CHAPTER No: 40
(Whosoever denies any of the Names
and Attributes of Allah)
Allah the Most Exalted said:
"... and they disbelieve in the Most Beneficent (Allah) Say: "He is my Lord! La ilaha ilIa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He)! In Him is my trust, and to Him will be my return with repentance."
Narrated Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) :
"You should preach to the people in a way that they can easily understand. Would you like that Allah and His Messenger (May the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) be denied?" (Al-Bukhari)
Abdur-Razzaq reported from Ma'mar from Ibn Tawus from his father that Ibn Abbas ((May Allah be pleased with him)) narrated:
He (Ibn Abbas) saw a man springing to his feet in disapproval of the statement when he heard a Hadith from the Prophet (May the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) about the Divine Attributes. Then he (Ibn Abbas) said, "What type of the fear is of these people!? They find in entirely clear verses that which they fear and are
brought to ruin by those verses which are not entirely clear (in which they seek deviant interpretations)."
When the tribe of Quraish heard Allah's Messenger (May the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) mentioning Ar-Rahman, they denied this Attribute. It was on this occasion that Allah the Almighty revealed the verse:
"And they disbelieve in Ar-Rahman [the Most Beneficent (Allah)]"
Important issues of the Chapter
1) The denial of any of the Names or Attributes of Allah casts out one from /man.
2) Detailed account of the verse (13:30).
3) Avoid speaking in a manner which the listener cannot understand clearly.
4) Mentioning the reasons which lead to the denial of Allah and His Messenger (May the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) even unintentionally.
5) Warning of Ibn Abbas (May Allah be pleased with him) to the effect that whoever denies any of the Attributes of Allah, he would be ruined.