Muhammad the Prophet of Mercy

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  • Muhammad the Prophet of Mercy


    the Prophet of Mercy

    For mercy
    there was sent a Prophet.

    Not only to show it,
    preach it, and teach it, but to be it:

    (We have only sent you
    as a mercy to the worlds

    In him mercy talked, mercy walked, mercy lived on the earth at one

    That time began on Monday, the ninth of Rabi‘ I, in Makkah
    [Makkah, the Honored]. This mercy was born of the noblest and
    purest lineage, from the best family among the Arabs whose pedigree is traced
    back to Ismail
    (Ishmael r2), son of Ibrahim (Abraham r), the father of all the
    Prophets (peace and blessings of Allah3 be upon them).

    Muhammad bin ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abdul-Mutalib bin
    Hashim bin ‘Abd-Manaf bin Qusai bin Kilab bin Murrah bin Ka‘b bin Luaiy bin
    Ghalib bin Fahr bin Malik bin An-Nadr bin Kinanah bin Khuzaimah bin Mudrikah
    bin Ilyas bin Mudar bin Nizar bin Ma‘d bin ‘Adnan, and ‘Adnan is from the
    children of Isma‘il, son of Ibrahim (peace and blessings of Allah be upon them

    With Prophet Muhammad r came the birth of the
    light that guides to the way of peace, mercy, and happiness.

    has come to you from Allah a light and a plain Book wherewith Allah guides
    those who seek His Good Pleasure to the ways of peace, and He brings them out
    of darkness by His Will unto light, and guides them to a Straight Path.

    It is not possible to gather all the rays of this light in
    hands for humanity to read; but this book will try to draw closer to this most nobly-mannered
    man r,
    to his Message and mercy, begging help and support only from Allah U5.

    Turning the pages of his noble, faith-filled, and
    faith-building life, and hearing the depiction given by a close eyewitness, Ja‘far bin Abu
    Talib t6, to the Christian Emperor of Abyssinia
    (Ethiopia), nothing better can introduce the Prophet of Mercy r and the greatest aspect
    of this mercy, the bringing of humanity from darkness into light.

    The light that shines from within through worshiping Allah Alone
    and being Muslim7.
    The light of the three Heavenly Messages – Judaism, Christianity, and Islam8 – calling to the
    one true religion. One light sent by the One God.

    We will sail backwards to hear Ja‘far’s words narrating the
    defeat of evil by the rebirth of good that Prophet Muhammad r makes happen in souls, and
    live with the first Muslims in the critical moment after they embraced Islam.

    A group of persecuted Muslims left for Abyssinia where they
    sought asylum with its fair Christian king, who never wronged any of his
    subjects, just as the Prophet r had depicted him. The
    Quraish could not tolerate the prospect of a haven for the Muslims in Abyssinia, so they dispatched two sturdy envoys to demand
    their extradition on the grounds that they had abandoned the religion of their
    forefathers, and that their leader was preaching a religion different from
    theirs and that of the king.

    The Negus summoned the Muslims to his royal court and asked:

    The Negus: What is this religion for which you have parted
    with your people, and you entered into neither my religion nor the religion of
    any of these nations?

    Ja‘far bin Abu Talib: O king! We were ignorant people
    who worshiped idols, ate dead meat, committed obscenities, severed the ties of
    the womb (kinship), ill-treated the neighbors, and allowed the strong among us to
    devour the weak.

    We remained so until Allah sent us a Messenger from among
    ourselves. We know his descent, his truthfulness, his honesty, and his chastity.

    He invited us to Allah, to believe in His Oneness and worship Him Alone,
    and cast off the stones and idols that our forefathers and we used to worship
    besides Him. He ordered us to speak the truth, render back the trust, join the
    ties of the womb, treat the neighbors kindly, and refrain from bloodshed and things

    He forbade us from immoralities, making forged statements,
    devouring the property of orphans, and calumniating chaste women. He ordered us
    to worship Allah Alone, associating nothing with Him, and to offer Salah9, pay Zakah10, and fast (Ramadan) [Ja‘far recounted to
    him the precepts of Islam].

    We trusted him, believed him, and followed that with which
    he came. We worshiped Allah, Alone, and associated nothing with Him. We
    considered forbidden that which he declared forbidden to us and we considered
    permissible that which he declared permissible for us. But, our people
    transgressed against us.

    They tortured us and tempted us away from our religion, to turn
    us from the worship of Allah back to the worship of idols, and to make us deem
    as lawful the abominations that (in the past) we used to deem lawful.

    When they oppressed us, wronged us, tyrannized us, and came
    between our religion and us, we immigrated to your country. We chose you over
    others and sought your protection, and hope not to be treated unjustly under
    you, O king.

    The Negus: Do you have any of what (the revelations) he
    brought from Allah?

    Ja‘far bin Abu Talib: Yes.

    The Negus: Recite it to me.

    Ja‘far recited to him the beginning of Surat Maryam (Mary: 19). On hearing the
    recited Ayat (Qur’anic verses), the Negus cried until his tears wet his beard,
    and the bishops of his realm
    until their tears wet their books

    The Negus: This, by Allah, and what Musa (Moses r) came with emanate from the same lamp (source). Go, by Allah, I will
    never hand them over to you.

    Yet, ‘Amr bin Al-‘As, one of the two envoys, swore to come
    the next day and censure them before the Negus, and tell him that they claim
    that ‘Isa (Jesus
    was no more than a Servant of Allah

    ‘Amr bin Al-‘As: O king! They say about ‘Isa, son of Maryam, a grave saying. Send for them and ask them about what they say
    regarding him.

    On entering

    The Negus: What do you say about ‘Isa, son of Maryam?

    Ja‘far bin Abu Talib: We say about him what our Prophet r told us: that he is the Servant of Allah, His
    Messenger, His soul (created by Him) and His Word (“Be!” – and he was), which He bestowed on Maryam, the virgin,
    the chaste.

    The Negus struck the ground with his hand, picked from it a
    straw and said:

    The Negus: ‘Isa, son of Maryam, does not exceed what you
    have said about this straw.11

    Welcome to you and to the one from whom you came. I testify
    that he is the Messenger of Allah. He is the one (whose description) we find in
    the Gospel, and the Messenger whose coming was heralded by ‘Isa, son of Maryam.
    Stay wherever you please. By Allah, were it not for holding
    sovereignty, I would have gone to him to be the one who carries his
    shoes and serves his ablution.12



    punishment – I afflict with it whom I will, but My mercy embraces all things. I
    will decree it for those who fear (Me) and give Zakah and those who believe in
    Our Ayat
    .13 Those who
    follow the Messenger, the unlettered Prophet, whom they find written in what
    they have of the Torah and the Gospel, who enjoins upon them what is right and
    forbids them what is wrong and makes lawful for them the good things and
    prohibits for them the evil and relieves them of their burden and the shackles
    which were upon them. They, who have believed in him, honored him, supported
    him, and followed the light that has been sent down with him – it is they who
    will be successful.
    (O Muhammad), “O mankind, indeed I am the Messenger of Allah to you all, (from
    Him) to whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth. There is no god
    except Him; He gives life and causes death.” So believe in Allah and His
    Messenger, the unlettered Prophet, who believes in Allah and His Words, and
    follow him that you may be guided.



    1 Translated meanings of Al-Anbiya’ 21: 107.

    May peace and blessings of Allah be upon him.

    3 The Name indicative and all-inclusive of every
    Divine Name and Attribute of Absolute Perfection: the One God, the Maker, the
    Almighty, the All-Merciful, etc.; in Arabic it means: The One exclusively
    worthy of deification and worship

    4 Translated meanings of Al-Ma’idah 5: 15-16.

    5 Glorified and
    be He.

    6 May Allah be pleased with him.

    7 It means submitting oneself to Allah Alone.
    Bilal Philips defines “Islam” and “Muslims” as: “Islam” means submission or
    surrender of one’s will to Allah, the only true God worthy of worship; anyone
    who does this is termed a “Muslim”. The word also implies “peace”, which is the
    natural consequence of total submission to the Will of Allah.

    Literally: submission and resignation to Allah Alone.

    9 Salah (Prayer), the second Pillar of Islam, is a fixed obligatory form of
    worship performed five times a day at prescribed times. Salah consists
    of Rak‘ahs (singular: Rak‘ah). Rak‘ah represents a unit of
    Salah and consists of one standing while reciting the Qur’an
    (Surat Al-Fatihah in
    every Rak‘ah and a portion of the Qur’an)
    , one bowing,
    and two prostrations with a sitting in between for testifying to the Oneness of
    Allah and supplication.

    10 Zakah (purifying,
    wealth-increasing obligatory charity)
    means both
    “Purification” and “Growth.” It purifies the soul and increases wealth.

    11 This dialogue is excerpted from a long Hadith
    narrated by Umm Salamah about the emigration of a group of persecuted Muslims
    to Abyssinia. Reported in Musnad Ahmad, Book
    of Ahlul Bait (the Household of the Prophet
    r), Hadith no.
    1649; a similar version of the Hadith is also reported by Ahmad (21460) and Ibn
    Hisham, As-Sirah An-Nabawiyyah: The Quraish Dispatching of Envoys to Abyssinia for the Extradition of Emigrants, vol. 1,
    Al-Maktabah Al-Qaiyamah.

    12 Narrated by ‘Abdullah bin Mas‘ud: Musnad Ahmad,
    Book of Al-Mukthrin min As-Sahabh (
    who narrated more than one thousand Hadiths
    ), Hadith no. 4168; a similar
    version of the Hadith is also reported by Abu Dawud (2790).

    13 Proofs, evidence, lessons, signs, revelations.

    14 Translated meanings of Al-A‘raf 7: 156-158.



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