouring from the
    sky rising from the cracks; hour after hour the level rose. The seas
    and waves invaded the land. The interior of the earth moved in a
    strange way, and the ocean floors lifted suddenly, flooding the dry
    land. The earth, for the first time was submerged.

    Noah Appeals to his Son

    Allah told the story thus: He (Noah) said:

    "Embark
    therein in the Name of Allah will be its moving course and its resting
    anchorage. Surely, my Lord is Oft Forgiving, most Merciful."

    So it (the
    ship) sailed with them amidst the waves like mountains, and Noah called
    out to his son, who had separated himself (apart), "O my son! Embark
    with us and be not with the disbeliveers."

    The son replied, "I will
    betake myself to a mountain, it will save me from the water." Noah
    said: "This day there is no savior from the Decree of Allah except him
    on whom He has mercy." And a wave came in between them so he (the son)
    was among the drowned."
    (Ch. 11: 41-43)

    The Flood Ends

    It was said:

    "O Earth! Swallow up your water, and O
    sky! Withhold (your rain)." The water was diminished (made to subside)
    and the Decree (of Allah) was fulfilled (the destruction of the people
    of Noah). And it (the ship) rested on Mount Judi, and it was said:
    "Away with the people who are Zalimeen (polytheists, and wrongdoing)!"

    And it was said:

    "O Noah! Come down (from the ship)
    with peace from Us and blessings on you and on the people owho are
    with you(and on some of their offspring), but (there will be other)
    people to whom We shall grant their pleasures (for a time), but in the
    end a painful torment will reach them from Us."
    (Ch 11:41-48 Quran)

    With the issue of the divine command, calm returned to
    earth, the water retreated, and the dry land shone once again in the
    rays of the sun. The flood had cleansed the earth of the disbeliveers
    and polytheists.

    The Believers
    Disembark

    Noah released the birds, and the beats which scattered
    over the earth. After that the believers disembarked. Noah put his
    forehead to the ground in prostration. The survivors kindled a fire and
    sat around it. Lighting a fire had been prohibited on board so as not
    to ignite the ship's wood and burn it up. None of them had eaten hot
    food during the entire period of the floor. Following the
    disembarkation there was a day of fasting in thanks to Allah.

    Noah's Death

    The Quran draws the curtain on Noah's story. We do not
    know how his affairs with his people continued. All we know or can
    ascertain is that on his deathbed he requested his son to worship Allah
    alone, Noah then passed away.

    Abdullah Ibn Amr Ibn Al as narrated that the Prophet
    Muhammad (PBUH) said: "When the death of the Messenger of Allah Noah
    approached, he admonished his sons: 'Indeed I would give you far
    reaching advice, commanding you to do two things, and warning you
    against
    doing two things as well. I charge you to believe that there is no god
    but Allah and that if the seven heavens and the seven earths were put
    on one side of a scale and the words "there is no god but Allah" were
    put on the other, the latter would outweigh the former. I warn you
    against associating partners with Allah and against pride." (Sahih al
    Bukhari)

    Some traditions said that his grave is in the Scared
    Mosque in Mecca, while others said that he was buried in Baalabak, a
    city in Iraq.

     

  • DarAlFasaha
    Islambasics.com © 2018