Stories Of The Prophets

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  • Stories Of The Prophets

  •      Prophet
    Musa (Moses) and Harun (Aaron)


    Description of the Pharaoh

    The pharaoh who ruled Egypt was a tyrant who oppressed
    the descendants of Jacob (pbuh), known as the children of Israel (Bani
    Israel). He used every means to demean and disgrace them. They were
    kept in bondage and forced to work for him for small wages or nothing.
    Under this system the people obeyed and worshipped the pharaoh, and the
    ruling class carried out his orders, thereby authorizing his tyranny
    and crazy whims.

    The pharaoh wanted the people to obey him only, and to
    believe in the gods of his invention. Perhaps, during that time, there
    were many classes of people who did not believe in or practice
    polytheism; however, they kept this to themselves and outwardly did as
    they were expected to do, without revolting or revealing themselves to



    Thus, successive dynasties came to Egypt and assumed
    that they were gods or their representative or spokesmen.

    Visions of Dethroning
    the Pharaoh

    Years passed, and a despotic king, who was adored by
    the Egyptians, ruled Egypt. His king saw the children of Israel
    multiplying and prospering. He heard them talking about a vague vision
    that one of Israel' s sons would dethrone the pharaoh of Egypt. Perhaps
    this vision was only a daydream that persisted within the hearts of the
    persecuted minority, or perhaps it was a prophecy from their books.

    Another tradition states that it was Pharaoh himself
    who had the vision. Ibn 'Abbas narrated: "Pharaoh saw in his vision a
    fire, which came from Jerusalem and burned the houses of the Egyptians,
    and all Copts, and did not do harm to the children of Israel. When he
    woke up, he was horrified. He then gathered his priests and magicians
    and asked them about this vision. They said: "This means a boy will be
    born of them and the Egyptian people will perish at his hands.' That is
    why Pharaoh commanded that all male children of the children of Israel
    be killed."

    Either way, this vision reached the ears of the
    Pharaoh. He then issued a decree to slay any male child that would be
    born to the children of Israel.

    The Killing of the
    Children of Israel

    The killing of the children of Israel was carried out
    until the experts
    of economics said to Pharaoh: "The aged of the children of Israel die
    and the young are slaughtered. This will lead to their annihilation. As
    a result, Pharaoh will lose the manpower of those who work for him,
    those whom he enslaves, and their women whom he exploits. It is better
    to regulate this procedure by initiating the following policy: males
    should be slaughtered in one year but spared to live the next year."
    Pharaoh found that solution to be safer economically.

    The Birth of Aaron and
    Moses (PBUT)

    Moses's mother was pregnant with Aaron (pbuh) in a year
    that boys were spared; thus she gave birth to the child publicly and
    safely. During a year in which boys were to be slain, she gave birth to
    Moses (pbuh); thus his birth caused her much terror. She was afraid he
    would be slain, so she nursed him secretly.

    Description of the
    Pharaoh and Birth of Moses - Quranic

    Allah the Almighty revealed:

    "These are Verses of
    the manifest Book (that makes clear truth from falsehood, good from
    evil, etc.). We recite to you some of the news of Moses and Pharaoh in
    truth, for a people who believe (those who believe in this Quran, and
    in the Oneness of Allah). Verily, Pharaoh exalted himself in the land
    and made its people sects, weakening (oppressing) a group (children of
    Israel) among them, killing their sons, and letting their females live.
    Verily, he was of the Mufsideen (those who commit great sins and
    crimes, oppressors, tyrants, etc.).

    And we wished to do a favor to those who were weak
    (and oppressed) in the land, and to make them rulers and to make them
    the inheritors, and to establish them in the land, and We let Pharaoh
    and Haman and their hosts receive from them that which they feared. And
    We inspired the mother of Moses, saying: "Suckle him (Moses), but when
    you fear for him, then cast him into the river and fear not, nor
    grieve. Verily! We shall bring him back to you, and shall make him one
    of (Our) Messengers." (Ch 28: 2-7 Quran).

    Moses Thrown into the

    No sooner had the divine revelation finished that she
    obeyed the sacred and merciful call. She was commanded to make a basket
    for Moses. She nursed him, put him into the basket, then went to the
    shore of the Nile and threw it into the water. Her mother's heart, the
    most merciful one in the world, grieved as she threw her son into the
    Nile. However, she was aware that Allah was much more merciful to Moses
    than to her, that He loved him more than her. Allah was his Lord and
    the Lord of the Nile.

    Hardly had the basket touched the water of the Nile
    than Allah issued His command to the waves to be calm and gentle while
    carrying the child would one day be a prophet. She instructed her
    daughter to follow the course of the basket and to report back to her.
    As the daughter followed the floating basket along the riverbank, she
    found herself right in the palace grounds and saw what was unfolding
    before her eyes.

    The basket came to rest at the riverbank, which skirted
    the king's palace. The palace servants found the basket with the baby
    and took it to the Pharaoh and his queen. When the queen beheld the
    lovely infant, Allah instilled in her a strong love for this baby.
    Pharaoh's wife was very different from Pharaoh. He was a disbeliever;
    she was a believer. He was cruel; she was merciful. He was a tyrant;
    she was delicate and goodhearted. She was sad because she was infertile
    and had hoped to have a son. Hardly had she held the baby than she
    kissed him.

    Pharaoh was much amazed when he saw his wife hugging
    this baby to her breast. He was much astonished because his wife was
    weeping with joy, something he had never seen her do before. She
    requested her husband: "Let me keep the baby and let him be a son to

    Moses Finds a Home -

    Almighty Allah said:

    "Then the household of Pharaoh
    picked him up, that he might become for them an enemy and a cause of
    grief. Verily! Pharaoh, Haman, and their hosts were sinners. And the
    wife of Pharaoh said; "A comfort of the eye for me and for you. Kill
    him not, perhaps he maybe of a benefit to us, or we may adopt him as a
    son." And they perceived not (the result of that). (Ch 28:9 Quran)

    Moses and His Mother

    The queen summoned a few wet nurses to suckle the baby
    Moses, but he would not take any of their breasts. The queen was
    distressed and sent for more wet nurses. Moses's sister was also
    worried, as her baby brother was without milk for a long time. Seeing
    the queen's anxiety, she blurted that she knew jut the mother who would
    suckle the child affectionately.

    They asked her why she was following
    the floating basket. She said she did so out of curiosity. Her excuse
    sounded reasonable, so they believed her. They ordered her to rush and
    fetch the woman she was talking about. Her mother also was waiting with
    a heavy heart, worried about the fate of her baby. Just then her
    daughter rushed in with the good news. Her heart lifted and she lost no
    time in reaching the palace. As the child was put to her breast, he
    started suckling. Pharaoh was astonished and asked: "Who are you? This
    child has refused to take any other breast but yours."

    Had she told the truth, Pharaoh would have known that
    the child was an Israelite and would have killed Moses instantly.
    However, Allah gave her inner strength and she replied: "I am a woman
    of sweet milk and sweet smell,and no child refuses me." This answer
    satisfied Pharaoh.

    From that day onward, she was appointed as Moses's wet
    nurse. She
    continued to breast-feed him for a long time. When he was bigger and
    was weaned, she was allowed the privilege of visiting him. Moses was
    raised in the palace as a prince.

    Moses and His Mother
    Reunited - Quranic

    "And the heart of the mother of Mûsa (Moses) became
    empty [from every thought, except the thought of Mûsa (Moses)]. She was
    very near to disclose his (case, i.e. the child is her son), had We not
    strengthened her heart (with Faith), so that she might remain as one of
    the believers.

    And she said to his [Musa's (Moses)] sister: "Follow
    him." So she (his sister) watched him from a far place secretly, while
    they perceived not.

    And We had already forbidden (other) foster suckling
    mothers for him, until she (his sister came up and) said: "Shall I
    direct you to a household who will rear him for you, and sincerely they
    will look after him in a good manner?"

    So did We restore him to his mother, that she might be
    delighted, and that she might not grieve, and that she might know that
    the Promise of Allâh is true. But most of them know not." (Ch. 28:

    The Qualities of Moses
    - Quranic


    And when he attained his full strength, and was perfect
    (in manhood), We bestowed on him Hukman (Prophethood, right judgment of
    the affairs) and religious knowledge (of the religion of his
    forefathers, Islamic Monotheism). And thus do We reward the Muhsineen
    (good-doers)." (Ch 28:14 Quran)


    Moses Kills and


    Allah had granted Moses (pbuh) good health, strength,
    knowledge, and wisdom. The weak and oppressed turned to him for
    protection and justice.

    One day in the main city, he saw two men fighting. One
    was an Israelite, who was being beaten by the other, an Egyptian. On
    seeing Moses, the Israelite begged him for help. Moses became involved
    in the dispute and, in a state of anger, struck a heavy blow on the
    Egyptian, who died on the spot. Upon realizing that he had killed a
    human being, Moses's heart was filled with deep sorrow, and immediately
    he begged Allah for forgiveness.

    He had not intended to kill the man. He pleaded with
    Almighty Allah to forgive him, and he felt a sense of peace filling his
    whole being. Thereafter Moses began to show more patience and sympathy
    towards people.

    The next day he saw the same Israelite involved in
    another fight. Moses went to him and said: "You seem to be a
    quarrelsome fellow. You have a new quarrel with one person or another
    each day." Fearing that Moses might strike him, the Israelite warned
    Moses: "Would you kill me as you killed the wretch yesterday?"

    The Egyptian with whom the Israelite was fighting
    overheard this remark and reported Moses to the authorities. Soon
    thereafter, as Moses was passing through the city, a man approached and
    alerted him: "O Moses, the chiefs have taken counsel against you. You
    are to be tried and killed. I would advise you to escape."

    Moses Kills an
    Egyptian - Quranic

    Moses knew that the penalty for killing an Egyptian was
    death. Allah the Exalted recounted:

    "And he entered the city at a
    time of unawareness of its people, and he found there two men fighting,
    one of his party (his religion, from the children of Israel), and the
    other of his foes. The man of his own party asked him for help against
    his foe, so Moses struck him with his fist and killed him. He said,
    "This is of Satan's doing, verily, he is a plain misleading enemy."

    He said: "My Lord! Verily, I have wronged myself, so
    forgive me." Then He forgave him. Verily, He is the Oft-Forgiving, the
    Most Merciful.

    He said: "My Lord! For that with which You have
    favored me, I will never more be a helper for the Mujrimeen (criminals,
    disobedient to Allah, polytheists, sinners, etc.)!"

    So he became afraid, looking about in the city
    (waiting as to what will be the result of his crime of killing), when
    behold, the man who had sought his help the day before, called for his
    help again. Moses said to him: "Verily, you are a plain misleader!"
    Then when he decided to seize the man who was an enemy to both of them,
    the man said: "O Moses! Is it your intention to kill me as you killed a
    man yesterday? Your aim is nothing but to become a tyrant in the land,
    and not to be one of those who do right."

    And there came a man running, from the farthest end
    of the city. He said: "O Moses! Verily, the chiefs are taking counsel
    together about you, to kill you, so escape. Truly, I am to you of those
    who give sincere advice."

    So he escaped from there, looking about in a state
    of fear. He said: "My Lord! Save me from the people who are Zalimeen
    (polytheists, and wrong-doers)!" (Ch 28:15-21 Quran)

    Moses Leaves Egypt

    Moses left Egypt in a hurry without going to Pharaoh's
    palace or changing his clothes. Nor was he prepared for traveling. He
    did not have a beast of burden upon which to ride, and he was not in a
    caravan. Instead, he left as soon as the believer came and warned him
    of Pharaoh's plans.

    He traveled in the direction of the country of Midian,
    which was the nearest inhabited land between Syria and Egypt. His only
    companion in this hot desert was Allah, and his only provision was
    piety. There was not a single root to pick to lessen his hunger. The
    hot sand burned the soles of his feet. However, fearing pursuit by
    Pharaoh's men, he forced himself to continue on.

    Moses Helps Women

    He traveled for eight
    nights, hiding during the day. After crossing the main desert, he
    reached a watering hole outside Midian where shepherds were watering
    their flocks.

    No sooner had Moses reached the Midian than he threw
    himself under a tree to rest. He suffered from hunger and fatigue. The
    soles of his feet felt as if they were worn out from hard walking on
    sand and rocks and from the dust. He did not have any money to buy a
    new pair of sandals, nor to buy food or drink. Moses noticed a band of
    shepherds watering their sheep. He went to the spring, where he saw two
    young women preventing their sheep from mixing with the others.

    Moses sensed that the women were in need of help.
    Forgetting his thirst, he drew nearer to them and asked if he could
    help them in any way.

    The older sister said: "We are waiting until the
    shepherds finish watering their sheep, then we will water ours."

    Moses asked again: "Why are you waiting?"

    The younger one: "We cannot push men."

    Moses was surprised that women were shepherding, as
    only men were supposed to do it. It is hard and tiresome work, and one
    needs to be on the alert. Moses asked: "Why are you shepherding?"

    The younger sister said: "Our father is an old man; his
    health is too poor for him to go outdoors for pasturing sheep."

    Moses (pbuh) said: "I will water the sheep for you."

    When Moses approached the water, he saw that the
    shepherds had put over the mouth of the spring an immense rock that
    could only be moved by ten men. Moses embraced the rock and lifted it
    out of the spring's mouth, the veins of his neck and hands standing out
    as he did so. Moses was certainly strong. He watered their sheep and
    put the rock back in its place.

    He returned to sit in the shade of the tree. At this
    moment he realized that he had forgotten to drink. His stomach was
    sunken because of hunger.

    Moses Helps Women
    Shepherds - Quranic

    Almighty Allah described this event:

    "And when he
    arrived at the water of Midian (Midyan) he found there a group of men
    watering their flocks, and besides them he found two women who were
    keeping back their flocks. He said: "What is the matter with you?" They
    said: "We cannot water (our flocks) until the shepherds take their
    flocks. And our father is a very old man."

    So he watered their flocks for them, then he turned
    back to shade, and said: "My Lord! Truly, I am in need of whatever good
    that You bestow on me!" (Ch 28:22-24 Quran)

    Moses Finds a Home
    Among Shepherds

    The young ladies returned home earlier than usual,
    which surprised their father. They related the incident at the spring
    which was the reason that they were back early. Their father sent one
    of his daughters to invite the stranger to his home. Bashfully, the
    woman approached Moses and delivered the message. "My father is
    grateful for what you have done for us. He invites you to our home so
    that he may thank you personally."

    Moses welcomed this invitation and accompanied the
    maiden to her father. Moses could see that they lived comfortably as a
    happy and peaceful household. He introduced himself and told the old
    man about the misfortune that he had befallen him and had compelled him
    to flee from Egypt. The old man comforted him: "Fear not, you have
    escaped from the wrong-doers."

    Moses's gentle behavior was noticed by the father and
    his daughters. The kind man invited him to stay with them. Moses felt
    at home with this happy household, for they were friendly and feared

    Moses Becomes a

    One of the daughters suggested to her father that he
    employ Moses, as he was strong and trustworthy. They needed someone
    like him, especially at the water hole, which was visited by ruffians.

    The father asked her how she could be sure of his
    trustworthiness in such a short time. She replied: "When I bade him to
    follow me to our home, he insisted that I walk behind him so he would
    not observe my form (to avoid sexual attraction)."

    The old man was pleased to hear this. He approached
    Moses and said: "I wish to marry you to one of my daughters on
    that you agree to work for me for a period of eight years."

    This offer suited Moses well, for being a stranger in
    this country, he would soon have to search for shelter, and work. Moses
    married the Midianite's daughter and looked after the old man's animals
    for ten long years.

    Moses Becomes a Shepherd - Quranic

    Almighty Allah recounted:

    "Then there came to him
    one of the two women, walking shyly. She said: "Verily, my father calls
    you that he may reward you for having watered our flocks for us." So
    when he came to him and narrated the story, he said; "Fear you not. You
    have escaped from the people who are Zalimeen (polytheists,
    disbeliveers, and wrong-doers)." And said one of them (the two women):
    "O my father! Hire him! Verily, the best of men for you to hire is the
    strong, the trustworthy." He said: "I intend to wed one of these two
    daughters of mine to you, on condition that you serve me for eight
    years, but if you complete ten years, it will be a favor from you. But
    I intend not to place you under a difficulty. If Allah wills, you will
    find me one of the righteous." He (Moses) said: "That is settled
    between me and you whichever of the two terms I fulfill, there will be
    no injustice to me, and Allah is Surety over what we say." ( Ch
    28:25-28 Quran)


    The Ten Years of

    Time passed, and he lived in seclusion far from his
    family and his people. This period of ten years was of importance in
    his life. It was a period of major preparation. Certainly Moses's mind
    was absorbed in the stars every night. He followed the sunrise and the
    sunset every day. He pondered on the plant and how it splits and soil
    and appears thereafter. He contemplated water and how the earth is
    revived by it and flourishes after its death.

    Of course, he was immersed in the Glorious Book of
    Allah, open to the insight and heart. He was immersed in the existence
    of Allah. All these became latent within him. The religion of Moses
    (pbuh) was the same as that of Jacob (pbuh), which was Islamic
    monotheism. His forefather was Jacob (pbuh) the grandson of Abraham
    (pbuh). Moses (pbuh), therefore, was one of the descendants of Abraham
    (pbuh) and every prophet who came after Abraham was one of Abraham's
    successors. In addition to physical preparation, there was a similar
    spiritual preparation. It was made in complete seclusion, in the middle
    of the desert, and in the places of pasture. Silence was his way of
    life, and seclusion was his vehicle. Allah the Almighty prepared for
    His prophet the tools he would need later on to righteously bear the
    commands of Allah the Exalted.

    Moses Decides to
    Return to Egypt

    One day after the end of this period, a vague
    homesickness arose in Moses's heart. He wanted to return to Egypt. He
    was fast and firm in making his decision, telling his wife: "Tomorrow
    we shall leave for Egypt." His wife said to herself. "There are a
    thousand dangers in departing that have not yet been revealed."
    However, she obeyed her husband.

    Moses himself did not know the secret of the quick and
    sudden decision to return to Egypt. After all, he had fled from their
    ten years ago with a price on his head. Why should he go back now? Did
    he look forward to seeing his mother and brother? Did he think of
    visiting Pharaoh's wife who had raised him and who loved him as if she
    were his mother?

    No one knows what went through Moses's mind when he
    returned to Egypt. All we know is that a mute obedience to Allah's
    destinies impelled him to make a decision and he did. These supreme
    destinies steered his steps towards a matter of great importance.

    Moses Begins His

    Moses left Midian with his family and traveled through
    the desert until he reached Mount Sinai. There Moses discovered that he
    had lost his way. He sought Allah's direction and was shown the right
    course. At nightfall they reached Mount Tur. Moses noticed a fire in
    the distance. "I shall fetch a firebrand to warm us."

    As he neared the fire, he heard a sonorous voice
    calling him: "O Moses, I am Allah, the Lord of the Universe." Moses was
    bewildered and looked around. He again heard the strange voice. "And
    what is in you right hand, O Moses?"

    Shivering, Moses answered: "This is my staff on which I
    lean, and with which I beat down branches for my sheep, and for which I
    find other uses." (This question was asked so that Moses' attention
    would focus on the staff and to prepare him for the miracle which was
    to happen. This was the beginning of Moses's mission as a prophet

    The same voice commanded him: "Throw down your staff!"
    He did so, and at once the staff became a wriggling snake. Moses turned
    to run, but the voice again addressed him: "Fear not and grasp it; We
    shall return it to its former state." The snake changed back into his
    staff. Moses's fear subsided and was replaced by peace, for he realized
    that he was witnessing the Truth.

    Next, Allah commanded him to thrust his hand into his
    robe at the armpit. When he pulled it out, the hand had a brilliant
    shine. Allah then commanded Moses; "You have two signs from Your Lord;
    go to Pharaoh and his chiefs, for they are an evil gang and have
    transgressed all bounds."

    However, Moses feared that he would be arrested by
    Pharaoh, so he turned to Allah saying: "My Lord! I have killed a man
    among them and I fear that they will kill me."

    Allah assured him of his safety and set his heart at

    Moses Begins His
    Prophethood - Quranic

    Almighty Allah narrated this event:

    "And has there
    come to you the story of Moses? When he saw a fire, he said to his
    family: "Wait! Verily, I have seen a fire, perhaps I can bring you some
    burning brand therefrom, or find some guidance at the fire."

    And when he came to it the fire, he was called by
    name: "O Moses! Verily! I am your Lord! So take off your shoes, you are
    in the sacred valley, Tuwa. And I have chosen you. So listen to that
    which is inspired to you. Verily! I am Allah! La ilaha illa Ana (none
    has the right to be worshipped but I), so worship Me, and offer prayers
    perfectly, for My Remembrance. Verily, the Hour is coming - and My Will
    is to keep it hidden - that every person may be rewarded for that which
    he strives. Therefore, let the one who believes not therein (in the Day
    of Resurrection, Reckoning, Paradise and Hell etc) but follows his own
    lusts, divert your therefrom lest you perish. And what is that in your
    right hand, O Moses?"

    He said: "This is my stick, whereon I lean, and
    wherewith I beat down branches for my sheep and wherein I find other

    Allah said: "Cast it down, O Moses!"

    He cast it down, and behold! It was a snake, moving

    Allah said: "Grasp it, and fear not, We shall return
    it to its former state, and press your right hand to your left side, it
    will come forth white and shining, and without any disease as another
    sign, that We may show you some of Our Greater Signs.

    "Go To Pharaoh! Verily! He has transgressed (all
    bounds in disbelief and disobedience, and has behaved as an arrogant,
    and as a tyrant)." (Ch. 20: 9-24)

    Moses and Aaron (PBUT)
    Given Their Duties - Quranic

    Moses said: "O my Lord! Open for me my chest (grant
    me self-confidence, contentment, and boldness). And ease my task for
    me; and make loose the knot (the defect) from my tongue, (remove the
    incorrectness of my speech) that they understand my speech, and appoint
    for me a helper from my family, Aaron, my brother; increase my strength
    with him, and let him share my task (of conveying Allah's Message and
    Prophethood), and we may glorify You much, and remember You much,
    Verily! You are of us Ever a Well-Seer."

    Allah said: "You are granted your request, O Moses!
    And indeed We conferred a favor on you another time before. When We
    inspired your mother with that which We inspired, saying: "Put him (the
    child) into the Tabut (a box or a case or a chest) and put him into the
    river (Nile), and then the river shall cast it up on the bank, and
    there, an enemy of Mine and an enemy of his shall take him.' And I
    endured you with love from Me, in order that you maybe brought up under
    My Eye, when your sister went and said; "Shall I show you one who will
    nurse him?' So We restored you to your mother, that she might cool her
    eyes and she should not grieve. Then you did kill a man, but We saved
    you from a great distress and tried you with a heavy trial. Then you
    stayed a number of years witthe people of Midian. Then you came here
    according to the term which I ordained (for you), O Moses!

    "And I have Istana'tuka (chosen you for My
    Inspiration and My Message) for Myself. Go you and your brother with My
    Ayat (proofs, lessons, verses, evidences, signs, revelations, etc), and
    do not, you both, slacken and become weak in My Remembrance.

    "Go, both of you, to Pharaoh, verily, he has
    transgressed all bounds in disbelief and disobedience and behaved as an
    arrogant and as a tyrant. And speak to him mildly, perhaps he may
    accept admonition or fear Allah."

    They said: "Our Lord! Verily! We fear lest he should
    hasten to punish us or lest he should transgress all bounds against us."

    He (Allah) said: "Fear not, Verily! I am with you
    both, Hearing and Seeing. So go you both to him, and say: "Verily, we
    are Messengers of your Lord, so let the children of Israel go with us,
    and torment them not; indeed, we have come with a sign from your Lord!
    And peace will be upon him who follows the guidance! Truly, it has been
    revealed to us that the torment will be for him who denies (believes
    not in the Oneness of Allah, and in His Messengers, etc), and turns
    away' (from the truth, and obedience of Allah)." (Ch 20:9-48 Quran).

    Moses and Aaron (PBUT) Talk to the

    Moses (pbuh) and Aaron (pbuh) went together to Pharaoh
    and delivered their message. Moses spoke to him about Allah, His mercy
    and His Paradise and about the obligations of monotheism and His

    Pharaoh listened to Moses' speech with disdain. He
    thought that Moses was crazy because he dared to question his supreme
    position. Then he raised his hand and asked: "What do you want?"

    Moses answered: "I want you to send the children of
    Israel with us."

    Pharaoh asked: "Why should I send them, as they are my

    Moses replied: "They are the slaves of Allah, Lord of
    the Worlds."

    Pharaoh then inquired sarcastically if his name was
    Moses. Moses said "Yes."

    "Are you not the Moses whom we picked up from the Nile
    as a helpless baby? Are you not the Moses whom we reared in this
    palace, who ate and drank from our provisions and whom our wealth
    showered with charity? Are you not the Moses who is a fugitive, the
    killer of an Egyptian man, if my memory does not betray me? It is said
    that killing is an act of disbelief. Therefore, you were a disbeliever
    when you killed. You are a fugitive from justice and you come to speak
    to me! What were you talking about Moses, I forgot?"

    Moses knew that Pharaoh's mentioning his past, his
    upbringing, and his receiving Pharaoh's charity was Pharaoh's way of
    threatening him. Moses ignored his sarcasm and explained that he was
    not a disbeliever when he killed the Egyptian, he only went astray and
    Allah the Almighty had not yet given him the revelation at that time.
    He made Pharaoh understand that he fled from Egypt because he was
    afraid of their revenge upon him, even though the killing was an
    accident. He informed him that Allah had granted him forgiveness and
    made him one of the messengers.

    Moses and Aaron (PBUT)
    Talk to the Pharaoh - Quranic

    Allah the Almighty revealed to us part of the dialogue
    between Moses (pbuh) and Pharaoh:

    "Allah said: "Nay! Go you both
    with Our Signs, Verily! We shall be with you, listening. And when you
    both come to Pharaoh, say: "We are the Messengers of the Lord of the
    Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists), and So allow the children
    of Israel to go with us.""

    Pharaoh said to Moses: "Did we not bring you up
    among us as a child ? And you did dwell many years of your life with
    us. And you did your deed which you did (the crime of killing a man)
    and you are one of the ingrates."

    Moses said: "I did it then, when I was an ignorant
    (as regards my Lord and His Message). So I fled from you when I feared
    you. But my Lord has granted me Hukman (religious knowledge, right
    judgments of the affairs and Prophethood), and appointed me as one of
    the Messengers. And this is the past favor with which you reproach me,
    and that you have enslaved the children of Israel."

    Pharaoh said: "And what is the Lord of the Alamin
    (mankind, jinn and all that exists)?"

    Moses replied: "Lord of the heavens, and the earth,
    and all that is between them, if you seek to be convinced with

    Pharaoh said to those around: "Do you not hear what
    he says?"

    Moses said: "Your Lord and the Lord of your ancient

    Pharaoh said: "Verily, your Messenger who has been
    sent to you is a madman!"

    Moses said: "Lord of the east, and the west, and all
    that is between them, if you did but understand!"

    Pharaoh said: "If you choose an ilah (a god) other
    than me, I will certainly put you among the prisoners."

    Moses said: "Even if I bring you something manifest
    (and convincing)."

    Pharaoh said: "Bring it forth then, if you are of
    the truthful!" (Ch 26:16-31 Quran)

    Moses Proves Himself Right

    The degree of the conflict expressed in this dialogue
    reached its apex; thus, the tone of dialogue changed. Moses used a
    convincing intellectual argument against Pharaoh. However, Pharaoh
    escaped from the circle of dialogue based on the logic and began a
    dialogue of another type, a type which Moses could not bear to follow;
    a dialogue of menacing and threatening. Pharaoh deliberately adopted
    the style of the absolute ruler. He asked Moses how he dared to worship
    Allah! Did he not know that Pharaoh was a god?

    After declaring his divinity, Pharaoh asked Moses how
    he dared to worship another god. The punishment for this crime was
    imprisonment. It was not permitted for anyone to worship anyone other
    than the Pharaoh. Moses understood that the intellectual arguments did
    not succeed. The calm dialogue was converted from sarcasm to mentioning
    charity, then to scorn, then to the threat of imprisonment.


    Moses said: "Even if I bring you something manifest and
    convincing." Pharaoh said; "Bring it forth, then, if you are of the
    truthful!" So Moses threw his stick, and behold, it was a serpent,
    manifest. And he drew out his hand, and behold, it was white to all
    beholders! (Ch 26:30-33 Quran)

    Moses Defeats the Magicians

    Pharaoh's amazement turned to terror. Fearing that his
    rule was in danger, he addressed his advisors: "These are two wizards
    who will strip you of your best traditions and drive you of the country
    with their magic. What do you advise?" they counseled Pharaoh to detain
    Moses and his brother while they summoned the cleverest magicians in
    the country. Then they too, could show their skills of magic and change
    sticks into serpents. In this way they sought to reduce the influence
    of Moses's miracles on the masses.

    Pharaoh detained Moses and Aaron. He dispatched
    couriers all o ver the land to enlist the best magicians. He offered
    each successful magician a big reward, including appointment as a royal
    courtier. On the customary festival day, which attracted citizens from
    all over the Egyptian empire, Pharaoh arranged for a public contest
    between Moses and the magicians. The people came in droves as near
    before when they heard of the greatest contest ever between Pharaoh's
    many magicians and a single man who claimed to be a prophet. They had
    also heard of a baby who had once floated down the river Nile in a
    basket, landed on Pharaoh's palace grounds, been reared as a prince,
    and who later had fled for killing an Egyptian with a single blow.

    Everyone was eager and excited to watch this great
    contest. Before it began, Moses arose. There was a hush in the huge
    crowd. Moses addressed the magicians. "Woe unto you, if you invent a
    lie against Allah by calling His miracles magic and by not being honest
    with the Pharaoh. Woe unto you, if you do not know the difference
    between the truth and falsehood. Allah will destroy you with His
    punishment, for he who lies against Allah fails miserably."

    Moses had spoke sincerely and made the magicians think.
    But they were overwhelmed by their greed for money and glory. They
    hoped to impress the people with their magic and to expose Moses as a
    fraud and a cheat.

    Moses asked the magicians to perform first. They threw
    their magical objects down on the ground. Their staffs and ropes took
    the forms of wriggling serpents while the crowd watched in amazement.
    Pharaoh and his men applauded loudly. Then Moses threw his staff. It
    began to wriggle vand became an enormous serpent. The people stood up,
    craning their necks for a better view. Pharaoh and his men sat silently
    as, one by one, Moses's huge serpent swallowed all the snakes. Moses
    bent to pick it up, and it became a staff in his hand.

    The crowd rose like a great wave, shouting and
    screaming with excitement. A wonder like this had never been seen
    before! On witnessing the power of Moses, the magicians prostrated
    themselves to Allah, declaring: "We believe in the Lord of Moses and
    Aaron." Pharaoh was angry and began plotting his next move. He charged
    that the demonstration had been arranged secretly between Moses and the
    magicians. He demanded that the magicians confess to their scheme,
    threatening them with death. They refused to denounce Allah and stuck
    to their sincerity of their belief. No longer hiding his cruel nature,
    Pharaoh threatened to cut off their hands and feet and to crucify them
    on the trunks of palm trees as an example to his subjects.

    Moses Defears the
    Magicians - Quranic

    Almighty Allah recounted this event:

    "He (Pharaoh)
    said: "Have you come to drive us out of our land with your magic, O
    Moses? Then verily, we can produce magic the like thereof; so appoint a
    meeting between us and you, which neither we, nor you shall fail to
    keep, in an open wide place where both shall have a just and equal
    chance (and beholders could witness the competition)."

    Moses said: "your appointed meeting is the day of
    the festival, and let the people assemble when the sun has risen

    So Pharaoh withdrew, devised his plot and then came
    back. Moses said to them: "Woe unto you! Invent not a lie against
    Allah, lest He should destroy you completely by a torment. And surely,
    he who invents a lie (against Allah) will fail miserably."

    Then they debated with one another what they must
    do, and they kept their talk secret. They said: "Verily! There are two
    magicians. Their object is to drive you out from your land with magic
    and overcome your chiefs and nobles. So devise your plot, and then
    assemble in line. And whoever overcomes this day will be indeed

    They said: "O Moses! Either you throw first or we be
    the first to throw?"

    Moses said: "nay, throw you (first)!" Then behold,
    their ropes and their sticks, by their magic, appeared to him as though
    they moved fast. So Moses conceived a fear in himself.

    We (Allah) said: "Fear not! Surely, you will have
    the upper hand. Throw that which is in your right hand! It will swallow
    up that which they have made. That which they have made is only a
    magician's trick, and the magician will never be successful, no matter
    whatever amount of skill he may attain."

    So the magicians fell down prostrate. They said :"We
    believe in the Lord of Aaron and Moses."

    Pharaoh said: "Believe you in him (Moses) before I
    give you permission? Verily! He is your chief who taught you magic. So
    I will surely cut off your hands and feet on opposite sides, and I will
    surely crucify you on the trunks of palm trees, and you shall surely
    know which of us (I Pharaoh,) or the Lord of (Moses) (Allah), can give
    the severe and more lasting torment."

    They said: "We prefer you not over the clear signs
    that have come to us, and to Him (Allah) Who created us. So decree
    (regarding) this life of the world. Verily! We have believed in our
    Lord, that He may forgive us our faults, and the magic to which you did
    compel us. And Allah is better as regards reward in comparison to your
    (Pharaoh's) reward, and more lasting (as regards punishment in
    comparison to you punishment)."

    Allah's Description of Belivers and
    Non-Believers - Quranic

    Verily! Whoever comes to his Lord as a Mujrim
    (criminal, polytheist, disbeliever, in the Oneness of Allah and His
    Messengers, sinner, etc.), then surely, for him is Hell, therein he
    will neither die nor live.

    But whoever comes to Him (Allah) as a believer (in
    the Oneness of Allah, etc.), and has done righteous good deeds, for
    such are the high ranks (in the Hereafter), - Everlasting Gardens (And
    Paradise), under which rivers flow, wherein they will abide forever;
    such is the reward of those who purify themselves (by abstaining from
    all kinds of sins and evil deeds which Allah has forbidden and by doing
    all that which Allah has ordained). (Ch 20:58-76 Quran).

    The People's Non -
    Reaction to the defeat of the magicians

    The magicians represented the elite of the Egyptian
    society. They were its scholars. They prostrated before righteousness,
    but the people abandoned them and left them to their fate. The path of
    righteousness was plain, but in spite of this, the people did nothing
    but stand by and watch.

    If every one of the Egyptians had stopped to
    pick up a piece of brick and had thrown it at Pharaoh, he would have
    fallen dead and the history of Egypt would have been changed.

    obviously did not happen. None of the people moved. Each one stood
    motionless in his place. The people did nothing but watch, and they
    paid the price of this inactivity: they were drowned later as the price
    for the cowardice of one day.

    The Pharaoh's Reaction
    to Moses Victory

    Moses and Aaron left, and Pharaoh returned to his
    palace. Pharaoh entered to his palace. Pharaoh was completely stupefied
    when he faced the two miracles. When Moses went out of his presence,
    his emotions changed from amazement and fear to violent rage. He
    quarreled with his ministers and men, reviled them bitterly for no
    reason, and commanded them to get out of his presence. When he was left
    alone, he tried to think more calmly. He drank several cups of wine,
    but his anger did not abate.

    Then he summoned all the ministers, leaders, and
    responsible men for a serious meeting. Pharaoh entered the meeting with
    a rigid face. It was obvious that he would never surrender easily. He
    had established a kingdom on the basis of his being a god worshipped by
    the Egyptian people. Now Moses came to destroy what he had built. Moses
    said that there was no Lord other than Allah in existence. This meant
    that Pharaoh was a liar.

    Pharaoh opened the session by throwing a sudden
    question at Haman: "Am I a liar, O Haman?"

    Haman fell to his knees in amazement and asked: "Who
    dared to accuse Pharaof lying?"

    Pharaoh said: "Has he (Moses) not said that there is a
    Lord in the heaven?"

    Haman answered: "Moses is lying."

    Turning his face to the other side, Pharaoh asserted
    impatiently: "I know he is a liar." Then he looked towards Haman (and

    "O Haman! Build me a tower that I may arrive at the
    ways, -
    the ways of the heavens, and I may look upon the Ilah (God) of Moses
    but verily, I think him to be a liar."

    Thus it was made fair seeming, in Pharaoh's eyes,
    the evil of his deeds, and he was hindered from the Right Path, and the
    plot of Pharaoh led to nothing but loss and destruction for him. (Ch
    40:36-37 Quran).

    Pharaoh issued his royal command to erect a lofty
    tower, its height to reach the heavens. Pharaoh's command depended
    fundamentally upon Egyptian civilization and its fondness for building
    what Pharaoh wanted. However, he ignored the rules of engineering. In
    spite of this, Haman assented (hypocritically), knowing that it was
    impossible to erect such a tower. He said that he would issue a command
    to build it immediately. "However, your majesty, let me object to
    Pharaoh for the first time. You will never find anyone in the heavens.
    There is no god but you."

    Pharaoh listened to a settled fact. Then he declared in
    the famous meeting his historic line:

    "O chiefs! I know not that
    you an ilah (a god) other than me." (Ch 28:38 Quran).


    Pharaoh's Men Spread


    Pharaoh was absorbed in his new problem. A series of
    serious meetings began in his palace. He summoned those responsible for
    the army, the police and, what we call today his director of
    intelligence. He also summoned the ministers, princes, and priests. He
    called whoever had a powerful effect on the direction of events.

    Pharaoh asked his director of intelligence: "What do
    people say?"

    He said: "My men have spread among them that Moses won
    the contest because of a plot and that a major magician had joined with
    him in this plan. The plot had been disclosed, and we believe an
    unknown authority financed it."

    Pharaoh asked his director of police: "What about the
    magicians' corpses?"

    He said: "My men hung them in public squares and
    markets to terrify the people. We will spread a rumor that Pharaoh will
    kill whoever had anything to do with the plot."

    Then Pharaoh asked the commander of the army: "What
    does the army say?"

    He said: "The army hopes that commands will be issued
    to move in whatever direction Pharaoh desires."

    Pharaoh said: "The role of the army has not come yet.
    Its role will come."

    Pharaoh's Men Harm the Believers

    Pharaoh fell silent. Haman, the Prime Minister, moved
    and raised his hand to speak. Pharaoh permitted him and Haman asked:
    "Will we leave Moses and his people to corrupt the rest of the people
    on the earth so that they leave your worship?"

    Pharaoh said: "You read my thoughts, O Haman. We will
    kill their sons, rape their women, and conquer them." He issued
    commands, and Pharaoh's men rushed to slay the sons, rape the women,
    and imprison whomever objected to these acts.

    Moses stood watching what was happening. He could not
    interfere, nor did he have the power to forbid these acts. All he could
    do was to advise his people to be patient. He ordered them to ask Allah
    the Almighty for a calamity on the Egyptians. He pointed out to them
    the model of the Egyptian magicians who endured for Allah's sake
    without complaint. He helped them to understand that Pharaoh's soldiers
    behaved on earth as if they were its private owners.

    Pharaoh's terrorism infused the children of Israel with
    a spirit of defeat. They complained to Moses:

    "We (children of
    Israel) had suffered troubles before you came to us, and since you have
    come to us." He said: "It maybe that your Lord will destroy your enemy
    and make you successors on the earth, so that He may see how you act."
    (Ch 7:129 Quran).

    Korah - His Actions and Destruction

    Moses began to face a difficult situation. He had to
    confront Pharaoh's anger and his plots, while at the same time he had
    to deal with the mutiny of his people. In the midst of all this, Korah
    (Qaroun) moved.

    Korah was one of Moses' s people. He was very rich and
    lived in a magnificent mansion. He wore only the most expensive
    clothes. Numerous slaves waited on him and he indulged in every known
    luxury. His enormous wealth made him arrogant. Korah treated the poor
    with contempt and told them that their poverty was due to their lack of
    intelligence. He believed that what he owned was due to his own
    cleverness and business ability.

    Moses reminded Korah to pay alms (zakat) on his wealth,
    a portion of which was rightfully due to the poor. Alms are compulsory
    upon all the believers. Korah was annoyed by this advice and told Moses
    that his being wealthy was proof that he was favored by Allah, Who
    approved of his life-style and increased his wealth daily. Moses argued
    with him and warned him of the result of his wicked thoughts.

    When Korah did calculate the alms due on his wealth, he
    was shocked at the large amount he had to part with. He not only
    refused to give alms, but spread a rumor that Moses had invented the
    law of zakat for his own gain. He even bribed the people to oppose
    Moses and to spread wicked rumors about him.

    Allah warned Moses of Korah's plot. Moses appealed to
    Allah to punish him for his stinginess and for defying His laws.
    Allah's anger fell on Korah. The earth opened up and swallowed him, his
    mansion and all his wealth, as if he had never existed.

    Korah - His Actions
    and Destruction - Quranic

    Almighty Allah revealed:

    "Verily, Korah was of
    Moses's people, but he behaved arrogantly towards them. And We gave him
    of the treasures, that of which the keys would have been a burden to a
    body of strong men. When his people said to him: "Do not be glad with
    ungratefulness to Allah's Favors). Verily! Allah likes not those who
    are glad (with wealth) which Allah has bestowed on you, the home of the
    Hereafter, and forget nor your portion of legal enjoyment in this
    world, and do good as Allah has been good to you, and seek not mischief
    in the land. Verily, Allah likes not the Mufsideen (those who commit
    great crimes and sins, oppressors, tyrants, and mischief-makers,

    He said: "This has been given to me only because of
    knowledge I possess." Did he not know that Allah had destroyed before
    him generations, men who were stronger than him in might and greater in
    the amount of riches, they had collected. But the Murimun (criminals,
    disbeliveers, polytheists, sinners, etc.) will not be questioned of
    their sins (because Allah knows them well, so they will be punished
    without account). So he went forth before his people in his pomp. Those
    who were desirous of the life of the world said: "Ah, would that we had
    the like of what Korah has been given! Verily! He is the owner of a
    great fortune."

    But those who had been given religious knowledge
    said: "Woe to you! The Reward of Allah (in the Hereafter) is better for
    those who believe and do righteous good deeds, and this none shall
    attain except those who are patient (in following the truth)."

    So We caused the earth to swallow him and his
    dwelling place. Then he had no group or party to help him against
    Allah, nor was he one of those who could save themselves. And those who
    had desired (for a position like) his position, the day before, began
    to say; "Know you not that it is Allah Who enlarges the provision or
    restricts it to whomsoever He please of His slaves? Had it not been
    that Allah was Gracious to us, He could have caused the earth to
    swallow us up also!" Know you not that the disbeliveers will never be
    successful? (Ch 28:76-82 Quran).

    The Pharaohs Relative
    Defends Moses

    When the Egyptians and children of Israel examined the
    miracle, the conflict between Moses and Pharaoh again reached a crisis
    because Pharaoh believed that Moses was threatening his kingdom.

    Pharaoh was afraid that the people would be misled by
    Moses. He suggested to his ministers and notable men that Moses be
    killed. We believe that Haman supported the idea along with a front of
    disbeliveers. It was on the verge of approval, except for the vote of
    one of the notable men of the state, whose name is not mentioned in the
    Quran. The Quran says only that this man was a believer.

    This believer spoke in the assembly where the idea of
    killing Moses had been introduced. He proved that it was not a good
    idea: "Moses did not say more than that Allah is his Lord. Later, he
    came with clear evidence that he is a messenger. There are two
    possibilities; either Moses is righteous or a liar. If he lies, he will
    be responsible for his lie. If he is righteous and we slay him, where
    is the guarantee that we will be rescued from the torment of Allah?
    Either way, he neither says nor does anything that merits our killing

    This angered Pharaoh and his counselors and they
    threatened to harm the man, but he refused to budge from his stance.
    Then they tried to woo him back, but he still warned them that they
    were inviting their doom. This angered Pharaoh more, and he now
    threatened to kill the man. However, Allah protected His believer.

    The Pharaoh's Relative
    Defends Moses - Quranic

    Almighty Allah revealed their dialogue:

    said: "Leave me to kill Moses, and let him call his Lord (to stop me
    from killing him)! I fear that he may change your religion, or that he
    may cause mischief to appear in the land!"

    Moses said: "Verily, I seek refuge in my Lord and
    your Lord from every arrogant who believes not in the Day of Reckoning!"

    And a believing man of Pharaoh's family, who hid his
    faith said: "Would you kill a man because he says: My Lord is Allah,
    and he has come to you with clear signs (proofs) from your Lord? And if
    he is a liar, upon him will be (the sin of) his lie; but if he is
    telling the truth, then some of that calamity wherewith he threatens
    you will befall on you. Verily, Allah guides not one who is a Musrif (a
    polytheist, or a murderer who shed blood without a right, or those who
    commit great sins, oppressor, transgressor, a liar! O my people! Yours
    is the kingdom this day, you are uppermost in the land. But, who will
    save us from the Torment of Allah, should it befall us?"

    Pharaoh said: "I show you only that which I see
    correct and I guide you only to the path of right policy!"

    And he who believed said: "O my people! Verily, I
    fear for you a fate like that day of disaster of the confederate of
    old! Like the fate of the people of Noah, and 'Ad, and Thamud, and
    those who came after them. And Allah wills no injustice for His slaves.
    And, O my people! Verily! I fear for you the Day when there will be
    mutual calling between the people of Hell and of Paradise."

    A Day when you will turn your backs and flee having
    no protector from Allah, and whomsoever Allah sends astray, for him
    there is no guide. And indeed Joseph did come to you, in times gone by,
    with clear signs, but you ceased not to doubt in that which he did
    bring to you, till when he died you said: "No Messenger will Allah send
    after him." Thus Allah leaves astray him who is a Musrif (a polytheist,
    oppressor, a criminal, sinner who commits great sins) and a Murtab (one
    who doubts Allah's warning and His Oneness). Those who dispute about
    the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, revelations and signs,
    etc.) of Allah, without any authority that has come to them, it is
    greatly hateful in the Sight of Allah and in the sigh of those who
    believe. Thus does Allah seal up the heart of every arrogant, tyrant.
    (So they cannot guide themselves to the Right Path).

    And Pharaoh said: "O Haman! Build me a tower that I
    may arrive at the ways, - the ways of the heavens, and I may look upon
    the Ilah (God ) of Moses but verily, I think him to be a liar."

    Thus it was made fair seeming, in Pharaoh's eyes,
    the evil of his deeds, and he was hindered from the Right Path, and the
    plot of Pharaoh led to nothing but loss and destruction for him.

    And the man who believed said: "O my people! Follow
    me, I will guide you to the way of right conduct (guide you to Allah's
    Religion of Islamic Monotheism with which Moses has been sent). O my
    people! Truly, this life of the world is nothing but a (quick passing)
    enjoyment, and verily, the Hereafter that is the home that will remain
    forever. Whosoever does an evil deed, will not be requited except the
    like thereof, and whosoever does a righteous deed, whether male or
    female, and is a true believer (in the Oneness of Allah), such will
    enter Paradise, where they will be provided therein (with all things in
    abundance) without limit."

    "And O my people! How is it that I call you to
    salvation while you call me to the Fire! You invite me to disbelieve in
    Allah (and in His Oneness), and to join partners in worship with Him,
    of which I have no knowledge, and I invite you to the All-Mighty, the
    Oft-Forgiving! No doubt you call me to worship one who cannot grant me
    my request or respond to my invocation in this world or in the
    Hereafter. And our return will be to Allah, and Al-Musrifeen
    (polytheists, and arrogants, those who commit great sins, the
    transgressors of Allah's set limits)! The shall be the dwellers of the
    Fire! And you will remember what I am telling you, and my affair I
    leave it to Allah. Verily, Allah is the All-Seer of His slaves."

    So Allah saved him from the evils that they plotted
    (against him), while an evil torment encompassed Pharaoh's people. (Ch
    40:26-45 Quran).

    The Plagues of Egypt

    Moses repeated his demand that Pharaoh release the
    children of Israel from slavery. In response, Pharaoh called his
    subjects, including the children of Israel, to a huge gathering where
    he reminded them that he was their lord and provided all their needs.
    Moses, he said, had no gold amulets nor angels following him; he was
    just a poor man.

    Being a people who had been oppressed for a very long
    time, they lacked vision. Their judgment were limited to what they
    could see in the material world. They regarded their ruler to be
    wealthy and able to provide all their worldly needs. In ignorance, they
    obeyed Pharaoh and ignored Moses's call.

    Egypt Suffers a
    Drought and a Flood

    Allah commanded Moses to warn
    Pharaoh of a punishment in this world for his faithlessness and his
    persecution of the children of Israel. As a portent of the punishment
    which Allah would meet out, the Nile did not flood its banks to soak
    the dry land as it normally did. As a result, crops failed, leading to
    famine. However Pharaoh remained arrogant, so Allah caused a huge
    flood, which devastated the land.

    Egypt's Crops are
    Destroyed by Locusts

    As often as they were troubled grievously, they
    appealed to Moses thus:

    "O Moses! Invoke your Lord for us because
    of His Promise to you. IF you will remove the punishment from us, we
    indeed shall believe in you, and we shall let the children of Israel go
    with you." (Ch 7:134 Quran)

    Moses prayed to his Lord and He relived the suffering
    caused by the flood. The surging water ceased and withdrew from the
    land, and it became cultivatable. But when Moses bade them to fulfill
    their promise to release the children of Israel, they did not respond.

    Then Allah sent swarms of locusts which ate whatever
    corps they had grown. The people hurried to Moses, asking him to invoke
    Allah to remove this affliction and promising they would send the
    children of Israel with him this time. The locusts departed, but they
    did not fulfill their promise.

    Egypt Becomes Infested
    with Lice

    Then another sign came, the sign of lice, which spread
    amongst the Egyptians, carrying diseases. Their refuge to Moses and
    their promise to him was repeated. His prayer to Allah was repeated and
    so, too, their breach of promise, as usual.

    Egypt Becomes Infested
    with Frogs

    A sign of frogs was revealed. The land suddenly filled
    with frogs. They jumped on the food of the Egyptians, shared their
    houses, and distressed them greatly. The Egyptians went to Moses again,
    promising him to release the children of Israel. He prayed to his Lord,
    and Allah relieved them of the problem of the frogs, but they again
    broke their promise.

    Nile's water was
    changed to Blood

    Then the last sign was revealed, the sign of blood. The
    Nile water was changed into blood. When Moses and his people drank the
    water, it was, for them, ordinary water. However, if any Egyptian
    filled his cup with the water, he discovered his cup full of blood.
    They hurried to Moses as usual, but as soon as everything returned to
    normal, they turned their backs on Allah.

    Allah's Punishments on
    the Disbelievers - Quranic

    Almighty Allah said:

    "And indeed We punished the
    people of Pharaoh with years of drought, and shortness of fruits
    (crops, etc.), that they mighty remember (take heed). But whenever good
    came to them, they said: "Ours is this." And if evil athem, they
    ascribed it to evil omens connected with Moses and those with him. Be
    informed! Verily, their evil omens are with Allah but most of them know
    not. They said to Moses: "Whatever Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses,
    lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) you may bring to us, to work
    therewith your sorcery on us, we shall never believe in you." So We
    sent on them: the flood, the locusts, the lice, the frogs, and the
    blood: (as a succession of) manifest signs, yet they remained arrogant,
    and they were of those people who were Mujrimeen (criminals,
    polytheists, sinners, etc.) (Ch 7:130-133 Quran)

    Almighty Allah also said:

    " But when We removed the
    punishment from them to a fixed term, which they had to reach, behold!
    They broke their word! (Ch 7:135 Quran)

    Moses' Story - Condensed and Quranic

    Pharaoh became ruder and more arrogant. He proclaimed
    to his people. "Pharaoh is the only god. Has he not the kingdom of
    Egypt and rivers flowing under it?" He declared that Moses was a liar,
    a magician, and a poor man who did not wear even one bracelet of gold.

    Almighty Allah declared: And indeed We did sent
    Moses with Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs,
    revelations, etc.) to Pharaoh and his chiefs (inviting them to Allah's
    Religion of Islam). He said: "Verily! I am a Messenger of the Lord of
    the Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists).

    But when he came to them with our Ayat (proofs,
    evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) behold! They
    laughed at them. And not an Ayah (sign, etc.) We showed them but it was
    greater than its fellow, and We seized them with torment in order that
    they might turn from their polytheism to Allah's Religion (Islamic

    And they said to Moses: "O you sorcerer! Invoke your
    Lord for us according to what He has covenanted with you. Verily, we
    shall guide ourselves aright."

    But when We removed the torment from them, behold!
    They broke their covenant (that they will believe if We remove the
    torment for them).

    And Pharaoh proclaimed among his people, saying "O
    my people! Is not mine the dominion of Egypt, and the rivers flowing
    underneath me. See you not then? Am I not better than this one (Moses),
    and who is Mahin (has no honor nor any respect, and is weak, and
    despicable) and can scarcely express himself clearly? Why then are not
    golden bracelets bestowed on him, or angels sent along with him?"

    Thus he (Pharaoh) befooled and misled his people,
    and they obeyed him. Verily, they were Fasiqeen (rebellious,
    disobedient to Allah).

    So When they angered Us, We punished them, and
    drowned them all. And We made them a precedent (as a lesson for those
    coming after them), and an example to later generations. (Ch 43:46-56

    Pharaoh and his Amry
    Perish - Moses Allowed to Leave Egypt 

    It appeared that Pharaoh would never believe in Moses'
    s message, nor would he stop the torture of the children of Israel.
    Therefore, Moses prayed to his Lord thus:

    "Our Lord! You have
    indeed bestowed on Pharaoh and his chiefs splendor and wealth in the
    life of this world, our Lord! That they may lead men astray from Your
    Path. Our Lord! Destroy their wealth, and harden their hearts, so that
    they will not believe until they see the painful torment."

    Allah said: "Verily, the invocation of you both is
    accepted. So you both keep to the Straight Way (keep on doing good
    deeds, and preaching Allah's Message with patience), and follow not the
    path of those who know not (the truth, to believe in the Oneness of
    Allah, and also to believe in the Reward of Allah: Paradise etc.)." (Ch
    10:88-89 Quran)

    Allah inspired Moses to conduct his people of Egypt,
    but only a few of his people believed in his message. Allah revealed:

    "But none believed in Moses except the offspring of
    his people, because
    of the fear of Pharaoh and his chiefs lest they should persecute them;
    and verily, Pharaoh was an arrogant tyrant on the earth, he was indeed
    one of the Musrifeen (polytheists, sinners, and transgressors, those
    who give up the truth and follow the evil, and commit all kinds of
    great sins).

    And Moses said: "O my people! If you have believed
    in Allah, then put your trust in Him if you are Muslims (those who
    submit to Allah's Will)."

    They said: "In Allah we put our trust. Our Lord!
    Make us not a trial for the folk who are zalimeen (polytheists, and
    wrong-doing) (do not make them overpower us). And save us by Your Mercy
    from the disbelieving folk." (Ch 10:83-86 Quran).

    Almighty Allah decided to put an end to Pharaoh's
    crimes after He had given him several chances. Allah commanded Moses to
    depart, and the children of Israel received reluctant permission from
    the Pharaoh to go out of the city for the feast. They prepared
    themselves to leave Egypt. This later became known as Exodus. They
    carried with them their jewels and borrowed a lot of jewels from the

    The Pharaoh Learns of
    the Believer's Escape

    In the darkness of night, Moses led his people towards
    the Red Sea, and in the morning they reached the beach. By then Pharaoh
    was aware of their departure, so he mobilized a huge army to pursue

    The Parting of the Red

    The impatient children of Israel soon became agitated
    and Joshua (Yusha), Ibn Nun, exclaimed: "In front of us is this
    impassable barrier, the sea, and behind us the enemy; surely death
    cannot be avoided!"

    Moses replied that he would wait for further guidance
    from Allah. These words filled them with some hope, but man is always
    impatient for results: they were willing to surrender themselves back
    into slavery. At that moment Allah revealed to Moses: "Smite the sea
    with your staff!" Moses did as he was commanded. A fierce wind blew,
    the sun shone brightly, and in a flash the sea parted, the crests of
    the waves standing like mountains on each side.

    Moses led his people across. This miracle proved
    Moses's oft-repeated claim. "Verily! My Lord is with me!" As they
    looked back, they saw Pharaoh and his army approaching, about to take
    the very path which had been opened for them. In great fear and panic,
    they pleaded with Moses to ask Allah to close the sea. However, Allah
    commanded Moses not to smite the sea with his staff again, for Allah's
    decree was already in action.

    The Death of the

    Pharaoh and his army had seen the miracle, how the sea
    had parted, but being the pretender that he was, Pharaoh turned to his
    men and proclaimed: "Look! The sea has opened at my command so that I
    may follow those rebels and arrest them!" They rushed across the parted
    waters, and when they were midway, Allah commanded the sea to return to
    its former state.

    Terror-stricken Pharaoh, realizing his end had come,
    declared out of fear: "I believe that there is no god worthy of worship
    except Allah in Whom the children of Israel believe, and I am of those
    who surrender to Him." But Allah did not accept this declaration from
    the tyrant, and the waters closed over him, drowning him and his entire

    Almighty Allah narrated:

    "And We inspired Moses,
    saying: "Take away My slaves by night, verily, you will be pursued."
    Then Pharaoh sent callers to all the cities. Saying: "Verily! These
    indeed are but a small band. And verily, they have done what has
    enraged us; but we are host all assembled, amply fore-warned."

    So, We expelled them from gardens and springs,
    treasures, and every kind of honorable place. Thus (We turned them
    Pharaoh's people) out, and We caused the children of Israel to inherit

    So they pursued them at sunrise. And when the two
    hosts saw each other, the people of Moses said: "We are sure to be

    Moses said: "Nay, verily! With me is my Lord, He
    will guide me."

    Then We inspired Moses saying: "Strike the sea with
    your stick." And it parted, and each separate (part of that sea water)
    became like the huge, firm mass of a mountain.

    Then We brought near the others (Pharaoh's party) to
    that place. And We saved Moses and all those with him. Then We drowned
    the others. Verily! In this is indeed a sign (or a proof), yet most of
    them are not believers. And verily, your Lord! He is truly the
    All-Mighty, the Most Merciful." (Ch 26:52-68 Quran)

    Moses' People Escape
    and Pharaoh's Death - Quranic

    In another surah Almighty Allah narrated:

    "And We
    took the children of Israel across the sea, and Pharaoh with his hosts
    followed them in oppression and enmity, till when drowning overtook
    him, he sai: "I believe that La ilaha illa huwa (none has the right to
    be worshipped but) He, in whom the children of Israel believe, and I am
    one of the Muslims (those who submit to Allah's Will)."

    Now (you believe) while you refused to believe
    before and you were one of the mufsideen (evildoers, corrupts, etc.).
    So this day We shall deliver your dead body out from the sea that you
    maybe a sign to those who come after you! And verily, many among
    mankind are heedless or our Ayah (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons,
    signs, revelations, etc.). (Ch 10:90-92 Quran)

    The curtain fell on Pharaoh's tyranny, and the waves
    threw his corpse up to the western seashore. The Egyptians saw him and
    knew that their god whom they worshipped and obeyed were mere slaves
    who could not keep death away from their own necks.

    The Moses' People Desire an Idol

    In spite of Pharaoh's death, he left a bad influence on the
    souls of the children of Israel. It was diffiult for the years of
    oppression and intense humilty to pass easily. He had made them
    accustomed to humbling themselves and submitting to someone other than
    Allah. he had so suppressed their souls and spoiled their nature that
    they began to torture Moses out of ignorance and obstinacy.

    The miracle of the parting of the sea was still fresh in their minds,
    damp sea sands were still stuck on their soles, when they passed by a
    people worshipping idols. Instead of manifesting their indignation at
    the idolaters' oppression of the intellect by  celebrating the
    praises of Allah for His guidance, they looked to Moses for him to
    specify a god for them to worship as those other people did. They were
    jealous of the other people and their idols, and they desired the same.
    They missed the ancient idolatry which they had lived with during the
    reign of Pharaoh.

    Moses' People Desire an Idol - Quranic

    llah the Exalted revealed:

    "And We
    brought the Children of Israel (with safety) across the sea, and they
    came upon a people devoted to some of their idols (in
    worship). They said: "O Mûsa (Moses)! Make for us an ilâhan (a
    god) as they have âliha (gods)." He said: "Verily, you are a people who
    know not (the Majesty and Greatness of Allâh and what is obligatory
    upon you, i.e. to worship none but Allâh Alone, the One and the Only
    God of all that exists)."

    [Mûsa (Moses) added:] "Verily, these people will be
    destroyed for that which they are engaged in (idols-worship). And
    all that they are doing is in vain."

    He said: "Shall I seek for you an Ilâhan (a God) other
    than Allâh, while He has given you superiority over the 'Alamîn
    (mankind and jinns of your time)."

    And (remember) when We rescued you from Fir'aun's
    (Pharaoh) people, who were afflicting you with the worst torment,
    killing your sons and letting your women live. And in that was a great
    trial from your Lord." (Ch. 7: 138-141)


    The Favours of Allah on Moses' People

    The children of Israel were favoured with Allah's grace and
    bounty. They were saved from oppression and had witnessed the drowning
    of their cruel ruler Pharaoh. When they needed water in the dry land,
    Allah commanded Moses to strike a rock, which parted and sent forth
    twelve springs of water for the twelve different tribes so that they
    need not dispute over a shortage of water. Allah also kept the skies
    cloudy to protect them from the scorching sun. To relieve their hunger,
    manna (the dried exudate of certain plants) and quail were provided for

    In spite of Allah's generousity, the mean spirited ones began to stir
    Moses' people to object that they were disgusted with this food; they
    desires onions, garlic, beans, and lentils, which were traditional
    Egyptian foods. That is why the children of Israel
    asked Prophet Moses to pray to Allah to make the earth produce these
    foods. Moses again admonished them for oppressing themselves and for
    their desire to return to a life of humiliation in Egypt. He also
    pointed out that they were ungrateful for the bet and most abundant
    food. They wanted the worst instead of the best.

    Allah's Favours on
    Moses' People - Quranic

    Allah the Exalted said:

    " Remember when Moses asked
    for water for his people, We said: "Strike the stone with your stick."
    Then gushed forth therefrom twelve springs. Each group of people knew
    its own place for water. "Eat and drink of what which Allah had
    provided and do not act corruptly, making mischief on the earth."

    And remember when you said: "O Moses! We cannot
    endure one kind of food. So invoke your Lord for us to b ring forth for
    us of what the earth grows, its herbs, its cucumbers, its Fum (wheat,
    or garlic), its lentils and its onions." He said: "Would you exchange
    that which is better for that which is lower? Go you down to any town
    and you shall find what you want!" (Ch 2:60-61 Quran).

    The Cowardice of
    Moses' People

    Allah had also directed Moses to lea them to the
    Promised Land (Palestine) which had been promised to Abraham as a land
    in which the pious and Allah-fearing of his offspring would live and
    uphold Allah's law. The children of Israel were an ungrateful people.
    In spite of all of Allah's favors, they could not stay away from evil
    and continued to reject Allah's Laws. When Moses ordered them to
    conquer the town of the Canaanites the Hittites (their enemies who had
    hounded them), the children of Israel were cowardly and made excuses:
    "O Moses, a great people dwell therein, We will not go in unless they
    leave." Ancient books tell that they were six hundred thousand men.
    Moses did not find among them but two men who were ready to fight.
    These two said to the people: "Once we enter through the door, Allah
    will make us victorious." However, all the children of Israel were an
    incarnation of cowardice and quivered from within.

    Allah Keeps Moses'
    People Wandering

    Moses knew that his people were fit for nothing.
    Pharaoh was dead, but his effect upon their souls still remained. Their
    recovery needed a long period of time. Moses returned to his Lord,
    telling Him that he was responsible only for the actions of himself and
    his brother. He prayed to his Lord to judge between his people and

    Allah the Exalted issued His judgment against this
    generation whose nature was corrupted by the Egyptians: they must
    wander restlessly in the wilderness until this generation had died or
    become senile and had created another generation, a generation which
    had not been defeated from within and which could fight and score

    The Cowardice of
    Moses' People - Quranic

    Almighty Allah revealed:

    " And remember when Moses
    said to his people: "O my people! Remember the Favor of Allah to you,
    when He made Prophets among you, made you kings, and gave you what He
    had not give to any other among the Alamin (mankind and jinn), in the
    past. O my people! Enter the holy land (Palestine) which Allah has
    assigned to you and turn not back in flight for then you will be
    returned as losers."

    They said: "O Moses! In it (this holy land) are a
    people of great strength, and we shall never enter it, till they leave
    it; when they leave, then we will enter."

    Two men of those who feared Allah and in whom Allah
    had His Grace said: "Assault them through the gate, for when you are
    in, victory will be yours, and put your trust in Allah if you are
    believers indeed."

    They said: "O Moses! We shall never enter it as long
    as they are there. So go you, and your Lord and fight you two, we are
    sitting right here." (Ch. 5: 20-24)

    Moses' People are Kept Wandering - Quranic

    He (Moses) said: "O my Lord! I have power only over
    myself and my brother, so separate us from the people who are the
    Fasiqeen (rebellious and disobedient to Allah)!"

    Allah said: "Therefore it (this holy land) is
    forbidden to them for forty years; in distraction they will wander
    through the land. So be not sorrowful over the people who are the
    Fasiqeen (rebellious and disobedient to Allah)." (Ch 5:20-26 Quran)

    Moses Fasts for Forty

    The days of restless wandering began. Each day ended
    where it began and began where it ended. They started walking to no
    destination, day and night, morning and evening. They entered Sinai.
    Moses came to the same place where he had spoke to Allah for the first
    time. He appealed to Allah for guidance in judging over his people.
    Allah instructed him to purify himself by fasting for thirty days,
    after which he was to go to Mount Sinai, where he would be given the
    law by which he would govern his people.

    The ancients said that after Moses fasted thirty days,
    he hated to speak to his Lord because of the odor of his mouth. He ate
    a plant of the earth and then his Lord said to him: "Why did you break
    your fast?" Moses said: "O my Lord, I disliked to speak to You with my
    mouth not having a pleasant smell." Allah said: "Do you not know,
    Moses, the odor of the faster's mouth is more fragrant to Me than the
    rose. Go back and fast ten days; then come back to Me." Moses did what
    Allah commanded.

    Moses Speaks to Allah
    - Quranic

    Almighty Allah declared:

    " And We appointed for
    Moses thirty nights and added to the period ten more, and he completed
    them term, appointed by his Lord, of forty nights. And Moses said to
    his brother Aaron: "Replace me among my people, act in the Right Way
    (by ordering the people to obey Allah and to worship Him Alone) and
    follow not the way of the Mufsideen (mischief makers)."

    And when Moses came the time and
    place appointed by Us,
    and his Lord spoke to him, he said: "O my Lord! Show me (yourself),
    that I may look upon You."

    Allah said: "You cannot see Me, but look upon the
    mountain if it stands still in its place then you shall see Me." So
    when his Lord appeared to the mountain, He made it collapse to dust,
    and Moses fell down unconscious. Then when he recovered his senses he
    said: "Glory be to You, I turn to You in repentance and I am the first
    of the believers."

    Allah said: "O Moses, I have chosen you above men by My
    Messages, and by My speaking to you. So hold that which I have given
    you and be of the grateful."

    And We wrote for him on the Tablets the lesson to be
    drawn from all things and the explanation of all things (and said):
    "hold unto these with firmness, and enjoin your people to take the
    better therein, I shall show you the home of Al Fasiqeen (the
    rebellious, disobedient to Allah). I shall turn away from My Ayat
    (verses from the Quran), those who behave arrogantly on the earth, in a
    wrongful manner, and even if they see all the Ayat (proofs, evidences,
    verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) they will not believe in
    them. And if they see the way of righteousness (monotheism, piety, and
    good deeds), they will not adopt
    it as the Way, but if they see
    the way
    of error (polytheism, crimes, and evil deeds), they will adopt that
    way, that is because they have rejected Our Ayat (proofs, evidences,
    verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and were heedless to learn a
    lesson from them. Those who deny Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses,
    lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and the Meeting in the Hereafter
    (Day of Resurrection), vain are their deeds. Do they expect to be
    rewarded with anything except what they used to do?" (Ch 7:142-147

    The Ten Commandments

    The Earlier scholars said that The Ten Commandments of
    Torah are included in two verses of the Quran.

    "Say: "Come, I will
    recite what your Lord has prohibited you from: Join not anything in
    worship with Him; be good and dutiful to your parents; kill not your
    children because of poverty- We provide sustenance for you and for
    them; come not near to shameful sins (illegal sexual intercourse, etc.)
    whether committed openly or secretly; and kill not anyone whom Allah
    has forbidden, except for a just cause (according to Islamic law). This
    He has commanded you that you may understand. And come not near to the
    orphan's property, except to improve it, until he or she attains the
    age of full strength; and give full measure and full weight with
    justice. We burden not any person but that which he can bear. And
    whenever you give your word (judge between men or give evidences, etc.)
    , say the truth even if a near relative is concerned, and fulfill the
    Covenant of Allah. This He commands you, that you may remember." (Ch
    6:151-152 Quran).

    The Story of Golden
    Calf - Moses' People Turn to Idolatry

    Moses (pbuh) had been gone for forty days and his
    people were becoming restless, for they did not know that Allah had
    extended his time by a further ten days. Samiri, a man who was inclined
    towards evil, suggested that they find themselves another guide, as
    Moses had broken his promise. He said to them: "In order to find true
    guidance, you need a god, and I shall provide one for you."

    So he collected all their gold jewelry, dug a hole in
    which he placed the lot, and lit a huge fire to melt it down. During
    the casting, he threw a handful of dust, making actions like a
    magician's to impress the ignorant. From the molten metal he fashioned
    a golden calf. It was hollow, and the wind passing through it produced
    a sound. Since superstition was imbedded in their past, they quickly
    linked the strange sound to something supernatural, as if it were a
    living god. Some of them accept the golden calf as their god.

    Aaron Tries to Reason
    with the Idolaters

    Moses's brother Aaron (pbuh), who acted as their leader
    in Moses' s absence, was grieved and spoke up: "O my people! You have
    been deceived. Your Lord is the Most Beneficent. Follow and obey me."

    They replied: "We shall stop worshipping this god only
    if Moses returns."

    Those who had remained steadfast in belief separated
    themselves from the pagans.

    Moses Sees the

    On his return Moses saw his people singing and dancing
    around the calf statue. Furious at their paganistic ritual, he flung
    down the Tablet of the Law he was carrying for them. He tugged Aaron's
    beard and his hair, crying: "What held you back when you saw them going
    astray? Whey did you not fight this corruption?"

    Aaron replied: "O son of my mother, let go of my beard!
    The fold considered me weak and were about to kill me. So make not the
    enemies rejoice over me, nor put me among the people who are

    Moses' s anger began to subside when he understood
    Aaron's helplessness, and he began to handle the situation calmly and

    Almighty Allah narrated:

    "They said: "We broke not
    the promise to you, of our own will, but we were made to carry the
    weight of the ornaments of the Pharaoh's people, then we cast them into
    the fire, and that was what As-Samiri suggested."

    Then he took out of the fire, for them a statue of a
    calf which seemed to low. They said: "This is your ilah (god), and the
    ilah (god) of Moses, but Moses has forgotten (his god)."

    Did they not see that it could not return them a
    word (for answer), and that it had no power either to harm them or to
    do them good?

    And Aaron indeed had said to them beforehand: "O my
    people! You are being tried in this, and verily, your Lord is Allah the
    Most Beneficent, so follow me and obey my order."

    They said: "We will not stop worshipping it (the
    calf) until Moses returns to us." (Ch 20:87-91 Quran)

    The Conversation
    Between Allah and Moses - Quranic

    Allah the Exalted revealed some of the dialogue that
    took place between Him and Moses on Mount Sinai:
    "And what made you
    hasten from your people, O Moses?"

    He said: "They are close on my footsteps, and I
    hastened to You, O my Lord! That you might be pleased."

    Allah said: "Verily! We have tried your people in
    your absence, and As-Samiri has led them astray."

    Then Moses returned to his people in a state of
    anger and sorrow. He said: "O my people! Did not your Lord promise you
    a fair promise? Did then the promise seem to you long in coming? Or did
    you desire the Wrath should descend from your Lord on you, so you broke
    your promise to me (disbelieving in Allah and worshipping the calf)?"
    (Ch 20: 83-86 Quran)


    Allah the Exalted revealed what happened further on
    Moses's return:

    "Moses said: "O Aaron! What stopped you when you saw
    them going astray, that you followed me not (according to my advice to
    you)? Have you then disobeyed my order?"

    He (Aaron) said; "O my son of my mother! Seize me
    not by my beard, nor by my head! Verily, I feared lest you should say:
    'You have caused a division among the children of Israel, and you have
    not respected my word!'"

    (Moses) said: "And what is the matter with you, O
    Samiri? (why did you do so?)"

    Samiri said: "I saw what you saw not, so I took a
    handful of dust from the hoof print of the Messenger (Gabriel's horse)
    and threw it (into the fire in which were put the ornaments of the
    Pharaoh's people, or into the calf). Thus my inner-self suggested to

    Moses said: "Then go away! And verily, your
    punishment in this life will be that you will say: 'Touch me not' (you
    will live alone exiled away from mankind); and verily (for a future
    torment), you have a promise that will not fail. And look at your ilah
    (god), to which you have been devoted. We will certainly burn it, and
    scatter its particles in the sea." (Ch 20:83-98 Quran)

    The Idolaters'

    However, the punishment which was imposed upon the calf
    worshippers was severe, death. Remember when Moses said to his
    people: "O my people! Verily, you have wronged yourselves by
    worshipping the calf. So turn in repentance to your Creator and kill
    yourselves (the innocent kill the wrong doers among you), that will be
    better for you in the Sight of your Creator." Then He accepted your
    repentance. Truly, He is the One Who accepts repentance, the Most
    Merciful. (Ch 2:54 Quran)

    Therefore, the crime of worshipping the calf did not
    pass unpunished. Moses commanded the elite of the children of Israel to
    pray to Allah for forgiveness and demonstrate their repentanc. He chose
    seventy en out of them and ordered them: "Rush towards Allah and repent
    for what you did and ask His forgiveness for what you left."

    Moses' People Demand
    to See Allah

    Moses returned to Mount Sinai with the seventy elders
    and there he communicated with Allah. The elders heard Moses speaking
    with his Lord. (Allah spoke to Moses directly.) This was, perhaps, the
    last miracle that they would see, and it was hoped that it would be
    sufficient enough to convey the religion to their hearts forever.
    However, the seventy elite who heard the miracles were dissatisfied.
    They said to Moses:

    "O Moses! We shall never believe in you till we
    see Allah plainly." (Ch 2:35 Quran)

    This was a tragedy that amazes one. It was a tragedy
    that indicated those who were hard-hearted and who continued to hold
    onto sensual and material concerns. Their stubborn demand was rewarded
    with punishing lightning bolts and a violent quaking that stupefied
    their souls and bodies at once, leaving them dead.

    Moses Prays for His

    Moses knew what had happened to the seventy elite and
    was filled with sorrow. He prayed to his Lord, entreating Him to
    forgive them, for they were fools. Foolishness is only expiated by
    death. Allah forgave the elders and revived them after their death.

    Allah the Exalted declared:

    "Moses chose out of his
    people seventy of the best men for Our appointed time and place of
    meeting, and when they were seized with a violent earthquake, he said:
    "O my Lord, if it had been Your Will, You could have destroyed them and
    me before; would You destroy us for the deeds of the foolish ones among
    us? It is only Your Trial by which You lead astray whom You will, and
    keep guided whom You will. You are our Wali (Protector), so forgive us
    and have Mercy on us, for You are the Best of Those who forgive. And
    ordain for us good in this world, and in the Hereafter. Certainly we
    have turned unto You."

    He said (as to ) My Punishment I afflict therewith
    whom I will and My Mercy embraces all things. That (Mercy) I shall
    ordain for those who are the Muttaqun and give Zakat; and those who
    believe in our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs,
    revelations, etc.); Those who follow the Messenger, the Prophet who can
    neither read nor write (Muhammad) whom they find written with them in
    the Torah and the Gospel, (Ch 7:155-157 Quran , Deut. 18:18; Psl.
    118:22-23; Isa 42:1-13; Hab, 3:3-4, Matt 21:42-43, Jn 14:16-17, 26-28,
    16:7-14) he commands them for Al Ma'ruf (Islamic Monotheism and all
    that Islam has ordained); and forbids them from Al Munkar (disbelief,
    polytheism, of all kinds, and all that Islam has forbidden); he allows
    them as lawful At Tayyibat (all good and lawful) as regards things,
    deeds beliefs, persons, food, etc. and prohibits them as unlawful Al
    Khabaith (all evil and unlawful as regards things, deeds, beliefs,
    persons, food, etc.), he releases them from their heavy burdens (of
    Allah's Covenant), and from the fetters (bindings) that were upon them.
    So those who believe in him (Muhammad), honor him, help him, and follow
    the light (the Quran) which has been sent down with him, it is they who
    will be successful. (Ch 7:155-157 Quran)

    The Story of Israelites and the Cow -
    The Pious Man and His Son

    Moses (pbuh) stayed among his people
    calling them to
    Allah. It seems their souls were uneasy in a way that the observant eye
    could not mistake. Their obstinacy and chattering about what has become
    known as "The Story of the Cow" was unwarranted. This topic did not
    need so many negotiations between Moses and the people, nor did it need
    all their bias.

    It was said that among the children of Israel there
    lived a pious man. He was poor but very careful about how he earned the
    living; it had to be honestly earned. Everything that he did was done
    for the sake of Allah, never for selfish gain. On his deathbed his last
    words were: "O Allah, I place my wife, my little son, and my only
    possession, a calf, in Your care." Strangely, he asked his wife to lead
    the calf to the forest and leave it there. He did this because he did
    not trust the children of Israel, for they were a selfish and greedy

    After a few years when the boy had grown up, his mother
    told him: "Your father has left you a calf in the trust of Allah. It
    must have grown into a cow by now." The son was surprised. He did not
    know of any calf all these years and asked his mother where it was. She
    replied: "Be like your father and say: 'I trust in Allah,' then go look
    for it."

    With a rope in his hand, he went to the forest and
    prostrated himself before Allah: "O Allah, Lord of Abraham and Jacob
    and Job, return to me my father's trust. " As he raised his head, he
    saw a cow coming towards him. It stopped submissively beside him. He
    tied the rope around its neck and led it to his house. The cow would
    not allow anyone else come near it except the young man.

    The youth was as pious as his father. He earned his
    living by cutting wood. Whatever he earned he divided into three equal
    portions; one he gave to his mother, one he used for his needs, and the
    last he gave as charity. His nights, too, were divided into three
    parts; during the early part of the night he helped his mother, the
    middle part he devoted to the worship of Allah, and during the last
    part he rested.

    The People Ask
    Questions About a Cow

    About this a wealthy man died, leaving behind an only
    son, who inherited his father's wealth. His cousins envied his good
    fortune, and secretly killed him so that they could inherit it.

    The dead boy's other relatives came to the Prophet
    Moses (pbuh) and asked his help in tracing the boy's murderer. Moses
    instructed them to slaughter a cow, remove its tongue and place it on
    the corpse. This would reveal the murderer, he told them. They accused
    Moses of joking. He replied: "Allah forbid that I be foolish!" They
    questioned him about the type of cow they should slaughter, and he
    said: "This cow is neither young nor mature, but in between the two
    conditions, so do as you have been commanded."

    Instead of following his direction, they asked him more
    questions. "What color must it be?"

    He replied: "Verily, it is yellow in color."

    They still were not satisfied with his answer and asked
    for more details. Moses replied: "It is an unyoked cow; it does not
    plow the soil nor water the tilth, and is entirely without marks."

    Moses' People Find the
    Right Cow

    They went out in search of such a cow. The only one
    that matched the description was the one owned by the orphaned youth.
    They met him on the way and asked the price for which he would sell his
    cow. He told them he would have to consult his mother first, so they
    accompanied him to his house and offered her three gold coins. She
    refused their offer, saying that the cow was worth much more.

    They were on increasing their offer and the mother kept
    on refusing. Finally the urged the son to speak to his mother to be
    reasonable. He told them: "I will not sell the cow without my mother's
    approval, even if you offered me its skin filled with gold!" On hearing
    this, his mother smiled and said: "Let that be the price: its skin
    filled with gold." They realized that no other cow would do; they had
    to have it at any price. They agreed to buy the cow and paid with its
    skin filled with gold.

    The People are Asked
    to Slaugter a Cow - Quranic

    Allah the Almighty narrated:

    "And remember when Moses
    said to his people: "Verily, Allah commands you that you slaughter a

    They said: "Do you make fun of us?"

    He said: "I take Allah's Refuge from being among Al
    Jahileen (the ignorants or the foolish)."

    They said: "Call upon your Lord for us that He may
    make plain to us what it is!"

    He said: "He says, 'Verily, it is a cow neither too
    old nor too young, but it is between the two conditions, so do what you
    are commanded."

    They said; "Call upon your Lord for us to make plain
    to us its color."

    He said: "He says, 'It is a yellow cow bright in its
    color, pleasing to the beholders.'"

    They said: "Call upon your Lord for us to make plain
    to us what it is. Verily to us all cows are alike, and surely, if Allah
    wills, we will be guided."

    He (Moses) said: "He says, 'It is a cow neither
    trained to till the soil nor water the fields, sound, having no other
    color except bright yellow.'"

    They said: "Now you have brought the truth." So they
    slaughtered it though they were near to not doing it.

    And remember when you killed a man and fell into
    dispute among yourselves to the crime. But Allah brought forth that
    which you were hiding. So We said: "Strike him (the dead man) with a
    piece of it (the cow)." Thus Allah brings the dead to life and shows
    you His Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations,
    etc.) so that you may understand.

    Then after that your hearts were hardened and became
    as stone or even worse in hardness. And indeed, there are stones out of
    which rivers gush forth, and indeed, there are of them stones which
    fall down for fear of Allah. And Allah is not unaware of what you do.
    (Ch 2:67-74 Quran).

    The Story of Moses and Al-Khidr -
    Moses Informed of a Wise Man

    One day Moses (pbuh) delivered such an
    sermon that all who heard it was deeply moved. Someone in the
    congregation asked: "O Messenger of Allah, is there another man on
    earth more learned than you?" Moses replied: "No!", believing so, as
    Allah had given him the power of miracles and honored him with the

    However, Allah revealed to Moses that no man could know
    all there is to know, nor would one messenger alone be the custodian of
    all knowledge. There would always be another who knew what others did
    not. Moses asked Allah: "O Allah, where is this man? I would like to
    meet him and learn from him." He also asked for a sign to this person's

    Allah instructed him to take a live fish in a water
    filled vessel. When the fish disappeared, he would find the man he
    sought. Moses set out on his journey, accompanied by a young man who
    carried the vessel with the fish. They reached a place where two rivers
    met and decided to rest there. Instantly, Moses fell asleep.

    Moses Finds Al-Khidr

    While he was asleep, his companion saw the fish wriggle
    out of the vessel into the river and swim away. However, he forgot to
    relate the incident to Moses. When he awoke, they continued their
    journey until they were exhausted and hungry. Moses asked for his
    morning meal. Only then did his companion recall that the fish they had
    brought with them had gotten away. Hearing this, Moses exclaimed: "This
    is exactly what we are seeking!"

    They hurriedly retraced their steps to the place where
    the rivers met and where the fish had jumped out. There they found a
    man, his face partly covered with a hood. His bearing showed he was a
    saintly man. He was Al-Khidr, the guide.

    Moses Finds Al-Khidr -

    Allah the Almighty narrated:

    "And remember when Moses
    said to his boy servant: "I will not give up (traveling) until I reach
    the junction of the two seas or until I spend years and years in

    But when they reached the junction of the two seas,
    they forgot their fish, and it took its way through the sea as in a
    tunnel. So when they had passed further on (beyond that fixed place),
    Moses said to his boy servant: "Bring us our morning meal; truly, we
    have suffered much fatigue in this, our journey."

    He said: "Do you remember when we betook ourselves
    to the dock? I indeed forgot the fish, none but Satan made me forget to
    remember it. It took its course into the sea in a strange way!"

    Moses said: "That is what we have been seeking." So
    they went back retracing their footsteps.

    Then they found one of Our slaves, unto whom We had
    bestowed mercy from Us, and whom We had taught knowledge from Us. (Ch.
    18: 60-65)

    Moses Speaks to

    Moses said to him (Khidr) "May I follow you so that
    you teach me something of that knowledge (guidance, and true path)
    which you have been taught by Allah?"

    He (Khidr) said: "Verily! You will not be able to
    have patience with me! And how can you have patience about a thing
    which you know not?"

    Moses said; "If Allah will, you will find me
    patience, and I will not disobey you in aught."

    He (Khidr) said: "Then, if you follow me, ask me not
    about anything till I myself mention it to you."

    So they both proceeded, till, when they were in the
    ship, he (Khidr) scuttled it. Moses said: "Have you scuttled it in
    order to drown its people? Verily, you have done Imra- a Munkar (evil,
    bad, dreadful) thing."

    He (Khidr) said: "Did I not tell you, that you would
    not be able to have patience with me?"

    Moses said: "Cal me not to account for what I
    forgot, and be not hard upon me for my affair with you."

    Then they both proceeded, till they met a boy, he
    (Khidr) killed him. Moses said: "Have you killed an innocent person who
    had killed none? Verily, you have done Nukra a great Munkar
    (prohibited, evil dreadful) thing!"

    Khidr said: "Did I not tell you that you can have no
    patience with me?"

    Moses said: "If I ask you anything after this, keep
    me not in your company, you have received an excuse from me."

    Then they both proceeded, till, when they came to
    the people of a town, they asked them for food, but they refused to
    entertain them. Then they found therein a wall about to collapse and he
    (Khidr) set it up straight. Moses said: "If you had wished, surely you
    could have taken wages for it!"

    Khidr said: "This is the parting between me and you,
    I will tell you the interpretation of those things over which you were
    unable to hold patience.

    "As for the ship, it belonged to poor people working
    in the sea. So I wished to make a defective damage in it, as there was
    a king after them, who seized every ship by force.

    "And as for the boy, his parents were believers, and
    we feared lest he should oppress them by rebellion and disbelief. So we
    intended that their Lord should change him for them for one better in
    righteousness and near to mercy.

    "And as for the wall, it belonged to two orphan boys
    in the town; and there was under it a treasure belonging to them; and
    their father was a righteous man, and your Lord intended that they
    should attain their age of full strength and take out their treasure as
    a mercy from your Lord. And I did it not of my own accord. That is the
    interpretation of those (things) over which could not hold patience.
    (Ch 18:66-82 Quran)

    Moses Seeks Al-Khidr -

    The story of Moses and Al-Khidr is also told in a
    hadith. Said Ibn Jubair said: "I said to Ibn' Abbas, Nauf Al Bukah
    claims that Moses, the companion of Al Khidr, was not Moses (the
    Prophet) of the children of Israel, but some other Moses.' Ibn Abbas
    said: 'Allah's enemy (Nauf) has told a lie. Ubai Ibn Kab told us that
    the Prophet (pbuh) said: "Once Moses stood up and addressed Bani
    Israel. He was asked who was the most learned man amongst the people.
    He said: "I." Allah admonished him as he did not attribute absolute
    knowledge to Him (Allah). So, Allah said to him: "Yes, at the junction
    of the two seas there is a slave of Mine who is more learned than you."
    Moses said; "O my Lord! How can I meet him?" Allah said: "Take a fish
    and put it in a large basket and you will find him at the place where
    you will lose the fish."

    Moses took a fish and put it in a basket and proceeded
    along with his servant boy, Joshua (Yusha Ibn Nun), till they reached
    the rock where they laid their heads (lay down). Moses slept, and the
    fish, moving out of the basket, fell into the sea. It took its way into
    the sea straight as in a tunnel. Allah stopped the flow of water over
    the fish and it became like an arch (the Prophet pointed out this arch
    with his hands). They traveled the rest of the night, and the next day
    Moses said to his boy servant: "Give us our food, for indeed, we have
    suffered much fatigue in this journey of ours." Moses did not feel
    tired till he crossed that place which Allah had ordered him to seek
    after. His boy said to him: "Do you know that when we were sitting near
    that rock, I forgot the fish, and none but Satan caused me to forget to
    tell you about it, and it took its course into the sea in an amazing
    way?" So there was a path for the fish and that astonished them. Moses
    said: "That was what we were seeking after."

    So both of them retraced their footsteps till they
    reached the rock. There they saw a man lying covering with a garment.

    Moses Talks to
    Al-Khidr - Hadith

    Moses greeted him, and he replied saying: "How do
    people greet each
    other in your land?" Moses said: "I am Moses."

    The man asked: "Moses of Bani Israel?" Moses said:
    "yes, I have come to you so that you may teach me from those things
    which Allah has taught you." He said: "O Moses! I have some of the
    knowledge of Allah which Allah has taught me and which you do not know,
    wyou have some of the knowledge of Allah which Allah has taught you and
    which I do not know." Moses asked: "May I follow you?" He said: "But
    you will not be able to remain patient with me, for how can you be
    patient about things which you will not be able to understand?" Moses
    said: "You will find me, if Allah so will, truly patient, and I will
    not disobey you in aught."

    So both of them set out walking along the seashore. A
    boat passed by them, and they asked the crew of the boat to take them
    on board. The crew recognized Al-Khidr, so they took them on board
    without fare. When they were on board the boat, a sparrow came and
    stood on the edge of the boat and dipped its beak once or twice into
    the sea. Al Khidr said to Moses: "O Moses! My knowledge and your
    knowledge have not decreased Allah's knowledge except as much as this
    sparrow has decreased the water of the sea with its beak." Then
    suddenly Al Khidr took an adz and pulled up a plank, and Moses did not
    notice it till he had pulled up a plank with the adz. Moses said to
    him: "What have you done? They took us on board charging us nothing;
    yet you have intentionally made a hole in their boat as to drown its
    passengers. Verily, you have done a dreadful thing." Al Khidr replied:
    "Did I not tell you that you would not be able to remain patient with
    me?" Moses replied: "Do not blame me for what I have forgotten, and do
    not be hard upon me for my fault." So the first excuse of Moses was
    that he had forgotten.

    When they had left the sea, they passed by a boy
    playing with other boys. Al Khidr took a hold of the boy's head and
    plucked it with his fingertips as if he were plucking some fruit. Moses
    said to him: "Have you killed an innocent person who has not killed any
    person? You have really done a horrible thing." Al Khidr said: "Did I
    not tell you that you could not remain patient with me?" Moses said:
    "If I ask you about anything after this, don't accompany me. You have
    received an excuse from me."

    Then both of them went on till they came to some people
    of a village, and they asked its inhabitants for food but they refused
    to entertain them as guests. Then they saw therein a wall which was
    just going to collapse and Al Khidr repaired it just by touching it
    with his hands. (Sufyan, the sub-narrator, gestured with his hands,
    illustrating how Al Khidr passed his hands over the wall upwards.)
    Moses said: "These are the people whom we have called on, but they
    neither gave us food, nor entertained us as guests, yet you have
    repaired their wall. If you had wished, you could have taken wages for

    Al Khidr said: "This is the parting between you and me,
    and I shall tell you the explanation of those things on which you could
    not remain patient."

    The Prophet (pbuh) added: "We wish that Moses could
    have remained patient by virtue of which Allah might have told us more
    about their story." (Sufyan, the sub-narrator, said that the Prophet
    (pbuh) said: "May Allah bestow His Mercy on Moses! If he had remained
    patient, we would have been told further about their case." (Sahih

    Death of Moses - Moses' Suffering

    Moses (pbuh) suffered terribly from his people and
    endured much for the sake of Allah.

    Abdullah Ibn Umar narrated: "Once
    the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) distributed something (among his
    companions). A man said: "This distribution has not been done (with
    justice) seeking Allah's Countenance.' I went to the Prophet (pbuh) and
    told him of that. He became so angry that I saw the signs of anger on
    his face. Then he said: 'May Allah bestow His Mercy on Moses, for he
    was harmed more (in a worse manner) than this; yet he endured
    patiently.'" (Sahih Al-Bukhari)

    The children of Israel mistreated Moses (pbuh) a lot.
    His agony was not limited to mutiny, stupidity, chattering, ignorance,
    and idolatry; it exceeded this and went as far as inflicting personal
    harm on him.

    Almighty Allah commanded:

    "O you who believe! Be not
    like those who annoyed Moses, but Allah cleared him of that which they
    alleged, and he was honorable in Allah's sight! (Ch 33:69 Quran).

    Allah Clears Moses of
    False Rumors

    Abu Hurairah narrated that Allah's Messenger Muhammad
    (pbuh) said: "Prophet Moses was a shy person and used to cover his body
    completely because of his extensive shyness. One of the children of
    Israel hurt him by saying: 'He covers his body in this way only because
    of some defect in his skin, either leprosy or scrotal hernia, or he has
    some other defect.'

    Allah wished to clear Moses of what they said about
    him, so one day while Moses was in seclusion, he took his clothes and
    put them on a s tone and started taking a bath. When he had finished
    the bath, he moved towards his clothes so as to take them, but the
    stone took his clothes and fled. Moses picked up his stick and ran
    after the stone saying: 'O stone! Give me my garment!' till he reached
    a group of children of Israel who saw him naked then, and found him in
    the best shape of what Allah had created, and Allah cleared him of what
    they had accused him of. The stone stopped there, and Moses took and
    put on his garment and started hitting the stone with his stick. By
    Allah, the stone still has some traces of the hitting, three, four, or
    five marks. This was what Allah the Almighty refers to in His saying:
    O you who believe! Be not like those who annoyed Moses, but Allah
    cleared him of that which they alleged, and he was honorable in Allah's
    sight!" (Ch 33:69 Quran)
    (Sahih Al-Bukhari)

    The Death of Aaron

    Aaron (pbuh) died shortly before Moses (pbuh). His
    people were still wandering in the wilderness when he died.

    The Death of Moses

    Abu Hurairah narrated: "The Angel of Death was sent to
    Moses (pbuh). When he came to Moses, Moses slapped him on the eye. The
    Angel returned to his Lord and said: 'You have sent me to a slave who
    does not want to die.' Allah said: 'Return to him and tell him to put
    his hand on the back of an ox and for every hair that will come under
    it, he will be granted one year of life.' Moses said: 'O Lord! What
    will happen after that?' Allah replied: 'then death.' Moses said: 'Let
    it come now!' Moses then requested Allah to let him die close to the
    Holy Land so that he would be at a distance of a stone's throw from
    it." Abu Hurairah added: "Allah's Messenger (pbuh) said: 'If I were
    there, I would show you his grave below the red sandhill on the side of
    the road.'" (Sahih Al Bukhari)

    Moses (pbuh), Prophet of Allah and the one to whom
    Allah spoke to directly, met his death with a contented soul and a
    faithful heart that looked forward to righteousness and made haste to
    meet with Him Who bore tidings of peace.




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