He is Allah
(91) The Harm-INFLICTOR (AL-DHAAR)
(92) The Benefit-GIVER (AL-NAFI‘)
The Harm-INFLICTOR and the Benefit-GIVER are two of Allah’s attributes that denote the perfection of His Supreme Power and are related to His Divine acts. Neither harm nor benefit can ever befall the human being save with His Will, “Say, all things are from God”(NISAA’, 78).
People should attribute the evil to themselves and the good toAllah, as mentioned in the Qur’an, “Whatever good, O man,happens to thee, is from God; but whatever evil happens to thee, is fromthy own soul”(NISAA’, 79). Prophet Abrahamwas courteous in his words when he said, “And when I am ill, itis He who cures me” (SHU‘ARAA’, 80), and thefollowing Quranic verse relates the episode of Moses with Al-Khidhr aboutthe boat that the latter scuttled and later said, “I but wishedto render it unserviceable” (KAHF, 79), andfrom the context it is evident that he did so as an obedience to Allah’swill, “I did it not of my own accord” (KAHF,82).
Allah, Praise and Glory be to Him, is the Doer of everything, He says, “If God do touch thee with hurt, there is none can remove it but He, if He do design some benefit for thee, there is none can keep back His favour; He causeth it to reach whomsoever of His servants He pleaseth. And He is the Oft-Forgiver, Most Merciful” (YUNUS, 107).
Allah, Praise and Glory be to Him, predetermined the harm and the evil to whom it pleases Him and in the way it pleases Him; Heimpoverishes and afflicts bodies, misleads and distresses. He, Glory beto Him, predetermined the benefit and the good to whom it pleases Himand in the way it pleases Him; He endows health, wealth, bliss, prestige,guidance and piety to whom it pleases Him and in accordance with His Wisdomand Divine Will; He predetermines everything, He is the Creator of allthe means of harm, evil, good and benefit, then He subjects all these totry whoever it pleases Him, “..and We test you by evil and by goodby way of trial. To Us must ye return” (ANBIYA’,35), “We have tried them with both prosperity and adversity,in order that they might turn to Us” (A‘RAF, 168).
Thereupon, Allah, the Harm-INFLICTOR and the Benefit-GIVER, created all good and evil, harm and benefit; all these things are attributed to Him. Do not ever think that the scorpion or the snake kill with their venom on their own, or that viruses and microbes cause diseases on their own, or that food can satiate and benefit by itself, or that hunger and chilliness, can ever kill on themselves. Do not ever imagine that anyof the created things can inflict benefit or harm by themselves, but allthese are means and causes subjected to Allah, the means and causesof harm and benefit are but the tools of Providence, He accomplishes whatHe likes. Thereupon, nothing can ever happen except according to His Will, “No misfortune can happen on earth or in your souls but is recorded in a decree before We bring it into existence; that is truly easy for God”(HADID, 22).
Hence, nothing happens in the universe but accords with His Will and Plan, whether it is a move or silence, death or life, harm or benefit, good or evil, heresy or faith, gratitude or ingratitude, gain or loss,obedience or disobedience. What He wishes happens and what He does notwish will never happen; Glory be to the Harm-INFLICTOR, the Benefit-GIVER,Praise and Glory be to Him, He is Allah.